Stability Restored1 After Abimelech’s death, ▼
▼ The word “death” has been supplied in the translation for clarification.Tola son of Puah, grandson ▼
▼ Heb “son.”of Dodo, from the tribe of Issachar, ▼
▼ Heb “a man of Issachar.”rose up to deliver Israel. He lived in Shamir in the Ephraimite hill country. 2 He led ▼
▼ Traditionally, “judged.”Israel for twenty-three years, then died and was buried in Shamir.
3 Jair the Gileadite rose up after him; he led Israel for twenty-two years. 4 He had thirty sons who rode on thirty donkeys and possessed thirty cities. To this day these towns are called Havvoth Jair ▼
▼ The name Habboth Jair means “tent villages of Jair” in Hebrew.– they are in the land of Gilead. ▼
▼ Heb “they call them Havvoth Jair to this day – which are in the land of Gilead.”5 Jair died and was buried in Kamon.
The Lord’s Patience Runs Short6 The Israelites again did evil in the Lord’s sight. ▼
▼ Heb “in the eyes of the Lord.”They worshiped ▼
▼ Or “served;” or “followed.”the Baals and the Ashtars, ▼
▼ The Ashtars were local manifestations of the goddess Ashtar (i.e., Astarte).as well as the gods of Syria, Sidon, ▼ Moab, the Ammonites, and the Philistines. ▼
▼ Heb “the gods of Syria, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the Ammonites, and the gods of the Philistines.”They abandoned the Lord and did not worship ▼
▼ Or “serve”; or “follow.”him. 7 The Lord was furious with Israel ▼
▼ Or “the Lord’s anger burned [or “raged”] against Israel.”and turned them over to ▼
▼ Heb “sold them into the hands of.”the Philistines and Ammonites. 8 They ruthlessly oppressed ▼
▼ Heb “shattered and crushed.” The repetition of similar sounding synonyms (רָעַץ [ra’ats] and רָצַץ [ratsats]) is for emphasis; רָצַץ appears in the Polel, adding further emphasis to the affirmation.the Israelites that eighteenth year ▼
▼ The phrase שְׁמֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה (shemoneh ’esreh shanah) could be translated “eighteen years,” but this would be difficult after the reference to “that year.” It is possible that v. 8b is parenthetical, referring to an eighteen year long period of oppression east of the Jordan which culminated in hostilities against all Israel (including Judah, see v. 9) in the eighteenth year. It is simpler to translate the phrase as an ordinal number, though the context does not provide the point of reference. (See Gen 14:4–5 and R. G. Boling, Judges [AB], 191-92.) In this case, the following statement specifies which “Israelites” are in view.– that is, all the Israelites living east of the Jordan in Amorite country in Gilead. 9 The Ammonites crossed the Jordan to fight with Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim. ▼
▼ Heb “the house of Ephraim.”Israel suffered greatly. ▼
▼ Or “Israel experienced great distress.” Perhaps here the verb has the nuance “hemmed in.”
10 The Israelites cried out for help to the Lord: “We have sinned against you. We abandoned our God and worshiped ▼ the Baals.” 11 The Lord said to the Israelites, “Did I not deliver you from Egypt, the Amorites, the Ammonites, the Philistines, 12 the Sidonians, Amalek, and Midian ▼
▼ The translation follows the LXX which reads “Midian”; the Hebrew text has “Maon.”when they oppressed you? ▼
▼ The words “Did I not deliver you” are interpretive. The Hebrew text simply reads, “Is it not from Egypt…when they oppressed you?” Perhaps the incomplete sentence reflects the Lord’s frustration.You cried out for help to me, and I delivered you from their power. ▼
▼ Heb “hand.”13 But since you abandoned me and worshiped ▼ other gods, I will not deliver you again. 14 Go and cry for help to the gods you have chosen! Let them deliver you from trouble!” ▼
▼ Heb “in your time of trouble.”15 But the Israelites said to the Lord, “We have sinned. You do to us as you see fit, ▼
▼ Heb “according to all whatever is good in your eyes.”but deliver us today!” ▼
▼ You do to us as you see fit, but deliver us today. The request seems contradictory, but it can be explained in one of two ways. They may be asking for relief from their enemies and direct discipline from God’s hand. Or they may mean, “In the future you can do whatever you like to us, but give us relief from what we’re suffering right now.”16 They threw away the foreign gods they owned ▼
▼ Heb “from their midst.”and worshiped ▼ the Lord. Finally the Lord grew tired of seeing Israel suffer so much. ▼
▼ Heb “And his spirit grew short [i.e., impatient] with the suffering of Israel.” The Hebrew noun נֶפֶשׁ (nefesh) also appears as the subject of the verb קָצַר (qatsar) in Num 21:4 (the Israelites grow impatient wandering in the wilderness), Judg 16:16 (Samson grows impatient with Delilah’s constant nagging), and Zech 11:8 (Zechariah grows impatient with the three negligent “shepherds”).
An Outcast Becomes a General17 The Ammonites assembled ▼
▼ Or “were summoned;” or “were mustered.”and camped in Gilead; the Israelites gathered together and camped in Mizpah. 18 The leaders ▼
▼ Heb “the people, the officers.”of Gilead said to one another, “Who is willing to lead the charge ▼
▼ Heb “Who is the man who will begin fighting.”against the Ammonites? He will become the leader of all who live in Gilead!”
Copyright information for NETfull
Welcome to STEP Bible
From Tyndale House, Cambridge UK
Use the search box to find Bibles, commentaries, passages, search terms, etc. Here are some examples:
This shows how to quickly lookup a passage.
Looking up a passage in three different translations is also easy.
This asks STEP to search for the Greek word for 'brother' and show the results in the ESV.
This example runs both a 'Hebrew word search' and a 'Text' search and shows the results in both the NIV and ESV.
You can mix most searches. This finds any word translated as 'throne' in the Prophets and the New Testament, but only in verses concerning the topic 'David'. This excludes verses which refer to a 'throne' in other contexts.
Interlinear Hebrew & Greek is available for some translations with grammar (and more soon). To reverse the interlinear order, click on a version abbreviation under the verse number.
© Tyndale House, Cambridge, UK - 2018