2 Chronicles 13

1 Abijah succeeding makes war against Jeroboam.

4 He declares the right of his cause.

13 Trusting in God, he overcomes Jeroboam.

21 The wives and children of Abijah.

A.M. 3046-3049. B.C. 958-955. in the eighteenth. See onch.

12:16; 1Ki 15:1-8

Michaiah.

11:20

Maachah the daughter of Absalom.

1Ki 15:2

Abishalom. Gibeah.

Jos 18:28

Gibeath.

Jud 19:14,16; 1Sa 10:26

A.M. 3047. B.C. 957. And there was.

1Ki 15:6,7

set. Heb. bound together.

1Sa 17:1-3

four hundred.

11:1; 14:8; 17:14-18; 26:12,13; 1Ch 21:5

eight hundred.

14:9

Zemaraim.Zemaraim could not be, as some have supposed, the same as the hill of Samaria, [Shômerown ,] so called from Shemer, in the days of Omri; but was probably a hill on the confines of Ephraim, near Zemaraim, a city of Benjamin, near Bethel.

Ge 10:18; Jos 18:22

Hear me.

15:2; Jud 9:7

Ought ye not.

Ne 5:9; Pr 1:29; 2Pe 3:5

the Lord.

Jud 11:21-24; Jer 27:5-7; Da 4:25-32; 5:18

to David.

1Sa 16:1,12; 2Sa 7:12-16; 1Ki 8:20; 1Ch 17:11,14; 28:4,5

Ps 89:19-37; Jer 33:21,22,26; Lu 1:31-33

a covenant of salt.

Le 2:13; Nu 18:19; Eze 43:24; Mr 9:49,50

rebelled.

10:19; 1Ki 11:26; 12:20,27

vain men.

Jud 9:4; 11:3; 1Sa 22:2; Job 30:8; Ps 26:4; Pr 12:11; 28:19; Ac 17:5

Tit 1:10

the children of Belial.

De 13:13; 1Ki 21:10,13

young.

10:16; 12:13; Ec 10:16; Isa 3:4; 1Co 14:20; Heb 5:12

could not.

11:1-4

the kingdom.

9:8; Ps 2:1-6; Isa 7:6,7; 9:6,7; Lu 19:14,27

a great multitude.

14:9-11; 20:6,12; Ps 33:16

with you golden.

11:15; 1Ki 12:28; 14:9; Ho 8:5,6

cast out.

11:14,15

made you priests.

1Ki 12:31-33; 13:33

consecrated himself. Heb. fill his hand.

Ex 32:29; Le 16:32; 1Ch 29:5; *margins

young.

Ex 29:1,35; Le 8:2

no gods.

De 32:17; 2Ki 19:18; Jer 2:11; Ho 8:6; Ac 19:26; Ga 4:8

the Lord.We have not abandoned the Lord; and we still serve him according to His own law. But what Abijah urged concerning the state of religion in Judah was not strictly just; and, as spoken by him, it favoured ostentation. Abijah himself was but an indifferent character; and idolatry was evidently connived at in his days. Yet it was true, that the men of Judah had the priests, ordinances, and worship of Jehovah among them; that there were numbers of pious worshippers in the land; that theirs was the more righteous cause; that Jehovah was on their side as their Captain, while Israel fought against him; and that the presence of the priests with the sacred trumpets was a token of His presence and favour.

11:16,17; Ex 19:5,6; Zec 13:9

the priests.

Ex 29:1-37; Nu 16:40; 18:1-7

they burn.

2:4; Ex 29:38

sweet incense.

Ex 30:1-10; Le 2:1-3; Nu 16:6,46; Lu 1:9; Re 8:3,4

shewbread.

Ex 25:30; Le 24:5-9

the candlestick.

Ex 25:31-39; 27:20,21; Le 24:2-4

we keep.

Ge 26:5; Nu 9:19; Eze 44:8,15; 48:11

God.

Nu 23:21; 1Sa 4:5-7; Isa 8:10; Zec 10:5; Ro 8:31

for our captain.

De 20:4; Jos 5:13-15; Ps 20:7; Heb 2:10

his priests.

Nu 10:8,9; 31:6; Jos 6:13-20

fight ye.

Job 15:25,26; 40:9; Isa 45:9; Jer 50:24; Ac 5:39; 9:4,5

ye shall not.

24:20; Nu 14:41; De 28:29; Job 9:4; Isa 54:17; Jer 2:37; Eze 17:9

an ambushment.

20:22; Jos 8:4; Pr 21:30; Jer 4:22

looked back.

Ex 14:10; Jos 8:20; Jud 20:33-43; 2Sa 10:8-14

cried.

14:11; 18:31; Ps 50:15; 91:5

the priests.

12

as the men.

20:21; Jos 6:16,20; Jud 7:18-22; Ps 47:1,5

God smote.

14:12; Nu 32:4; Jos 11:8; Jud 4:15; 2Ki 5:1; Ps 118:4-7; Isa 37:36

God delivered.

Ge 14:20; De 2:36; 3:3; Jos 10:12; 21:44; Jud 1:4; 11:21; 1Sa 23:7

five hundred.

3,12; 28:6; Isa 10:16-19; 37:36; Na 1:5; 1Co 10:22

relied.

16:8,9; 20:20; 2Ki 18:5; 1Ch 5:20; Ps 22:4,5; 146:5; Da 3:28; Na 1:7

Eph 1:12

took cities.

Jos 10:19,39; 11:12; 1Sa 31:7

Jeshanah.Jeshanah, according to the Talmud, was not far from Sephoris. Perhaps it is the Migdal-Senna of Eusebius, eight miles north of Jericho.

Ephrain.Ephrain, or Ephron, a city of Benjamin, is placed by Eusebius, eight miles north of Jerusalem, near Bethel. Josephus calls Ephrain and Bethel two little cities; and places the former in the tribe of Benjamin, near the wilderness of Judea, in the way to Jericho.

15:8; Jos 15:9

Ephron.

Joh 11:54

did.

Ps 18:37,38

Lord.

1Sa 25:38; 26:10; Eze 24:16; Ac 12:23

he died.

1Ki 14:20; 15:9

waxed.

2Sa 5:12,13

fourteen wives.

11:21

begat.

Jud 8:30,31; 9:5; 10:4

story. or, commentary. Iddo.

9:29; 12:15
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