Nehemiah 71When the wall had been rebuilt and I had positioned the doors, and the gatekeepers, the singers, and the Levites had been appointed, 2I then put in charge over Jerusalem ▼ my brother Hanani and Hananiah ▼ the chief of the citadel, for he was a faithful man and feared God more than many do. 3I ▼
▼ The present translation (along with most English versions) reads with the Qere, a Qumran text, and the ancient versions וָאֹמַר (va’omar, “and I said”) rather than the Kethib of the MT, which reads וַיֹּאמֶר (vayyo’mer, “and he said”).said to them, “The gates of Jerusalem must not be opened in the early morning, ▼
▼ Heb “until the heat of the sun.” The phrase probably means that the gates were to be opened only after the day had progressed a bit, not at the first sign of morning light (cf. KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV, TEV, CEV). It is possible, however, that the Hebrew preposition עַד (’ad), here translated as “until,” has a more rare sense of “during.” If so, this would mean that the gates were not to be left open and unattended during the hot part of the day when people typically would be at rest (cf. NLT).until those who are standing guard close the doors and lock them. ▼
▼ Presumably this would mean the gates were not to be opened until later in the morning and were to remain open until evening. Some, however, have understood Nehemiah’s instructions to mean that the gates were not to be left open during the hottest part of the day, but must be shut and locked while the guards are still on duty. See J. Barr, “Hebrew עַד, especially at Job i.18 and Neh vii.3, ” JJS 27 (1982): 177-88.Position residents of Jerusalem as guards, some at their guard stations and some near their homes.” 4Now the city was spread out ▼
▼ Heb “wide of two hands.”and large, and there were not a lot of people in it. ▼
▼ Heb “the people were few in its midst.”At that time houses had not been rebuilt. 5My God placed it on my heart to gather the leaders, ▼
▼ Heb “nobles”; NCV “important men.”the officials, and the ordinary people so they could be enrolled on the basis of genealogy. I found the genealogical records ▼
▼ Heb “the book of genealogy.”of those who had formerly returned. Here is what I found written in that record: ▼
▼ Heb “in it”; the referent (the genealogical record) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
6 These are the people ▼
▼ Heb “the sons of”; KJV, ASV “the children of”; NAB “the inhabitants of.”of the province who returned ▼
▼ Heb “who were going up.”from the captivity of the exiles, whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had forced into exile. ▼ They returned to Jerusalem and to Judah, each to his own city. 7They came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, and Baanah.
The number of Israelite men ▼
▼ Heb “the men of the people of Israel.” Some English versions translate as “the people from Israel” (NCV) or “the Israelite people” (NRSV), but “men” should be retained because the following numbers presumably include only adult males.was as follows:
8 the descendants ▼
▼ Heb “the sons of.”of Parosh, 2,172;
9 the descendants of Shephatiah, 372;
10 the descendants of Arah, 652;
11 the descendants of Pahath-Moab (from the line ▼
▼ Heb “to the sons of.”of Jeshua and Joab), 2,818;
12 the descendants of Elam, 1,254;
13 the descendants of Zattu, 845;
14 the descendants of Zaccai, 760;
15 the descendants of Binnui, 648;
16 the descendants of Bebai, 628;
17 the descendants of Azgad, 2,322;
18 the descendants of Adonikam, 667;
19 the descendants of Bigvai, 2,067;
20 the descendants of Adin, 655;
21 the descendants of Ater (through Hezekiah), 98;
22 the descendants of Hashum, 328;
23 the descendants of Bezai, 324;
24 the descendants of Harif, 112;
25 the descendants of Gibeon, 95;
26 The men of Bethlehem ▼ and Netophah, 188;
27 the men of Anathoth, 128;
28 the men of the family ▼ of Azmaveth, 42;
29 the men of Kiriath Jearim, Kephirah, and Beeroth, 743;
30 the men of Ramah and Geba, 621;
31 the men of Micmash, 122;
32 the men of Bethel ▼ and Ai, 123;
33 the men of the other Nebo, 52;
34 the descendants of the other Elam, 1,254;
35 the descendants of Harim, 320;
36 the descendants of Jericho, 345;
37 the descendants of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, 721;
38 the descendants of Senaah, 3,930.
39 The priests:
the descendants of Jedaiah (through the family ▼
▼ Heb “to the house of.”of Jeshua), 973;
40 the descendants of Immer, 1,052;
41 the descendants of Pashhur, 1,247;
42 the descendants of Harim, 1,017.
43 The Levites:
the descendants of Jeshua (through Kadmiel, through the line of Hodaviah), 74.
44 The singers:
the descendants of Asaph, 148.
45 The gatekeepers:
the descendants of Shallum, the descendants of Ater, the descendants of Talmon, the descendants of Akkub, the descendants of Hatita, and the descendants of Shobai, 138.
46 The temple servants:
the descendants of Ziha, the descendants of Hasupha, the descendants of Tabbaoth, 47the descendants of Keros, the descendants of Sia, the descendants of Padon, 48the descendants of Lebanah, the descendants of Hagabah, the descendants of Shalmai, 49the descendants of Hanan, the descendants of Giddel, the descendants of Gahar, 50the descendants of Reaiah, the descendants of Rezin, the descendants of Nekoda, 51the descendants of Gazzam, the descendants of Uzzah, the descendants of Paseah, 52the descendants of Besai, the descendants of Meunim, the descendants of Nephussim, 53the descendants of Bakbuk, the descendants of Hakupha, the descendants of Harhur, 54the descendants of Bazluth, the descendants of Mehida, the descendants of Harsha, 55the descendants of Barkos, the descendants of Sisera, the descendants of Temah, 56the descendants of Neziah, the descendants of Hatipha.
57 The descendants of the servants of Solomon:
the descendants of Sotai, the descendants of Sophereth, the descendants of Perida, 58the descendants of Jaala, the descendants of Darkon, the descendants of Giddel, 59the descendants of Shephatiah, the descendants of Hattil, the descendants of Pokereth-Hazzebaim, and the descendants of Amon.
60 All the temple servants and the descendants of the servants of Solomon, 392.
61 These are the ones who came up from Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Kerub, Addon, and Immer (although they were unable to certify ▼
▼ Heb “relate.”their family connection ▼
▼ Heb “the house of their fathers.”or their ancestry, ▼
▼ Heb “their seed.”as to whether they were really from Israel):
62 the descendants of Delaiah, the descendants of Tobiah, and the descendants of Nekoda, 642.
63 And from among the priests: the descendants of Hobaiah, the descendants of Hakkoz, and the descendants of Barzillai (who had married a woman from the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite and was called by that name). 64They searched for their records in the genealogical materials, but none were found. They were therefore excluded ▼
▼ Heb “they were desecrated.”from the priesthood. 65The governor ▼
▼ The Hebrew term תִּרְשָׁתָא (tirshata’; KJV “Tirshatha”) is the official title of a Persian governor in Judea. In meaning it may be similar to “excellency” (cf. NAB). See further BDB 1077 s.v.; W. L. Holladay, Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon, 395; HALOT 1798 s.v.instructed them not to eat any of the sacred food until there was a priest who could consult ▼
▼ Heb “stood.”the Urim and Thummim.
66 The entire group numbered 42,360, 67not counting their 7,337 male and female servants. They also had 245 male and female singers. 68They had 736 horses, 245 mules, 69[Heb. 7:68] ▼ 435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys. 70Some of the family leaders ▼
▼ Heb “the heads of the fathers.”contributed to the work. The governor contributed to the treasury 1,000 gold drachmas, ▼ 50 bowls, and 530 priestly garments. 71Some of the family leaders gave to the project treasury 20,000 gold drachmas and 2,200 silver minas. 72What the rest of the people gave amounted to 20,000 gold drachmas, 2,000 silver minas, and 67 priestly garments.
73 The priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, some of the people, the temple servants, and all the rest of Israel lived in their cities.
The People Respond to the Reading of the LawWhen the seventh month arrived and the Israelites ▼ were settled in their cities, ▼
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