Genesis 10

The table of nations

This is the account of Shem, Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, who themselves had sons after the flood.

The Japhethites

The sons
Sons may mean descendants or successors or nations; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31.
of Japheth:
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras.
The sons of Gomer:
Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.
The sons of Javan:
Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.
Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text Dodanites
(From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)

The Hamites

The sons of Ham:
Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.
The sons of Cush:
Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteka.
The sons of Raamah:
Sheba and Dedan.

Cush was the father
Father may mean ancestor or predecessor or founder; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26.
of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth.
He was a mighty hunter before the  Lord; that is why it is said, ‘Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the  Lord.’ 10 The first centres of his kingdom were Babylon, Uruk, Akkad and Kalneh, in
Or Uruk and Akkad – all of them in
Shinar.
That is, Babylonia
11 From that land he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir,
Or Nineveh with its city squares
Calah
12 and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah – which is the great city.

13 Egypt was the father of
the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,
14 Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.
15 Canaan was the father of
Sidon his firstborn,
Or of the Sidonians, the foremost
and of the Hittites,
16 Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18 Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.

Later the Canaanite clans scattered
19 and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon towards Gerar as far as Gaza, and then towards Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.

20 These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.

The Semites

21 Sons were also born to Shem, whose elder brother was
Or Shem, the elder brother of
Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.

22 The sons of Shem:
Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.
23 The sons of Aram:
Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshek.
See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:17; Hebrew Mash.

24 Arphaxad was the father of
Hebrew; Septuagint father of Cainan, and Cainan was the father of
Shelah,
and Shelah the father of Eber.
25 Two sons were born to Eber:
One was named Peleg,
Peleg means division.
because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.
26 Joktan was the father of
Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28 Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29 Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.

30 The region where they lived stretched from Mesha towards Sephar, in the eastern hill country.

31 These are the sons of Shem by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.

32 These are the clans of Noah’s sons, according to their lines of descent, within their nations. From these the nations spread out over the earth after the flood.

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