Psalms 70

O God, please be willing to rescue me!
Heb “O God, to rescue me.” A main verb is obviously missing. The verb רָצָה (ratsah, “be willing”) should be supplied (see Ps 40:13). Ps 40:13 uses the divine name “Lord” rather than “God.”

O Lord, hurry and help me!
Heb “hurry to my help.” See Pss 22:19; 38:22.

May those who are trying to take my life
be embarrassed and ashamed!
Heb “may they be embarrassed and ashamed, the ones seeking my life.” Ps 40:14 has “together” after “ashamed,” and “to snatch it away” after “my life.”

May those who want to harm me
be turned back and ashamed!
The four prefixed verbal forms in this verse are understood as jussives. The psalmist is calling judgment down on his enemies.
See Ps 35:4 for a similar prayer.

May those who say, “Aha! Aha!”
be driven back
The prefixed verbal form is understood as a jussive in this imprecation.
and disgraced!
Heb “May they be turned back according to their shame, those who say, ‘Aha! Aha!’” Ps 40:15 has the verb “humiliated” instead of “turned back” and adds “to me” after “say.”

May all those who seek you be happy and rejoice in you!
May those who love to experience
Heb “those who love,” which stands metonymically for its cause, the experience of being delivered by God.
your deliverance say continually,
The three prefixed verbal forms prior to the quotation are understood as jussives. The psalmist balances out his imprecation against his enemies with a prayer of blessing on the godly.

“May God
Ps 40:16 uses the divine name “Lord” here instead of “God.”
be praised!”
The prefixed verbal form is taken as a jussive, “may the Lord be magnified [in praise].” Another option is to take the verb as an imperfect, “the Lord is great.” See Ps 35:27.

I am oppressed and needy!
O God, hurry to me!
Ps 40:17 has “may the Lord pay attention to me.”

You are my helper and my deliverer!
O Lord,
Ps 40:17 has “my God” instead of “Lord.”
do not delay!

Psalm 71

Psalm 71. The psalmist prays for divine intervention and expresses his confidence that God will protect and vindicate him. The first three verses are very similar to Ps 31:1–3a.
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