1 Kings 7

Solomon builds his palace

It took Solomon thirteen years, however, to complete the construction of his palace. He built the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon a hundred cubits long, fifty wide and thirty high,
That is, about 45 metres long, 23 metres wide and 14 metres high
with four rows of cedar columns supporting trimmed cedar beams.
It was roofed with cedar above the beams that rested on the columns – forty-five beams, fifteen to a row. Its windows were placed high in sets of three, facing each other. All the doorways had rectangular frames; they were in the front part in sets of three, facing each other.
The meaning of the Hebrew for this verse is uncertain.

He made a colonnade fifty cubits long and thirty wide.
That is, about 23 metres long and 14 metres wide
In front of it was a portico, and in front of that were pillars and an overhanging roof.

He built the throne hall, the Hall of Justice, where he was to judge, and he covered it with cedar from floor to ceiling.
Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew floor
And the palace in which he was to live, set farther back, was similar in design. Solomon also made a palace like this hall for Pharaoh’s daughter, whom he had married.

All these structures, from the outside to the great courtyard and from foundation to eaves, were made of blocks of high-grade stone cut to size and smoothed on their inner and outer faces. 10 The foundations were laid with large stones of good quality, some measuring ten cubits
That is, about 4.5 metres; also in verse 23
and some eight.
That is, about 3.6 metres
11 Above were high-grade stones, cut to size, and cedar beams. 12 The great courtyard was surrounded by a wall of three courses of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams, as was the inner courtyard of the temple of the  Lord with its portico.

The temple’s furnishings

13 King Solomon sent to Tyre and brought Huram,
Hebrew Hiram, a variant of Huram; also in verses 40 and 45
14 whose mother was a widow from the tribe of Naphtali and whose father was from Tyre and a skilled craftsman in bronze. Huram was filled with wisdom, with understanding and with knowledge to do all kinds of bronze work. He came to King Solomon and did all the work assigned to him.

15 He cast two bronze pillars, each eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumference.
That is, about 8.1 metres high and 5.4 metres in circumference
16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubits
That is, about 2.3 metres; also in verse 23
17 A network of interwoven chains adorned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital. 18 He made pomegranates in two rows
Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts made the pillars, and there were two rows
encircling each network to decorate the capitals on top of the pillars.
Many Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts pomegranates
He did the same for each capital.
19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were in the shape of lilies, four cubits
That is, about 1.8 metres; also in verse 38
20 On the capitals of both pillars, above the bowl-shaped part next to the network, were the two hundred pomegranates in rows all around. 21 He erected the pillars at the portico of the temple. The pillar to the south he named Jakin
Jakin probably means he establishes.
and the one to the north Boaz.
Boaz probably means in him is strength.
22 The capitals on top were in the shape of lilies. And so the work on the pillars was completed.

23 He made the Sea of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubits from rim to rim and five cubits high. It took a line of thirty cubits
That is, about 14 metres
to measure round it.
24 Below the rim, gourds encircled it – ten to a cubit. The gourds were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.

25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were towards the centre. 26 It was a handbreadth
That is, about 7.5 centimetres
in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths.
That is, about 44,000 litres; the Septuagint does not have this sentence.

27 He also made ten movable stands of bronze; each was four cubits long, four wide and three high.
That is, about 1.8 metres long and wide and 1.4 metres high
28 This is how the stands were made: they had side panels attached to uprights. 29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim – and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work. 30 Each stand had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side. 31 On the inside of the stand there was an opening that had a circular frame one cubit
That is, about 45 centimetres
deep. This opening was round, and with its basework it measured a cubit and a half.
That is, about 68 centimetres; also in verse 32
Around its opening there was engraving. The panels of the stands were square, not round.
32 The four wheels were under the panels, and the axles of the wheels were attached to the stand. The diameter of each wheel was a cubit and a half. 33 The wheels were made like chariot wheels; the axles, rims, spokes and hubs were all of cast metal.

34 Each stand had four handles, one on each corner, projecting from the stand. 35 At the top of the stand there was a circular band half a cubit
That is, about 23 centimetres
deep. The supports and panels were attached to the top of the stand.
36 He engraved cherubim, lions and palm trees on the surfaces of the supports and on the panels, in every available space, with wreaths all around. 37 This is the way he made the ten stands. They were all cast in the same moulds and were identical in size and shape.

38 He then made ten bronze basins, each holding forty baths
That is, about 880 litres
and measuring four cubits across, one basin to go on each of the ten stands.
39 He placed five of the stands on the south side of the temple and five on the north. He placed the Sea on the south side, at the south-east corner of the temple. 40 He also made the pots
Many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Syriac and Vulgate (see also verse 45 and 2 Chron. 4:11); many other Hebrew manuscripts basins
and shovels and sprinkling bowls.

So Huram finished all the work he had undertaken for King Solomon in the temple of the  Lord:

41 the two pillars;
the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;
the two sets of network decorating the two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars;
42 the four hundred pomegranates for the two sets of network (two rows of pomegranates for each network decorating the bowl-shaped capitals on top of the pillars);
43 the ten stands with their ten basins;
44 the Sea and the twelve bulls under it;
45 the pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls.

All these objects that Huram made for King Solomon for the temple of the  Lord were of burnished bronze.
46 The king had them cast in clay moulds in the plain of the Jordan between Sukkoth and Zarethan. 47 Solomon left all these things unweighed, because there were so many; the weight of the bronze was not determined.

48 Solomon also made all the furnishings that were in the  Lord’s temple:
the golden altar;
the golden table on which was the bread of the Presence;
49 the lampstands of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary);
the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;
50 the pure gold dishes, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls, dishes and censers;
and the gold sockets for the doors of the innermost room, the Most Holy Place, and also for the doors of the main hall of the temple.

51 When all the work King Solomon had done for the temple of the  Lord was finished, he brought in the things his father David had dedicated – the silver and gold and the furnishings – and he placed them in the treasuries of the  Lord’s temple.

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