Mark 12A Day of Controversy SUMMARY OF MARK 12: The Vineyard and the Wicked Husbandmen. Prophecy of the Calling of the Gentiles. The Herodians and Pharisees. Tribute to Caesar. The Sadducees and the Resurrection. Which Is the Greatest Commandment?. The Son of David, David's Lord. Beware of the Scribes. The Widow's Mite.He began to speak unto them ny parables. A series of parables, given more fully by Matthew, outlining the sins and fate of the stubborn Jewish nation.A [certain] man planted a vineyard. For notes on this parable, see Mt 21:33-46. Compare Lu 20:9-19. They send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians. For notes on the effort to entrap Jesus on the matter of tribute to Caesar, see Mt 22:15-22. Compare Lu 20:20-26. Then come unto him the Sadducees. For notes on this interview with the Sadducees, see Mt 22:23-33. Compare Lu 20:27-40. One of the scribes came. See notes on Mt 22:34-40. Matthew adds that the scribe asked his question, "tempting him" (Mt 22:35); that is, "testing him". Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. This commendation, not given by Matthew, is given because the scribe had declared that outward obedience amounted to nothing unless the heart was right. Pharisaism consisted of forms and paid little attention to love, mercy, and purity of heart. Alford says: ``This man had hold of that principle in which law and gospel are one. He stood, as it were, at the door of the kingdom of God. He only wanted (but the want was indeed a serious one) repentance and faith to be "within" it. The Lord shows us here, that even outside his flock, those who can answer discreetly, who have knowledge of the "spirit" of the great command of law and gospel, are nearer to being of his flock than the formalists; but then, as Bengel adds, "If thou art not far off, enter; otherwise it were better than thou wert far off".'' How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David? See notes on Mt 22:41-46. The common people heard him gladly. Mark adds to Matthew's account (Mt 22:41-46). Not the Pharisees, scribes, Sadducees or rulers, but the common people, of whom the Pharisees were wont to say, "This people who know not the law and are cursed" (Joh 7:49). We have many hints of the favor with which Christ was regarded by the people. Beware of the scribes. Mark gives in three verses his report of the wonderful discourse recorded in Matthew, chapter 23. These three verses are parallel to Mt 23:5,6,14. See notes there. Compare Lu 20:45-47.Love to go in long clothing. Peculiar to Mark. Long, flowing robes, reaching to the feet, similar to those worn by Romish priests, and were worn by the scribes as a kind of professional attire, in order to attract attention. When Christ sent his apostles out to preach, he directed that they should be clothed as the common people (Mr 6:9 Mt 10:10). The "scribes", ancient and modern, love display, showing themselves off in the chief places of concourse. They love appellations of honor and respect, such as Rabbi, Father, Master, Teacher. Men often profess a desire to magnify their office, when in truth they want to magnify themselves. They love robes that advertise to every one that they are separate from the rest of the people. Jesus sat over against the treasury. This incident of the widow's mites is omitted by Matthew, but given in Lu 21:1-4. It is given as a contrast to the hypocrisy of the scribes.Treasury. A name given by the rabbis to thirteen chests, called trumpets, from their shape, which stood in the court of the women, at the entrance to the treasure-chamber. Lightfoot says: ``Nine chests were for the appointed temple tribute, and for the sacrifice-tribute; that is, money-gifts instead of the sacrifices; four chests for free-will offerings, for wood, incense, temple decoration, and burnt offerings.''Beheld how the people cast money. Jesus still takes note of our offerings. Before the passover, free-will offerings, in addition to the temple tax, were made. There came a certain poor widow. Here, as in other places in the Bible, we must remember the exceedingly depressed and dependent condition of a poor man's widow in the countries where our Lord was. The expression is almost proverbial for one very badly off, and most unlikely to contribute anything to a charitable purpose.Two mites. The smallest of Jewish coins, about the value of one-fifth of a cent. It took its name from its extreme smallness, being derived from the adjective "lepton", signifying "thin".A farthing. Mark (not Luke) adds for his Roman readers an explanation, using a Greek word, "kodrantes", (taken from the Latin "quadrans"), meaning the fourth part, as our word "farthing" does. The value is only of importance as showing upon how minute a gift our Lord pronounced this splendid panegyric, which might be envied by a Croesus or a Rothschild. Cast more in than all. Note the word "more"--proportionately, to-wit, to her means, and thus more in the estimation of God, who measures quantity by quality. For. The worth of a gift is to be determined, not by intrinsic value, but "by what it costs" the giver. The measure of that cost is what is "left", not what is given. For the widow to give her mites was noble; for one well off to give "his mite" is contemptible.All that she had, [even] all her living. Out of her want, out of her destitution, she has cast in all that (in cash) she possessed--her whole (present) means of subsistence. In love she devoted all of God, with strong faith in his providential care.
Copyright information for PNT
Welcome to STEP Bible
From Tyndale House, Cambridge UK
Use the search box to find Bibles, commentaries, passages, search terms, etc. Here are some examples:
This shows how to quickly lookup a passage.
Looking up a passage in three different translations is also easy.
This asks STEP to search for the Greek word for 'brother' and show the results in the ESV.
This example runs both a 'Hebrew word search' and a 'Text' search and shows the results in both the NIV and ESV.
You can mix most searches. This finds any word translated as 'throne' in the Prophets and the New Testament, but only in verses concerning the topic 'David'. This excludes verses which refer to a 'throne' in other contexts.
Interlinear Hebrew & Greek is available for some translations with grammar (and more soon). To reverse the interlinear order, click on a version abbreviation under the verse number.
© Tyndale House, Cambridge, UK - 2018