1 Samuel 2

Hannah’s prayer

1Then Hannah prayed and said:

‘My heart rejoices in the  Lord;
in the  Lord my horn
Horn here symbolises strength; also in verse 10.
is lifted high.
My mouth boasts over my enemies,
for I delight in your deliverance.
2‘There is no one holy like the  Lord;
there is no one besides you;
there is no Rock like our God.
3‘Do not keep talking so proudly
or let your mouth speak such arrogance,
for the  Lord is a God who knows,
and by him deeds are weighed.
4‘The bows of the warriors are broken,
but those who stumbled are armed with strength.
5Those who were full hire themselves out for food,
but those who were hungry are hungry no more.
She who was barren has borne seven children,
but she who has had many sons pines away.
6‘The  Lord brings death and makes alive;
he brings down to the grave and raises up.
7The  Lord sends poverty and wealth;
he humbles and he exalts.
8He raises the poor from the dust
and lifts the needy from the ash heap;
he seats them with princes
and makes them inherit a throne of honour.
‘For the foundations of the earth are the  Lord’s;
on them he has set the world.
9He will guard the feet of his faithful servants,
but the wicked will be silenced in the place of darkness.
‘It is not by strength that one prevails;
10those who oppose the  Lord will be broken.
The Most High will thunder from heaven;
the  Lord will judge the ends of the earth.
‘He will give strength to his king
and exalt the horn of his anointed.’

11Then Elkanah went home to Ramah, but the boy ministered before the  Lord under Eli the priest.

Eli’s wicked sons

12Eli’s sons were scoundrels; they had no regard for the  Lord. 13Now it was the practice of the priests that, whenever any of the people offered a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand while the meat was being boiled 14and would plunge the fork into the pan or kettle or cauldron or pot. Whatever the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh. 15But even before the fat was burned, the priest’s servant would come and say to the person who was sacrificing, ‘Give the priest some meat to roast; he won’t accept boiled meat from you, but only raw.’

16If the person said to him, ‘Let the fat be burned first, and then take whatever you want,’ the servant would answer, ‘No, hand it over now; if you don’t, I’ll take it by force.’

17This sin of the young men was very great in the  Lord’s sight, for they
Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text people
were treating the  Lord’s offering with contempt.

18But Samuel was ministering before the  Lord – a boy wearing a linen ephod. 19Each year his mother made him a little robe and took it to him when she went up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. 20Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, saying, ‘May the  Lord give you children by this woman to take the place of the one she prayed for and gave to
Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text and asked from
the  Lord.’ Then they would go home.
21And the  Lord was gracious to Hannah; she gave birth to three sons and two daughters. Meanwhile, the boy Samuel grew up in the presence of the  Lord.

22Now Eli, who was very old, heard about everything his sons were doing to all Israel and how they slept with the women who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 23So he said to them, ‘Why do you do such things? I hear from all the people about these wicked deeds of yours. 24No, my sons; the report I hear spreading among the  Lord’s people is not good. 25If one person sins against another, God
Or the judges
may mediate for the offender; but if anyone sins against the  Lord, who will intercede for them?’ His sons, however, did not listen to their father’s rebuke, for it was the  Lord’s will to put them to death.

26And the boy Samuel continued to grow in stature and in favour with the  Lord and with people.

Prophecy against the house of Eli

27Now a man of God came to Eli and said to him, ‘This is what the  Lord says: “Did I not clearly reveal myself to your ancestor’s family when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh? 28I chose your ancestor out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, and to wear an ephod in my presence. I also gave your ancestor’s family all the food offerings presented by the Israelites. 29Why do you
The Hebrew is plural.
scorn my sacrifice and offering that I prescribed for my dwelling? Why do you honour your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel?”

30‘Therefore the  Lord, the God of Israel, declares: “I promised that members of your family would minister before me for ever.” But now the  Lord declares: “Far be it from me! Those who honour me I will honour, but those who despise me will be disdained. 31The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your priestly house, so that no one in it will reach old age, 32and you will see distress in my dwelling. Although good will be done to Israel, no one in your family line will ever reach old age. 33Every one of you that I do not cut off from serving at my altar I will spare only to destroy your sight and sap your strength, and all your descendants will die in the prime of life.

34‘“And what happens to your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, will be a sign to you – they will both die on the same day. 35I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who will do according to what is in my heart and mind. I will firmly establish his priestly house, and they will minister before my anointed one always. 36Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a loaf of bread and plead, ‘Appoint me to some priestly office so that I can have food to eat.’”’

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