1 Samuel 5

1 The Philistines having brought the ark into Ashdod, set it in the house of Dagon.

3 Dagon is smitten down and cut in pieces, and they of Ashdod smitten with emerods.

8 So God deals with them of Gath, when it was brought thither;

10 and so with them of Ekron, when it was brought thither.


4:11,17,18,22; Ps 78:61


4:1; 7:12

Ashdod.Ashdod, called Azotus by the Greeks, was one of the five satrapies of the Philistines, and a place of great strength and consequence. It was situated near the Mediterranean, between Askelon and Jamnia, thirty-four miles north of Gaza, according to Diodorus Siculus, and the Antonine and Jerusalem Itineraries. It is now called Shdood; and Dr. Richardson says they neither saw nor heard of any ruins there. "The ground," he observes, "around Ashdod is beautifully undulating, but not half stocked with cattle. The site of the town is on the summit of a grassy hill; and, if we are to believe historians, was anciently as strong as it was beautiful."

Jos 11:22; Ac 8:40


of Dagon.

Jud 16:23; 1Ch 10:10; Da 5:2,23; Hab 1:11,16

Dagon was.

Ex 12:12; Ps 97:7; Isa 19:1; 46:1,2; Zep 2:11; Mr 3:11; Lu 10:18-20

2Co 6:14-16

set him.

Isa 19:1; 40:20; 41:7; 44:17-20; 46:1,2,7; Jer 10:8

the head.

Isa 2:18,19; 27:9; Jer 10:11; 50:2; Eze 6:4-6; Da 11:8; Mic 1:7

of Dagon.The name of this idol, Dagon, signifies a fish: and it is supposed to be the Atergatis of the Syrians, corruptly called Derceto by the Greeks, which had the upper part like a woman, and the lower part like a fish; as Lucian informs us: [Derketous de eidos en Phoinike etheésamén, theéma xenon; émisen men gyné; to de okoson ek mérón es akrous podas, ichtlyos ouré apoteinetai;] "In Phoenicia I saw the image of Derceto; a strange sight truly! For she had the half of a woman, but from the thighs downward a fish's tail." Diodorus, (1. ii.) describing the same idol, as represented at Askelon, says, [to men prosópon echei synaikos, to d'allo sóma pan ichthyos.] "It had the head of a woman, but all the rest of the body a fish's." Probably Horace alludes to this idol, in De Art. Poet. v. 4; {Desinat in piscem, mulier formosa superne:} "The upper part a handsome woman, and the lower part a fish." If such was the form of this idol, then everything that was human was broken off from what resembled a fish.

the stump. or, the fishy part.


Ps 115:4-7; 135:15-18


Jos 5:15; Zep 1:9

the hand.

7,11; Ex 9:3; Ps 32:4; Ac 13:11


9,11; 6:5; De 28:27; Job 31:3; Ps 78:66

thereof.The LXX. and Vulgate add: [Kai meson tés choras autés anephyésan myes kai egeneto synchysis thanatou megalé en té polei; {Et ebullierunt villæ et agri in medio regionis illius, et nati sunt mures; et facta est confusio mortis magnæ in civitate; "And [the cities and fields in Vulg.] the midst of that region produced mice; [Vulg. burst up, and mice were produced;] and there was the confusion of a great death in the city."



4:8; Ex 8:8,28; 9:28; 10:7; 12:33

The ark.

6:20; 2Sa 6:9; 1Ch 13:11-13; 15:13

upon Dagon our god.

3,4; Jer 46:25; 48:7

What shall.

Zec 12:3


17:4; Am 6:2

the hand.

6; 7:13; 12:15; De 2:15; Am 5:19; 9:1-4

with a very.


and they had emerods.

6; 6:4,5,11; Ps 78:66

God to Ekron.

Jos 15:45; Jud 1:18; 2Ki 1:2; Am 1:8

us, to slay us and our people. Heb. me, to slay me and mypeople.

us not, and our people. Heb. me not, and my people. adeadly.

Isa 13:7-9; Jer 48:42-44

the hand.



1Ki 19:17; Am 5:19

the cry.

9:16; Ex 12:30; Isa 15:3-5; Jer 14:2; 25:34; 48:3
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