Matthew 22#Mt 22:1| CVIII. IN REPLY TO THE QUESTIONS AS TO HIS AUTHORITY, JESUS GIVES THE THIRD GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (In the Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) D. PARABLE OF THE MARRIAGE OF THE KING'S SON. #Mt 22:1-14| And Jesus answered and spake again in parables unto them. This parable is very much like the one given in #Lu 14:16-24|. NOTE.--I regard this parable as a remodeling of the parable given by Luke, the changes being made to suit the changed relation between Jesus and his auditors. In the parable in Luke, God is represented as one who invites us as a friend, and whose invitation is simply disregarded. Since the speaking of that parable, the situation had become more tense and the relations more strained, and hence the parable takes on a more severe form. The host is not to be disregarded, for he is a king, and the supper is not to be despised, for it is a marriage supper. The invitation, therefore, savors of commandment, and while some still continue to treat it with indifference, others feel the constraint of the invitation and reject it in a spirit of rebellion which manifests itself in violence toward the king's servants. The king, in turn, is moved by this to retaliate, and visits upon the offenders an overwhelming judgment.--P. Y. P. (TFG 595-596) #Mt 22:11| He saw there a man. This one man is a type of many. See #Mt 22:14|. (TFG 596) #Mt 22:12| How camest thou in hither not having a wedding-garment? We are of the opinion that the king furnished upper garments to his guests. But the antiquity of this custom is disputed. See Meyer, Lange and Trench, etc. in loco. However, the fact is immaterial, for the man was speechless--without excuse--which shows that he could have had a garment from some source had he chosen to wear it. (TFG 596) #Mt 22:13| Bind him hand and foot. The phrase suggests the impossibility of escaping from divine judgment. And cast him out into outer darkness. The outdoor darkness: wedding feasts were usually held at night. (TFG 596) #Mt 22:14| For many are called, but few chosen. Many guests are invited, but few are accepted; because some neglect and despise the invitation, and others cast dishonor upon the one who invites, by the self-willed and irreverent way in which they accept his invitation. In this parable the first parties invited represent the Jews; the city of murderers is Jerusalem; the persons called from the highways are the Gentiles; the entrance of the king is the coming of the Lord to final judgment; and the man without the wedding-garment is anyone who will be found in the church without a suitable character. The character of Christ is our wedding-garment, and all the regenerated must wear it (#Eph 4:24 Col 3:10 Ga 3:27 Joh 3:5 Re 19:8,9|). (TFG 596-597) #Mt 22:15| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) A. PHARISEES AND HERODIANS ASK ABOUT TRIBUTE. #Mt 22:15-22 Mr 12:13-17 Lu 20:20-26| Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might ensnare him in his talk. See TFG "#Mr 12:13|". #Mt 22:16| The Herodians. See TFG "#Mr 12:13|". Master, we know that thou art true, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:14|". #Mt 22:17| Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? See TFG "#Mr 12:14|". #Mt 22:18| Why make ye trial of me, ye hypocrites? See TFG "#Mr 12:15|". #Mt 22:19| Show me the tribute money, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:15|". #Mt 22:20| Whose is this image and superscription? See TFG "#Mr 12:16|". #Mt 22:21| Render therefore unto Caesar, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:17|". #Mt 22:22| They marvelled. See TFG "#Mr 12:17|". #Mt 22:23| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) B. SADDUCEES ASK ABOUT THE RESURRECTION. #Mt 22:23-33 Mr 12:18-27 Lu 20:27-39| Sadducees. See TFG "#Mr 12:18|". #Mt 22:24| If a man die, having no children, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:19|". #Mt 22:28| In the resurrection therefore whose wife shall she be of the seven? See TFG "#Mr 12:23|". #Mt 22:29| Ye do err, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:24|". #Mt 22:30| They neither marry, nor are given in marriage. See TFG "#Mr 12:25|". #Mt 22:31| But as touching the resurrection of the dead, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:26|". #Mt 22:32| I am the God of Abraham, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:26|". God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. See TFG "#Mr 12:27|". #Mt 22:34| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) C. A LAWYER ASKS ABOUT THE GREAT COMMANDMENT. #Mt 22:34-40 Mr 12:28-34 Lu 20:40| #Mt 22:35| And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, trying him. See TFG "#Mr 12:28|". #Mt 22:36| Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law? See TFG "#Mr 12:28|". #Mt 22:37| Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:30|". #Mt 22:38| This is the great and first commandment. See TFG "#Mr 12:29|". #Mt 22:39| Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. See TFG "#Mr 12:31|". #Mt 22:40| On these two commandments the whole law hangeth, and the prophets. See TFG "#Mr 12:31|". #Mt 22:41| CIX. JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) D. JESUS' QUESTION WHICH NONE COULD ANSWER. #Mt 22:41-46 Mr 12:35-37 Lu 20:41-44| #Mt 22:42| What think ye of the Christ? whose son is he? See TFG "#Mr 12:35|". They say unto him, The Son of David. The answer was true, but it was not all the truth as the Scriptures themselves showed. And this additional truth was what the opposers of Jesus needed to learn. (TFG 605) #Mt 22:43| How then doth David in the Spirit call him Lord? See TFG "#Mr 12:36|". #Mt 22:44| The Lord said unto my Lord, etc. See TFG "#Mr 12:36|".
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