Ezra 2

The Names of the Returning Exiles

The list of names and numbers in this chapter of Ezra has a parallel account in Neh 7:6–73. The fact that the two lists do not always agree in specific details suggests that various textual errors have crept into the accounts during the transmission process.
These are the people
Heb “the sons of.”
of the province who were going up,
The Hebrew term הָעֹלִים (haolim, “those who were going up” [Qal active participle]) refers to continual action in the past. Most translations render this as a simple past: “went up” (KJV), “came up” (RSV, ASV, NASV, NIV), “came” (NRSV). CEV paraphrases: “were on their way back.”
from the captives of the exile whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had forced into exile in Babylon. They returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his own city.
They came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, and Baanah.

The number of Israelites
Heb “men of the people of Israel.”
was as follows:
The words “was as follows” are not in the Hebrew text but are used in the translation for clarity.

the descendants
Heb “the sons of.”
of Parosh: 2,172;

the descendants of Shephatiah: 372;

the descendants of Arah: 775;

the descendants of Pahath-Moab (from the line
Heb “to the sons of.” Cf. v. 40.
of Jeshua and
The MT reads יוֹאָב (yoav, “Joab”). However, syntax demands the reading וְיוֹאָב (veyoav, “and Joab”) which is reflected in the LXX and Syriac.
Joab): 2,812;

the descendants of Elam: 1,254;

the descendants of Zattu: 945;

the descendants of Zaccai: 760;

10  the descendants of Bani: 642;

11  the descendants of Bebai: 623;

12  the descendants of Azgad: 1,222;

13  the descendants of Adonikam: 666;

14  the descendants of Bigvai: 2,056;

15  the descendants of Adin: 454;

16  the descendants of Ater (through
Heb “to.” So also in vv. 36, 40.
Hezekiah): 98;

17  the descendants of Bezai: 323;

18  the descendants of Jorah: 112;

19  the descendants of Hashum: 223;

20  the descendants of Gibbar: 95.

21  The men
The translation follows the suggestion in BHS and reads אַנְשֵׁי (’anshe, “the men of”) here rather than the reading בְּנֵי (bene, “the sons of”) found in the MT. So also in vv. 25, 26, 33, 34.
of Bethlehem:
For location see Map5-B1; Map7-E2; Map8-E2; Map10-B4.

22  the men of Netophah: 56;

23  the men of Anathoth: 128;

24  the men of the family
The translation follows the suggestion in BHS and reads אַשְׁנֵי בֵּית (’ashne bet, “men of the house of”) here rather than the reading בְּנֵי (bene, “the sons of”) found in the MT.
Heb “the men of the house of Azmaveth”; some regard בֵּית (bet, “house of”) as a part of the place name: NAB, NLT “Beth-azmaveth.”
of Azmaveth: 42;

25  the men of Kiriath Jearim,
The translation, with the support of many manuscripts, reads יְעָרִים (yearim) here rather than the reading עָרִים (’arim) of the MT.
Kephirah and Beeroth: 743;

26  the men of Ramah and Geba: 621;

27  the men of Micmash: 122;

28  the men of Bethel
For location see Map4-G4; Map5-C1; Map6-E3; Map7-D1; Map8-G3.
and Ai: 223;

29  the descendants of Nebo: 52;

30  the descendants of Magbish: 156;

31  the descendants of the other Elam: 1,254;

32  the descendants of Harim: 320;

33  the men of Lod, Hadid, and Ono: 725;

34  the men of Jericho:
For location see Map5-B2; Map6-E1; Map7-E1; Map8-E3; Map10-A2; Map11-A1.

35  the descendants of Senaah: 3,630.

36  The priests: the descendants of Jedaiah (through the family
Heb “the house of.”
of Jeshua): 973;

37  the descendants of Immer: 1,052;

38  the descendants of Pashhur: 1,247;

39  the descendants of Harim: 1,017.

40  The Levites: the descendants of Jeshua and Kadmiel (through the line of Hodaviah): 74.

41  The singers: the descendants of Asaph: 128.

42  The gatekeepers:
Here it is preferable to delete the reading בְּנֵי (bene, “the sons of”) found in the MT.
the descendants of Shallum, the descendants of Ater, the descendants of Talmon, the descendants of Akkub, the descendants of Hatita, and the descendants of Shobai: 139.

43  The temple servants: the descendants of Ziha, the descendants of Hasupha, the descendants of Tabbaoth, 44 the descendants of Keros, the descendants of Siaha, the descendants of Padon, 45 the descendants of Lebanah, the descendants of Hagabah, the descendants of Akkub, 46 the descendants of Hagab, the descendants of Shalmai,
The translation follows the Qere reading “Shalmai” (so KJV, NASB, NIV, NLT) rather than the MT Kethib “Shamlai” (so ASV, NAB, NRSV).
the descendants of Hanan,
47 the descendants of Giddel, the descendants of Gahar, the descendants of Reaiah, 48 the descendants of Rezin, the descendants of Nekoda, the descendants of Gazzam, 49 the descendants of Uzzah, the descendants of Paseah, the descendants of Besai, 50 the descendants of Asnah, the descendants of Meunim, the descendants of Nephussim, 51 the descendants of Bakbuk, the descendants of Hakupha, the descendants of Harhur, 52 the descendants of Bazluth, the descendants of Mehida, the descendants of Harsha, 53 the descendants of Barkos, the descendants of Sisera, the descendants of Temah, 54 the descendants of Neziah, and the descendants of Hatipha.

55  The descendants of the servants of Solomon: the descendants of Sotai, the descendants of Hassophereth, the descendants of Peruda, 56 the descendants of Jaala, the descendants of Darkon, the descendants of Giddel, 57 the descendants of Shephatiah, the descendants of Hattil, the descendants of Pokereth-Hazzebaim, and the descendants of Ami.

58  All the temple servants and the descendants of the servants of Solomon: 392.

59  These are the ones that came up from Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Kerub, Addon, and Immer (although they were unable to certify
Heb “relate.”
their family connection
Heb “the house of their fathers.”
or their ancestry,
Heb “their seed.”
as to whether they really were from Israel):

60  the descendants of Delaiah, the descendants of Tobiah, and the descendants of Nekoda: 652.

61  And from among
The translation reads וּמִן (umin, “and from”) rather than the reading וּמִבּנֵי (umibbeney, “and from the sons of”) found in the MT.
the priests: the descendants of Hobaiah, the descendants of Hakkoz, and the descendants of Barzillai (who had taken a wife from the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite and was called by that
Heb “their.”
62 They
Heb “these.”
searched for their records in the genealogical materials, but did not find them.
Heb “their records were searched for in the genealogical materials, but were not found.” This passive construction has been translated as active for stylistic reasons.
They were therefore excluded
Heb “they were desecrated.”
from the priesthood.
63 The governor
The Hebrew word תִּרְשָׁתָא (tirshata’) is an official title of the Persian governor in Judea, perhaps similar in meaning to “excellency” (BDB 1077 s.v.; HALOT 1798 s.v.; W. L. Holladay, Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon, 395).
instructed them not to eat any of the sacred food until there was a priest who could consult
Heb “to stand.”
the Urim and Thummim.

64  The entire group numbered 42,360,
The same total is given in Neh 7:66, but it is difficult to understand how this number is reached, since the numbers of people listed in the constituent groups do not add up to 42,360. The list in vv. 3–60 apparently is not intended to be exhaustive, but the basis of the selectivity is unclear.
65 not counting
Heb “besides” or “in addition to.”
their male and female servants, who numbered 7,337. They also had 200 male and female singers
66 and 736 horses, 245 mules, 67 435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys. 68 When they came to the Lord’s temple in Jerusalem, some of the family leaders
Heb “the heads of the fathers.”
offered voluntary offerings for the temple of God in order to rebuild
Heb “cause it to stand.”
it on its site.
69 As they were able,
Heb “according to their strength.”
they gave to the treasury for this work 61,000 drachmas
The meaning of the Hebrew word דַּרְכְּמוֹנִים (darkemonim, cf. Neh 7:69, 70, 71) is uncertain. It may be a Greek loanword meaning “drachmas” (the view adopted here and followed also by NAB, NASB, NIV) or a Persian loanword “daric,” referring to a Persian gold coin (BDB 204 s.v. דַּרְכְּמוֹן; HALOT 232 s.v. נִים(וֹ)דַּרְכְּמֹ; cf. ASV, NRSV). For further study, see R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel, 206–9.
of gold, 5,000 minas
The מָנִים (manim, cf. Neh 7:71, 72) is a measuring weight for valuable metals, equal to 1/60 of a talent or 60 shekels (BDB 584 s.v. מָנֶה; HALOT 599 s.v. מָנֶה). For further study, see R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel, 203–6.
of silver, and 100 priestly robes.
Or “garments.”

70  The priests, the Levites, some of the people, the singers, the gatekeepers, and the temple servants lived in their towns, and all the rest of Israel lived in their towns.

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