Exodus 12

first month

i.e. April.


The Passover, type of Christ our Redeemer Exodus 12:1-28; John 1:29; 1 Corinthians 5:6,7; 1 Peter 1:18,19.

(1) The lamb must be without blemish, and to test this it was kept up for four days Exodus 12:5,6. So our Lord's public life, under hostile scrutiny, was the testing which proved his holiness ; Luke 11:53,54; John 8:46; 18:38.

(2) The Lamb thus tested must be slain Exodus 12:6; John 12:24; Hebrews 9:22.

(3) The blood must be applied Exodus 12:7 This answers to appropriation by personal faith, and refutes universalism John 3:36.

(4) The blood thus applied of itself, without anything, constituted a perfect protection from judgment Exodus 12:13; 1 John 1:7; Hebrews 10:10,14.

(5) The feast typified Christ as the bread of life, answering to the memorial supper. Matthew 26:26-28; 1 Corinthians 11:23-26. To observe the feast was a duty and privilege, but not a condition of safety. As a matter of fact, the bread was not eaten by the Israelites on the night in which, nevertheless, they were preserved from the judgment upon the firstborn. Exodus 12:34-39.


This mixed multitude, standing for unconverted church-members, was a source of weakness and division, then as now Numbers 11:4-6. (See Scofield "Numbers 11:4") . There had been a manifestation of divine power, and men were drawn to it without change of heart. CF. Luke 14:25-27.

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