1 Chronicles 7

1 The sons of Issachar;

6 of Benjamin;

13 of Naphtali;

14 of Manasseh;

15 and of Ephraim.

21 The calamity of Ephraim by the men of Gath.

23 His posterity by Beriah.

28 Their habitations.

30 The sons of Asher.

Ge 46:13

Phuvah, Job.

Nu 26:23,24


whose number.This was probably the number returned by Joab and his assistants, when they made that census of the people with which God was so much displeased. We find that the effective men of Issachar amounted to 87,000 (ver. 5;) 22,600 of whom descended from Tola his eldest son; but whether the 36,000 (ver. 4) were descendants of Tola by Uzzi, and the 22,600 his descendants by Tola's other sons; or whether another of Issachar's sons be intended, does not clearly appear; though the former seems the more obvious meaning.

21:1-5; 27:1,23,24; 2Sa 24:1-9




of Benjamin.In the parallel place of Genesis, ten sons of Benjamin are reckoned, Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard; and in Numbers, five only are mentioned, Bela, Ashbel, Ahiraim, Shupham, and Hupham; and Ard and Naaman are said to be the sons of Bela, and consequently Benjamin's grandsons. In the beginning of the following chapter, also, five are only mentioned, Bela, Ashbel, Aharah, Nohah, and Rapha; and Addar, Gera, Abihud, Abishua, Naaman, Ahoha, another Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram, are all represented as grandsons, not sons of Benjamin: hence we see that in many cases, grandsons are called sons, and both are often confounded in the genealogical tables. It seems, also, that the persons mentioned in the following verses were neither sons nor grandsons of Bela and Becher, but distinguished persons among their descendants.

8:1-12; Ge 46:21; Nu 26:38-41



were reckoned.

21:1-5; 2Ch 17:17,18




Jud 3:15-30

mighty men.

2Ch 17:13-19


15; Ge 46:21

Muppim, Huppim.

Nu 26:39

Shupham, Hupham. Ir.


Iri. Aher.{Aher} signifies another, and it has been conjectured that these were Danites, "the sons of another tribe;" especially as Hushim is named as the only son of Dan, Ge 46:23. And they suppose that the name of Dan was not mentioned, because his descendants first established idolatry. But Zebulun, as well as Dan, is here omitted, perhaps because none of either of these tribes returned at first from Babylon. Though the Benjamites had been almost destroyed in the first days of the judges, they soon became numerous and powerful.

Nu 26:38



Ge 46:24; Nu 26:48

Jahzeel. Shallum.

Ge 46:24; Nu 26:49

Shillem. the sons of Bilhah.

Ge 30:3-8; 35:22; 46:25

The sons.The text in these two verses seems to be strangely corrupted; and, as it stands, is scarcely intelligible. Probably it should be rendered, "The sons of Manasseh were Ashriel, whom his Syrian concubine bore to him; and Machir the father of Gilead, whom (his wife) bore to him. Machir took for a wife Maachah, sister to Huppim and Shuppim." This is nearly the version of Dr. Geddes.


2:21-23; Ge 50:23; Nu 26:29-34; 27:1; 32:30-42; De 3:13-15

Jos 13:31; 17:1-3; Jud 5:14



and the name.It is certain that Zelophehad was not a son, but a descendant of Manasseh's, three generations having intervened; for he was the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh.

and Zelophehad.

Nu 26:33; 27:1-11; 36:1-12



1Sa 12:11

Nu 26:30


Jud 6:11,24,34; 8:2


Nu 26:35,36

because they came.Or rather, "when [kîy ] {(kee)} they came down to take away their cattle;" for it does not appear that the sons of Ephraim were the aggressors, but the men of Gath, who appear to have been born in Egypt. This is the only place in the Sacred Writings where this piece of history is mentioned, and the transaction seems to have happened before the Israelites came out of Egypt; for it appears from the following verse, that Ephraim was alive when these children of his were slain.


Ge 37:34

and his brethren.

Job 2:11

Beriah. that is, In evil. because.Many similar instances of the naming of children from passing circumstances, occur throughout the sacred volume. See those of a similar character with this verse: Ge 35:18, where Rachel, while dying, names her new-born son Ben-oni, or, the son of my sorrow. So in 1 SA 4:21, the wife of Phinehas, on being apprised of the death of Eli and her husband, and that the ark was taken by the Philistines, while in the pains of travail, and dying, named her son I-chabod, or, there is no glory. So also in the 4th chapter of this book, ver. 9, we read that Jabez, or, sorrowful, had that name given to him, because his mother "bare him with sorrow."

2Sa 23:5


Jos 16:3,5; 1Ki 9:17; 2Ch 8:5




Nu 13:8,16

Nun, Oshea. Jehoshuah.

Ex 17:9-14; 24:13; 32:17; Nu 11:28; 14:6; 27:18; De 31:23


Ac 7:45; Heb 4:8



Ge 28:19; Jos 16:2; Jud 1:22

Naaran.Naaran, or Naarath, Eusebius says was a town in his time called [Noorath,] Noorath, five miles from Jericho. It appears to be the same as [Neara,] Neara, mentioned by Josephus, from whence, he says, they brought the water which watered the palm-trees of Jericho.

Naarath. Gezer.


towns. Heb. daughters.


Jos 17:7-11


1Sa 31:10

Bethshan. Taanach.

Jud 5:19; 1Ki 4:12


Jud 1:27; 1Ki 9:15; 2Ki 9:27; 23:29; 2Ch 35:22; Zec 12:11; Re 16:16

In these dwelt.

Jos 16:1-17:18; Jud 1:22-29

Imnah.This variation only exists in the translation; the original being uniformly Jimnah, or Yimnah.

Ge 46:17; Nu 26:44-46

Jimnah. Ishuai.This variation is also attributable to the translator; the Hebrew being in both places Isui, or rather, Yishwi.

Ge 46:17











Ithran.This name is essentially the same, the variation being caused by a paragogic [Nûwn,] {noon:} here it is written [Yithrân ,] Ithran, and in the following verse [Yether 03500|,>] Jether. 38 Jether.



the number.

21:1-5; 2Sa 24:1-9
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