Luke 20#Lu 20:1| CVIII. IN REPLY TO THE QUESTIONS AS TO HIS AUTHORITY, JESUS GIVES THE THIRD GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (In the Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) A. INTRODUCTION. #Mt 21:23-27 Mr 11:27-33 Lu 20:1-8| As he was teaching the people in the temple. See TFG "#Mr 11:27|". And preaching the gospel. Namely: "the time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye" (#Mr 1:15|). The chief priests and the scribes with the elders. See TFG "#Mr 11:27|". (TFG 386) #Lu 20:2| Tell us: By what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority? See TFG "#Mr 11:28|". #Lu 20:4| The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men? See TFG "#Mr 11:30|". #Lu 20:5| If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why did ye not believe him? See TFG "#Mr 11:31|". #Lu 20:6| But if we shall say, From men; all the people will stone us: for they are persuaded that John was a prophet. See TFG "#Mr 11:32|". #Lu 20:7| And they answered, that they knew not whence it was. See TFG "#Mr 11:33|". #Lu 20:8| Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things. See TFG "#Mr 11:33|". #Lu 20:9| CVIII. IN REPLY TO THE QUESTIONS AS TO HIS AUTHORITY, JESUS GIVES THE THIRD GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (In the Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) C. PARABLE OF THE WICKED HUSBANDMEN. #Mt 21:33-46 Mr 12:1-12 Lu 20:9-19| And he began to speak unto the people. Not the rulers. This parable. See TFG "#Mr 12:1|". #Lu 20:10-13| And at the season he sent unto the husbandmen a servant, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard. See TFG "#Mr 12:2|". But the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. See TFG "#Mr 12:3|". #Lu 20:13| What shall I do? See #Isa 5:4|. I will send my beloved son; it may be they will reverence him. See TFG "#Mr 12:6|". (TFG 592) #Lu 20:14| This is the heir; let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. See TFG "#Mr 11:7|". #Lu 20:15| And they cast him forth out of the vineyard, and killed him. See TFG "#Mr 12:8|". #Lu 20:16| Jesus said, He will come and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid. Part of the multitude, hearing only the story, pronounced unhesitatingly the judgment which ought to be inflicted upon such evil-doers, and Jesus confirmed their judgment (#Lu 20:17,18|). But others, perceiving the meaning underlying the parable, shrank from accepting what would otherwise have been to them a very proper ending, and said, Mee genoito, which means literally, "Be it not so," and which might properly be paraphrased by our emphatic "Never!" but which the Revisers in translating have, with small warrant, seen fit to paraphrase by using the semi-profane expression, "God forbid." There are fourteen such mistranslations in the epistles of Paul according to the King James Version (#Ro 3:4,6,31 6:2,15 7:7,13 9:14 11:1 1Co 6:15 Ga 2:17 3:21 6:14|), and only one of them (#Ga 6:14|), is corrected in the Revised Version. In defense of these translations it is asserted that the phrase is an idiomatic invocation of the Deity, but the case can not be made out, since the Deity is not addressed. (TFG 593) #Lu 20:17| But he looked upon them. Thus emphasizing the fact that they had repudiated a most just decree. His look, doubtless, resembled that of a parent surprised at the outspoken rebellion of his children. The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner? See TFG "#Mr 12:10|". (TFG 593) #Lu 20:18| Every one that falleth on that stone shall be broken to pieces; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust. See TFG "#Mt 21:44|". #Lu 20:19| And the scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him in that very hour, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:12|". #Lu 20:20| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) A. PHARISEES AND HERODIANS ASK ABOUT TRIBUTE. #Mt 22:15-22 Mr 12:13-17 Lu 20:20-26| And they watched him, and sent forth spies. See TFG "#Mr 12:13|". Who feigned themselves to be righteous. Sincere seekers after truth. That they might take hold of his speech, so as to deliver him up to the rule and to the authority of the governor. Pontius Pilate was the governor. We are not surprised at the destruction of Jerusalem when we see the religious teachers of the nation employing their young disciples in such a work as this. To play detective and entrap a rogue in his speech and thus become a man-hunter is debasing enough; but to seek thus to entrap a righteous man is simply diabolical. (TFG 598) #Lu 20:21| Teacher, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, and acceptest not the person of any, but of a truth teachest the way of God. See TFG "#Mr 12:14|". #Lu 20:22| Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? See TFG "#Mr 12:14|". #Lu 20:23| But he perceived their craftiness. See TFG "#Mr 12:15|". #Lu 20:24| Show me a denarius. See TFG "#Mr 12:15|". Whose image and superscription hath it? And they said, Caesar's. See TFG "#Mr 12:16|". #Lu 20:25| Then render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's. See TFG "#Mr 12:17|". #Lu 20:26| And they marvelled at his answer. See TFG "#Mr 12:17|". #Lu 20:27| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) B. SADDUCEES ASK ABOUT THE RESURRECTION. #Mt 22:23-33 Mr 12:18-27 Lu 20:27-39| Sadducees. See TFG "#Mr 12:18|". #Lu 20:28| If a man's brother die, having a wife, and he be childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. See TFG "#Mr 12:19|". #Lu 20:33| In the resurrection therefore whose wife of them shall she be? for the seven had her to wife. See TFG "#Mr 12:23|". #Lu 20:35| But they that are accounted worthy to attain to that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage. See TFG "#Mr 12:25|". #Lu 20:37| But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:26|". #Lu 20:38| Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living. See TFG "#Mr 12:27|". #Lu 20:39| Teacher, thou hast well said. Some of the scribes of less bitter spirit could not refrain from expressing their admiration at the ease with which Jesus answered an argument which their own wisdom could not refute. See also #Mr 12:32|. (TFG 602) #Lu 20:40| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) C. A LAWYER ASKS ABOUT THE GREAT COMMANDMENT. #Mt 22:34-40 Mr 12:28-34 Lu 20:40| For they durst not any more ask him any question. See TFG "#Mr 12:34|". #Lu 20:41| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) D. JESUS' QUESTION WHICH NONE COULD ANSWER. #Mt 22:41-46 Mr 12:35-37 Lu 20:41-44| How say they that the Christ is David's son? See TFG "#Mr 12:35|". #Lu 20:42| For David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand. See "Mr 12:36". #Lu 20:45| CX. JESUS' LAST DISCOURSE. DENUNCIATION OF SCRIBES AND PHARISEES. (In the court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) #Mt 23:1-39 Mr 12:38-40 Lu 20:45-47| And in the hearing of all the people he said unto his disciples. See TFG "#Mt 23:1|". #Lu 20:46| Beware of the scribes. See TFG "#Mt 23:2|". Who desire to walk in long robes. See TFG "#Mr 12:38|". And love salutations in the marketplaces, and chief seats in the synagogues. See TFG "#Lu 11:43|". And chief places at feasts. See TFG "#Lu 14:7|". #Lu 20:47| Who devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater condemnation. See TFG "#Mr 12:40|".
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