1 Chronicles 12

1 The companies that came to David at Ziklag.

23 The armies that came to him at Hebron.

these are.

1Sa 27:2,6; 2Sa 1:1; 4:10

while he yet, etc. Heb. being yet shut up.Sometimes, in the East, when a successful prince endeavoured to extirpate the preceding royal family, some of them escaped the slaughter, and secured themselves in an impregnable fortress, or in a place of great secrecy; while others have been known to seek an asylum in a foreign county, from when they have occasioned, from time to time, great anxiety and great difficulties to the usurper of the crown. The expression shut up, so often applied to the extermination of eastern royal families. (De 32:32. 1 Ki 14:10; 21:21. 2 Ki 9:8; 14:26,) strictly speaking, refers to the two first of these cases; but the term may be used in a more extensive sense, for those who, by retiring into deserts, or foreign countries, preserve themselves from being slain by the men who usurp the dominions of their ancestors. Thus the term is here applied to David, though he did not shut himself up, strictly speaking, in Ziklag. It is described as a town in the country, and was probably an unwalled town; and it is certain that he did not confine himself to it, but, on the contrary, was continually making excursions from thence.


8:33; 9:39

the mighty.


could use.

Jud 3:15; 20:16

in hurling.

1Sa 17:49

Shemaah. or, Hasmaah. Gibeathite.

1Sa 11:4; 2Sa 21:6



the Antothite.



Jos 9:3,17-23

a mighty man.



Jos 15:36




4:18,39; Jos 15:58

into the hold.

16; 11:16; 1Sa 23:14,29; 24:22

of war. Heb. of the host. handle.

2Ch 25:5; Jer 46:9

whose faces.

11:22; 2Sa 1:23; 17:10; 23:20; Pr 28:1

as swift as the roes upon the mountains. Heb. as the roesupon the mountains to make haste.

2Sa 2:18; Pr 6:5; So 8:14






one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over athousand. or, one that was least could resist an hundred, the greatest a thousand.

Le 26:8; De 32:30

it had overflown. Heb. it had filled over.

Jos 3:15; 4:18; Jer 12:5; 49:19

the children.


the hold.


to meet them. Heb. before them. If ye be come.

1Sa 16:4; 2Sa 3:20-25; 1Ki 2:13; 2Ki 9:22; Ps 12:1,2


1Sa 18:1,3; 2Ki 10:15; Ps 86:11; 2Co 13:11; Php 1:27

knit. Heb. one.

Jer 32:39; Ac 4:32; 1Co 1:10

wrong. or, violence. God.

Ge 31:42,53; 1Sa 24:11-17; 26:23,24; Ps 7:6; 1Pe 2:23

rebuke it.

Zec 3:2; Jude 1:9

the spirit.

Jud 6:34; 13:25; Isa 59:17

came upon Amasai. Heb. clothed Amasai.

2:17; 2Sa 17:25; 19:13; 20:4-8

Amasa.Thine are we.

2Ki 10:5

and on they side.

Ru 1:16; 2Sa 15:21; 2Ki 9:32; Mt 12:30


Ga 6:16; Eph 6:23,24

thy God.

1Sa 25:28,29; 2Sa 5:2; Zec 8:23; Joh 6:67,68

captains of the band.

1Sa 8:12; 22:7; 1Ki 9:22

when he came.

1Sa 29:2-4

to the jeopardy of our heads. Heb. on our heads.

As he went.These captains of Manasseh seem to have met David as he was returning from the army of the Philistines to Ziklag. It is probable that they did not bring their companies with them; yet they both assured him of future assistance, and very seasonably helped him against the Amalekites who had spoiled Ziklag.

1Sa 29:11


Ex 18:21; De 1:15; 33:17

against the band. or, with a band.

1Sa 30:1-17

mighty men.

20; 5:24; 11:10,21,22

day by day.

2Sa 2:2-4; 3:1; Job 17:9

like the host of God.That is, says the Targumist, a very numerous army, like the army of the angel of God.

Ge 32:2; Jos 5:14; Ps 148:2

A.M. 2956. B.C. 1048. An. Ex. Is. 433. the numbers.

11:1-3; 2Sa 2:3,4; 5:1-3

bands. or, captains, or men. Heb. heads. came to David.Some learned men understand this as relating to the time when David was make king over Judah, on his first coming to Hebron: but it seems wholly to refer to his being made king over all Israel, after the death of Ishbosheth; for there was no such union or assembly of the several tribes on the former occasion, as is here described.

to turn.



11:10; 1Sa 16:1,3,12,13; 2Sa 3:18; Ps 2:6; 89:19,20

armed. or, prepared.



the leader.

9:20; 2Ki 11:4,9; 25:18


6:49-57; 27:17


6:8,53; 2Sa 8:17; 1Ki 1:8; 2:35; Eze 44:15

kindred. Heb. brethren.

2; Ge 31:23

the greatest part of them. Heb. a multitude of them.

2Sa 2:8,9

famous. Heb. men of names.

Ge 6:4

the half tribe.

Jos 17:1-18

understanding of the times.That is, as the following words indicate, intelligent men, who understood the signs of the times, well versed in political affairs, and knew what was proper to be done in all the exigencies of human life; and who now perceived that it was both the duty and political interest of Israel to advance David to the throne.

Ge 49:14; Es 1:13; Isa 22:12-14; 33:6; Mic 6:9; Mt 16:3

Lu 12:56,57

to know.

Pr 14:8; Eph 5:17

all their.

Pr 24:5; Ec 7:19; 9:18

expert in war. or, rangers of battle, or ranged in battle.keep rank. or, set the battle in array. they were not of double heart. Heb. they were without a heart and a heart. That is, they were all sincerely affected towards David, though so numerous.

Ps 12:2; Joh 1:47



expert in war. or, keeping their rank.

33; Joe 2:7

the other side.

5:1-10; Nu 32:33-42; De 3:12-16; Jos 13:7-32; 14:3; 22:1-10

with a perfect heart.The meaning of this expression may be inferred from that of a double heart in ver. 33. If a double heart be expressive of insincerity or duplicity, a perfect heart, which seems to be put in opposition to it, must signify a sincere, faithful, and entire attachment.

1Ki 8:61; 11:4; 2Ki 20:3; Ps 101:2

all the rest.

17,18; Ge 49:8-10; 2Ch 30:12; Ps 110:3; Eze 11:19

eating and drinking.

Ge 26:30; 31:54; 2Sa 6:19; 19:42

brought.The Septuagint reads [ ,] "brought (to) them" which is probably correct; the Hebrew {lahem,} "to them" might be easily mistaken for {lechem,} "bread." The passage will then read, "bought them on asses, on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, meat, meal, cakes of figs," etc., which renders the introduction of and unnecessary. From the mention of oil, figs, and raisins, Mr. Harmer thinks that this assembly was held in autumn.

2Sa 16:1; 17:27-29

meat, meal. or, victual of meal. cakes of figs.

1Sa 25:18

there was joy.

1Ki 1:40; 2Ki 11:20; Pr 11:10; 29:2; Jer 23:5,6; Lu 19:37,38

Re 19:5-7
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