Isaiah 41

the righteous man from the east

The reference here seems to be to Cyrus, whose victories and rapid growth in power are here ascribed to the providence of God. Isaiah 41:5-7 describe the effect upon the nations of the rise of the Persian power. They heartened each other, and made (Is 41:7) new idols. At verse 8 the prophet addresses Israel. Since it was their God who raised up Cyrus, they should expect good, not evil, from him (Isaiah 41:8-20). Isaiah 41:21-24 form a contemptuous challenge to the idols in whom the nations are trusting.

servant

Three servants of Jehovah are mentioned in Isaiah:

(1) David Isaiah 37:35

(2) Israel the nation Isaiah 41:8-16; 43:1-10 ; 44:1-8,21; 45:4; 48:20

(3) Messiah Isaiah 42:1-12, Is 49., entire chapter, but note especially Isaiah 49:5-7, where the Servant Christ restores the servant nation; Isaiah 50:4-6; 52:13-15 53:1-12. Israel the nation was a faithless servant, but restored and converted will yet thresh mountains. Against the Servant Christ no charge of unfaithfulness or failure is brought. (See Scofield "Isaiah 42:1") .

redeemed

Heb. "goel," Redemp. (Kinsman type). (See Scofield "Isaiah 59:20") .

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