Leviticus 23

The appointed festivals

The  Lord said to Moses, ‘Speak to the Israelites and say to them: “These are my appointed festivals, the appointed festivals of the  Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies.

The Sabbath

‘“There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a sabbath to the  Lord.

The Passover and Unleavened Bread

‘“These are the  Lord’s appointed festivals, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times: the  Lord’s Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month. On the fifteenth day of that month the  Lord’s Festival of Unleavened Bread begins; for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast. On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do not do any of your ordinary work. For seven days present a food offering to the  Lord. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do not do any of your ordinary work.”’

Offering the Firstfruits

The  Lord said to Moses, 10 ‘Speak to the Israelites and say to them: “When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest. 11 He is to wave the sheaf before the  Lord so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath. 12 On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the  Lord a lamb a year old without defect, 13 together with its grain offering of one fifth of an ephah
That is, probably about 3.2 kilograms; also in verse 17
of the finest flour mixed with olive oil – a food offering presented to the  Lord, a pleasing aroma – and its drink offering of a quarter of a hin
That is, about 1 litre
of wine.
14 You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain, until the very day you bring this offering to your God. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

The Festival of Weeks

15 ‘“From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count seven full weeks. 16 Count fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the  Lord. 17 From wherever you live, bring two loaves made of one fifth of an ephah of the finest flour, baked with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruits to the  Lord. 18 Present with this bread seven male lambs, each a year old and without defect, one young bull and two rams. They will be a burnt offering to the  Lord, together with their grain offerings and drink offerings – a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the  Lord. 19 Then sacrifice one male goat for a sin offering
Or purification offering
and two lambs, each a year old, for a fellowship offering.
20 The priest is to wave the two lambs before the  Lord as a wave offering, together with the bread of the firstfruits. They are a sacred offering to the  Lord for the priest. 21 On that same day you are to proclaim a sacred assembly and not do any ordinary work. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

22 ‘“When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Leave them for the poor and for the foreigner residing among you. I am the  Lord your God.”’

The Festival of Trumpets

23 The  Lord said to Moses, 24 ‘Say to the Israelites: “On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of sabbath rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. 25 Do not do any of your ordinary work, but present a food offering to the  Lord.”’

The Day of Atonement

26 The  Lord said to Moses, 27 ‘The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves,
Or and fast; similarly in verses 29 and 32
and present a food offering to the  Lord.
28 Do not do any work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the  Lord your God. 29 Those who do not deny themselves on that day must be cut off from their people. 30 I will destroy from among their people anyone who does any work on that day. 31 You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live. 32 It is a day of sabbath rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath.’

The Festival of Tabernacles

33 The  Lord said to Moses, 34 ‘Say to the Israelites: “On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the  Lord’s Festival of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. 35 The first day is a sacred assembly; do not do any of your ordinary work. 36 For seven days present food offerings to the  Lord, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present a food offering to the  Lord. It is the closing special assembly; do not do any of your ordinary work.

37 (‘“These are the  Lord’s appointed festivals, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing food offerings to the Lord – the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day. 38 These offerings are in addition to those for the  Lord’s Sabbaths and
Or These festivals are in addition to the Lord’s Sabbaths, and these offerings are
in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give to the  Lord.)

39 ‘“So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the  Lord for seven days; the first day is a day of sabbath rest, and the eighth day also is a day of sabbath rest. 40 On the first day you are to take branches from luxuriant trees – from palms, willows and other leafy trees – and rejoice before the  Lord your God for seven days. 41 Celebrate this as a festival to the  Lord for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 Live in temporary shelters for seven days: all native-born Israelites are to live in such shelters 43 so that your descendants will know that I made the Israelites live in temporary shelters when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the  Lord your God.”’

44 So Moses announced to the Israelites the appointed festivals of the  Lord.

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