Luke 19

The Entrance into Jerusalem SUMMARY OF LUKE 19: Zacchaeus the Publican. Parable of the Ten Pounds. The Royal Entry into Jerusalem. Weeping in Jerusalem. Cleansing the Temple. [Jesus] entered and passed through Jericho. He had crossed the Jordan at the ford beyond Jericho, and the road from thence to Jerusalem led through Jericho, "the city of palm trees", the chief city of all eastern Judea. It stood at the mouth of the gap in the mountain rampart, through which the road ascended to Jerusalem, more than 3,000 feet above the plain of Jericho. Zacchaeus . . . the chief among the publicans. The importance of Jericho and its situation would make it an important center for the collection of the Roman tribute. At the head of the publicans engaged in this business was Zacchaeus. He seems to have had supervision of the district.

He was rich. A very suspicious fact in a member of a class noted for their extortion.
Sought to see Jesus. Out of curiosity. Climbed up into a sycamore tree. A kind of mulberry fig with low branches. His shortness of stature and the crowd made this necessary if he would see Jesus. To day I must abide at thy house. Tarry there for the night. Jesus went there, not for congenial society, but because his mission was to seek and save the lost. Received him joyfully. He did not expect such an honor as the Great Teacher would stop with one of a class so despised by the Jews as his own. They all murmured. How often these complaints of Jesus stooping down at the company of sinners are recorded! Now, however, the crowd expected that at Jerusalem his kingdom would be proclaimed, but here he is the guest of the chief agent of the oppressive Roman tribute! Had Christ sought popularity he would never have gone with Zacchaeus. Zacchaeus stood, and said. The record is silent as what had wrought so great a change. No doubt the Lord had preached to him.

Half of my goods, I give to the poor. What greater proof of a change of heart! His heart had been on riches; now at once he consecrates one-half to the relief of suffering.

If I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation. He no doubt had, if half that is stated of the publicans was true.

I restore [him] fourfold. Not only what he has taken, but four times as much. No repentance that does not lead to restitution is genuine. "If what thou hast taken wrongfully cannot be restored to those who were wronged, give it to God; the poor are God's receivers".
This days is salvation come to this house. Because Zacchaeus has truly repented.

Forasmuch as he also is a son of Abraham. Therefore entitled to a place in the kingdom, according to the narrow Jewish ideas, but also now shown to be a spiritual son of Abraham, born not of the flesh, but of the spirit (Ga 3:7).
For the Son of man is come to seek and to save. Therefore he went to lodge with the publicans and the sinner in order to save. Because he was nigh to Jerusalem. From fifteen to twenty miles away. The crowd thought that when he reached Jerusalem "his kingdom would immediately appear"; an earthly kingdom like that of David. The parable that follows was spoken, in part, to correct that idea. A certain nobleman went into a far country. While this parable is much like that of the Talents (Mt 25:14-30 Mr 13:34-36), it is a different one in many particulars; spoken elsewhere, for a different purpose.

To receive for himself a kingdom. As Christ would leave the earth and ascend to heaven before he would receive his kingdom.
Delivered them ten pounds. Each a pound. The Greek term is "mina", a weight of silver equivalent to about sixteen dollars.

Occupy till I come. This was all given to be used. It was given to his servants. It represents whatever ability, whether of wealth or mind, that we have to serve Christ.
His citizens hated him. The Jews. After his departure, they still refused to have him for king. When he was returned. When he returns to reward his servants; his final coming.

Commanded these servants . . . to be called. To give an account. This is done at judgment. Death calls us to account also.
Thy pound hath gained ten pounds. It is the Lord's goods, faithfully used, that has given the increase. The faithful discharge of duty is rewarded by an increased trust and increased honor. See notes on Mt 25:19-23. Lord, behold, [here is] thy pound. See notes on Mt 25:24-27, where the case is similar. The lesson is that our abilities must be used for the Lord. It is not enough that we are not positively wicked; we must do good. Said unto them that stood by. The angels. Mt 13:41,42 2Th 1:7 Jude 1:14. Unto every one who hath shall be given. To those who have been faithful and efficient shall be given still greater trusts when the Lord comes, but from the faithless will be taken their opportunities forever. The faithless servant is a faithless church member. Those my enemies. This portrays the fate, not of church members, but of those who would not have the Lord reign over them. It embraces all the impenitent. Compare Mt 13:49 21:44 25:30 2Th 1:8-10. Ascending up to Jerusalem. The ascent begins at Jericho, and about 3,000 feet has to be climbed before the city is reached. The account of the royal entrance into Jerusalem is given in Mt 21:1-16 Mr 11:1-11 Joh 12:12-19. See the notes on Matthew. At the descent of the mount of Olives. Where the city and temple burst into view. He beheld the city, and wept over it. This lament over the wicked city is given only by Luke (Lu 19:41-44). In that moment when the multitude is shouting his praises, his heart is breaking over the woes of the city that he knew would slay him. Only in one other place are we told that Jesus wept (Joh 11:35), each time over human sorrow. If thou hadst known . . . in this thy day. The day of opportunity and mercy. But their eyes were blinded by unbelief.

The things [which belong] unto thy peace. The acceptance of Christ would have prevented the rebellion against Rome, the destruction of the city, and would have secured heavenly as well as earthly peace.
Thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee. The Romans threw a wall around the city outside of the walls of defense in order to hem in all the population and to starve them out. Shall not leave in thee one stone upon another. The city was utterly destroyed. See notes on Mt 24:2,6,21,34.

Because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation. When Christ came to save them from their awful fate.
Began to cast out them that sold. An act of kingly authority. See notes on Mt 21:12-15 Mr 11:18-19. For all the people were very attentive to hear him. His popularity with the people made it difficult for his enemies to carry out their purposes.
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