1 Samuel 1

1Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim Zophim, of the hill country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite: 2and he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. 3This man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice to the  Lord of hosts
Hebrew: "Jehovah Tzevaot"
in Shiloh. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests to the  Lord, were there.
4When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: 5but to Hannah he gave a double portion; for he loved Hannah, but the  Lord had shut up her womb. 6Her rival taunted her severely, to irritate her, because the  Lord had shut up her womb. 7As he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the  Lord, so she taunted her; therefore she wept, and did not eat. 8Elkanah her husband said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? Why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?"

9So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drank. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his seat by the doorpost of the  Lord's temple. 10She was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the  Lord, and wept bitterly. 11She vowed a vow, and said, " Lord of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your handmaid, and remember me, and not forget your handmaid, but will give to your handmaid a boy, then I will give him to the  Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come on his head."

12It happened, as she continued praying before the  Lord, that Eli saw her mouth. 13Now Hannah spoke in her heart. Only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. 14Eli said to her, "How long will you make yourself drunk? Put away your wine from you."

15Hannah answered, "No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I poured out my soul before the  Lord. 16Do not count your handmaid as a worthless woman; for I have been speaking out of the abundance of my distress and my anguish."

17Then Eli answered, "Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked of him."

18She said, "Let your handmaid find favor in your sight." So the woman went her way, and ate; and her facial expression wasn't sad any more. 19They rose up in the morning early, and worshiped before the  Lord, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the  Lord remembered her.

20It happened, when the time had come, that Hannah conceived, and bore a son; and she named him Samuel,
Samuel sounds like the Hebrew for "heard by God"
saying, "Because I have asked him of the  Lord."

21The man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer to the  Lord the yearly sacrifice, and his vow. 22But Hannah did not go up; for she said to her husband, "Not until the child is weaned; then I will bring him, that he may appear before the  Lord, and stay there forever."

23Elkanah her husband said to her, "Do what seems good to you. Wait until you have weaned him; only may the  Lord establish his word."

So the woman waited and nursed her son, until she weaned him.
24When she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with a three year old bull,
DSS LXX. MT reads "three bulls" instead of "a three year old bull"
and one ephah
1 ephah is about 22 litres or about 2/3 of a bushel
of meal, and a bottle of wine, and brought him to the  Lord's house in Shiloh. The child was young.
25They killed the bull, and brought the child to Eli. 26She said, "Oh, my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood by you here, praying to the  Lord. 27For this child I prayed; and the  Lord has given me my petition which I asked of him. 28Therefore also I have granted him to the  Lord. As long as he lives he is granted to the  Lord." He worshiped the  Lord there.

Copyright information for NHM