Luke 24#Lu 24:1| CXXXIV. ANGELS ANNOUNCE THE RESURRECTION TO CERTAIN WOMEN. PETER AND JOHN ENTER THE EMPTY TOMB. (Joseph's Garden. Sunday, very early.) #Mt 28:1-8 Mr 16:1-8 Lu 24:1-8,12 Joh 20:1-10| Bringing the spices which they had prepared. See TFG "#Lu 23:56|". #Lu 24:8| And they remembered his words. For the words referred to, see #Mt 17:22,23|. #Lu 24:9| CXXXV. FIRST AND SECOND APPEARANCES OF THE RISEN CHRIST. THE RESURRECTION REPORTED TO THE APOSTLES. (Jerusalem. Sunday morning.) #Mt 28:9,10 Mr 16:9-11 Lu 24:9-11 Joh 20:11-18| #Lu 24:10| Now they were Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James: and the other women with them told these things unto the apostles. See TFG "#Mr 16:11|". #Lu 24:11| And they disbelieved them. See TFG "#Mr 16:11|". #Lu 24:12| But Peter arose, and ran unto the tomb. John shows that he and Peter started for the tomb as soon as they received the message of Mary Magdalene (#Joh 20:2|), but Luke is less exact, blending her message with that of the other women, as will be seen in the latter part of Section CXXXV (Topic 9009). (TFG 741) #Lu 24:13| CXXXVII. THIRD AND FOURTH APPEARANCES OF JESUS. (Sunday afternoon.) #Mr 16:12,13 Lu 24:13-35 1Co 15:5| To a village called Emmaus. Several sites have been suggested, but the village of Emmaus has not yet been identified beyond dispute. Its location is probably marked by the ruins called el Kubeibeh, which lies northwest of Jerusalem. Which was threescore furlongs from Jerusalem. El Kubeibeh is distant seven and thirteen-sixteenths of a mile, or sixty-two and one-half furlongs, from Jerusalem. (TFG 748) #Lu 24:16| But their eyes were holden that they should not know him. Jesus himself designedly restrained their vision, that, unlike John (#Joh 20:8,9|), that might see the resurrection of Jesus in the Scriptures before they saw it in reality. Also see TFG "Joh 20:14". (TFG 748) #Lu 24:17| What communications are these that ye have one with another, as ye walk? Our Lord's abrupt question brought them to a standstill. We may well imagine that they considered his interruption very unwelcome. But his kindly mien won their confidence and they tell him all. (TFG 748) #Lu 24:18| And one of them, named Cleopas, answering said unto him, Dost thou alone sojourn in Jerusalem and not know the things which are come to pass there in these days? Of Cleopas nothing further is known. It has been suggested that the other disciple was Luke himself. This is possible, for the other Evangelists mention themselves thus impersonally. The preface to Luke's Gospel (#Lu 1:1-4|) in no way forbids us to think that he had a personal knowledge of parts of Christ's ministry. Cleopas marveled that there could be a single man in Jerusalem who had not heard concerning the crucifixion, etc. (TFG 749) #Lu 24:21| But we hoped that it was he who should redeem Israel. To Cleopas, redeeming Israel meant freeing the nation from the Roman yoke. (TFG 749) #Lu 24:22,23| Moreover certain women of our company amazed us, having been early at the tomb. Rationalists might see their own reflection in these two disciples, who suppressed the statement of the women that they had seen the Lord as too idle to be repeated, and told the least marvelous part of their story--that about the angels--as too visionary to be credited. Thus the renowned Renan held that the resurrection was a story or fabrication which grew out of the hallucination of Mary Magdalene. But these two men on the way to Emmaus had less use for feminine hallucinations than even M. Renan. But in the end they believed in the resurrection because they themselves had substantial evidence of it. (TFG 749) #Lu 24:24| And certain of them that were with us went to the tomb, and found it even so as the women had said. Peter and John (#Lu 24:12 Joh 20:3|). But him they saw not. The last clause unconsciously suggests the omitted fact that the women had professed to see Christ. (TFG 749) #Lu 24:27| And beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, he interpreted to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. The counsel of the Father revealed in the Scriptures shows that Jesus should enter into his glory through suffering. The books of Moses foretell Christ largely in types, such, as the passover, the rock in the wilderness, Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac, the day of atonement, etc., but the prophets show him forth in clear-cut predictions and descriptions. Jesus evidently applied both these divisions of Scripture to himself, making it plain to these two who were both thoughtless in mind and slow in heart. Those lacking in a knowledge of the Christology of the Old Testament are slow to believe in it. Those who know that Christology, and yet doubt the Old Testament, do so because they lack faith in the Christ therein portrayed. (TFG 750) #Lu 24:29| And they constrained him, saying, Abide with us. They were loth to part with this delightful stranger who by his wonderful use of the Scriptures revived their failing faith and hope in Jesus. (TFG 750) #Lu 24:31| Their eyes were opened. See TFG "#Lu 24:16|". And they knew him. While he was breaking the bread to supply their bodies he opened their eyes and revealed to them that it was he also who had just been feeding their hungry hearts with the truth and consolation of the divine word. See TFG "#Lu 24:35|". (TFG 750) #Lu 24:32| Was not our heart burning within us, while he spake to us in the way, while he opened to us the scriptures? Thus they admit to each other that the joy of beholding the risen Lord was but the consummation of a joy already begun through a right understanding of the truth contained in Scripture. The sight of the Lord was sweeter because it was preceded by faith that he ought thus to rise. (TFG 750-751) #Lu 24:33| And they rose up that very hour, and returned to Jerusalem. See TFG "#Mr 16:13|". And found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them. The women and some of the one hundred and twenty (#Ac 1:15|). (TFG 751) #Lu 24:34| The Lord is risen indeed. His resurrection is not an hallucination of the women. And hath appeared to Simon. Paul and Luke both mention this appearance, but we have none of the details of it (#1Co 15:5|). (TFG 751) #Lu 24:35| And they rehearsed . . . how he was known of them in the breaking of the bread. This does not mean that they knew Jesus because of any peculiar way in which he broke the bread; it means that he was revealed at the time when he broke it (#Lu 24:30,31|). (TFG 751) #Lu 24:36| CXXXVIII. FIFTH APPEARANCE OF JESUS. (Jerusalem. Sunday evening.) #Mr 16:14 Lu 24:36-43 Joh 20:19-25| And as they spake these things. While the two from Emmaus were telling their story. (TFG 752) #Lu 24:37| But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they beheld a spirit. Jesus' entrance through a bolted door (#Joh 20:19|) lent weight to their idea that he had no corporeal body. They knew nothing of the possibilities of a resurrected body. (TFG 752) #Lu 24:40| And when he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet. These members not only showed that he was not a disembodied spirit, but they served to identify his body with that which they had seen crucified, and hence the person who now spoke was the Jesus whom they had known and lost. See also #Joh 20:20|. (TFG 752) #Lu 24:43| And he took it, and ate before them. Thus at last satisfying them that he was not a ghost. (TFG 752) #Lu 24:44| CXLIII. NINTH AND TENTH APPEARANCES OF JESUS. (Jerusalem.) #Lu 24:44-49 Ac 1:3-8 1Co 15:7| These are my words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you. That is, these recent events are simply what I told you should come to pass according to the Scriptures, but ye did not understand. The phrase, "while I was yet," etc., shows that in the mind of Jesus, he was already parted from them, and his presence was the exception and not the rule. (TFG 764) #Lu 24:45| Then opened he their mind, that they might understand the scriptures. Some think that this illumination was of a miraculous nature, and confound it with what the Lord is said to have done at #Joh 20:22|, but #Lu 24:46| suggests that he did it by discourse, just as he had done it already to the two on the way to Emmaus (#Lu 24:27|). (TFG 765) #Lu 24:46| CXLII. THE GREAT COMMISSION GIVEN. (Time and place same as last section.) #Mt 28:18-20 Mr 16:15-18 Lu 24:46,47| Thus it is written, etc. The verses from Luke are taken from a later conversation, which will be handled in our next section. They are inserted here because they are an indicative statement of the commission which Matthew and Mark give in the imperative, and a section professing to embrace the commission would be imperfect without them. (TFG 762) CXLIII. NINTH AND TENTH APPEARANCES OF JESUS (continued) That the Christ should suffer, and rise again from the dead the third day. Both the written prophecy and the unwritten nature of things required that Christ should do as he had done. The saying forms an important credential for the Book of Jonah; where else have we the period of three days fixed as the time between our Lord's burial and resurrection? (#Mt 12:38-40|). (TFG 765) #Lu 24:47| And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name unto all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. Luke sums up the whole commission by recording the words of Christ, wherein he states that he suffered that it might be preached to all nations that if men would repent, God could now forgive (#Ro 3:26|). From Luke's record we also learn that the preaching of these glad tidings was to begin at Jerusalem. (TFG 763) #Lu 24:50| CXLIV. THE ASCENSION. (Olivet, between Jerusalem and Bethany.) #Mr 16:19,20 Lu 24:50-53 Ac 1:9-12| #Lu 24:51| And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he parted from them, and was carried up into heaven. It is significant that our Lord's gesture, when last seen of men, was one of blessing. (TFG 766)
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