Luke 22

The Last Supper SUMMARY OF LUKE 22: The Rulers Take Steps to Slay the Lord. Judas Bargains to Betray Christ. The Passover Prepared. The Lord's Supper Instituted. The Traitor Pointed Out. Exhortation to the Apostles.

The feast of unleavened bread. The Passover, so called because no leavened bread was eaten during the passover week.
The chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him. Tried to devise means to accomplish this without exciting the multitude. See Mt 26:1-5. Then entered Satan into Judas. He gave himself up to do the work of Satan. See notes on Mt 26:14-16. Then came the day of unleavened bread. Josephus calls both the fourteenth and fifteenth of Nisan, "the day of unleavened bread". I have followed Neander, Tischendorf, Winer, Alford, Ellicott, Erasmus, Grotius, Calvin and others in the view that the Lord's passover was eaten one day before the Jews ate theirs, and that he died about the time that the paschal lambs were slain for the Jews' passover. See notes on Joh 18:28 19:31. Where wilt thou that we prepare? On the preparation for the Passover, see notes on Mt 26:17-19. A large upper room furnished. The upper room was usually the guest chamber. When the hour was come. There are four accounts of the institution of the Lord's Supper: Mt 26:26-30 Mr 14:22-25 1Co 11:23-25. See notes on Matthew. Him that betrayeth me. The incident concerning the betrayal mentioned in these verses occurred before the Lord's Supper was eaten (Mt 26:21). It seems probable, from Joh 13:21-35, that Judas left before the supper On this passage, see notes on Mt 26:21-25. There was also a strife among them. This contention probably arose while they were taking seats for the paschal meal, each seeking the chief place. It was rebuked by the Lord washing their feet (Joh 13:3-5). See notes on Mt 18:1-4. Benefactors. This very title has often been conferred on Gentile rulers, as Ptolemy "Euergetes", "Ptolemy, the Benefactor", one of the kings of Egypt. Ye [shall] not [be] so. Greatness shall be sought by serving. He is greatest who serves the world best. I appoint unto you a kingdom. A kingdom to be secured, not by conquering and ruling, but humility, self-denial, and service. "He that humbleth himself shall be exalted" (Mt 18:14). That ye may eat and drink, etc. Thus shall the apostles be entitled to eat at the Lord's table in the kingdom, and to sit on thrones, etc. They attained these thrones, but they are spiritual, rather than temporal.

See PNT Mt 19:28.
Simon, Simon. For the warning to Peter of his Denial of the Lord, see Mt 26:31-35. Compare Mr 14:27-31. When I sent you without purse. See Mt 10:9-15 Mr 6:8,9. But now. Now has come a time of trial when all will be against you.

He that hath no sword, let him . . . buy one. Not to be taken literally, but a striking way of saying that enemies upon every side will assail them.
He was reckoned among the transgressors. This, quoted from Isa 53:12, was about to be fulfilled in him. Here [are] two swords. How they come to be in their possession is not told.

It is enough. This is a dismissal of the subject, not a warrant for their use. That was rebuked when Peter resorted to one (Mt 26:52-54).
Went . . . to the Mount of Olives. For the Agony in Gethsemane, see notes on Mt 26:36-46. Compare Mr 14:32-42. Being in agony. Luke alone mentions that "his sweat became as great drops of blood", a fact that portrays, as language could not, the agony of our Lord's struggle. Behold a multitude. For notes on the Betrayal and Seizure of Jesus, see Mt 26:47-56. Compare Mr 14:43-52 Joh 18:1-12. The Denial of Peter is recorded here, in Mt 26:69-75 Mr 14:66-72 and Joh 18:15-27. See notes on Matthew's account. Mocked him, and smote [him], etc. For notes on these indignities, see PNT Mt 26:67. As soon as it was day. The Lord had already been examined by Annas, and tried and condemned before Caiaphas in the night. To make it legal a meeting had to be held after daylight. See notes on Mt 26:57-68.

The elders of the people. "The assembly of the elders of the people" (Revised Version). The Sanhedrin.

Led him into their council. Before the formal meeting of the body. This is the second time Jesus was before it and the second condemnation.
Art thou the Christ? He had already answered in the night and been condemned (Mt 26:63-64). His reply here is a protest. Art thou then the Son of God? To this he answered directly, and on this they condemned him. The charge was blasphemy in saying that he was the Son of God.
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