1 Samuel 29

1 David marching with the Philistines,

3 is disallowed by their princes.

6 Achish dismisses him, with commendations of his fidelity.

the Philistines.



4:1; Jos 19:30; 1Ki 20:30


28:4; Jos 19:18; Jud 6:33; 1Ki 18:45,46; 21:1,23; 2Ki 9:36

Ho 1:4-11

the lords.

6,7; 5:8-11; 6:4; Jos 13:3

but David.


Is not this David.These words seem to mark no definite time; and may be understood thus: "Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, who has been with me for a considerable time?"

these days.



25:28; Da 6:5; Joh 19:6; Ro 12:17; 1Pe 3:16

Make this fellow.The princes reasoned wisely, according to the common practice of mankind; and it was well for David that they were such good politicians: it was ordered by a gracious Providence that they refused to let David go with them to this battle, in which he must have been either an enemy to his country, or false to his friends and to his trust. Had he fought for the Philistines, he would have fought against God and his country; and had he in the battle gone over to the Israelites, he would have deceived and become a traitor to the hospitable Achish. God therefore delivered him from such disgrace; and by the same kind Providence he was sent back to rescue his wives, and the wives and children of his people, from captivity.

14:21; 1Ch 12:19; Lu 16:8

18:6,7; 21:11; Pr 27:14

the Lord.

20:3; 28:10; De 10:20; Isa 65:16; Jer 12:16

thou hast.

Mt 5:16; 1Pe 2:12; 3:16

thy going.

Nu 27:17; 2Sa 3:25; 2Ki 19:27; Ps 121:8

I have not.


the lords favour, etc. Heb. thou art not good in the eyes ofthe lords.

Ge 16:6; Jos 22:30; *marg:

displease. Heb. do not evil in the eyes of the lords.

Nu 22:34

But what have.

12:3; 17:29; 20:8; 26:18

with. Heb. before. that I may not.

28:2; 2Sa 16:18,19; Ps 34:13,14; Mt 6:13

as an angel.

2Sa 14:17,20; 19:27; Ga 4:14

the princes.


30:1,2; Ge 22:14; Ps 37:23,24; 1Co 10:13; 2Pe 2:9

And the Philistines.

1; Jos 19:18; 2Sa 4:4

Jezreel.Jezreel, or Esdrælon, was a city of Issachar, afterwards celebrated as the residence of the kings of Israel, delightfully situated in the extensive and fertile plain of the same name, which extends from Scythopolis or Bethshan on the east to mount Carmel on the west. Eusebius and Jerome inform us, that it was in their time a place of considerable consequence, lying between Scythopolis on the east and Legio on the west; and the latter (on Ho 1.) informs us that it was pretty near Maximianopolis. The Jerusalem Itinerary places it ten miles west from Scythopolis; and William of Tyre says it was called Little Gerinum in his time, and that there was a fine fountain in it, whose waters fell into the Jordan near Scythopolis. See ver. 1.
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