2 Chronicles 4

1 The altar of brass.

2 The molten sea upon twelve oxen.

6 The ten lavers, candlesticks, and tables.

9 The courts, and the instruments of brass.

19 The instruments of gold.

an altar.

1:5; Ex 27:1-8; 1Ki 8:22,64; 9:25; 2Ki 16:14,15; Eze 43:13-17

a molten sea.

Ex 30:18-21; 1Ki 7:23; Zec 13:1; Tit 3:5; Re 7:14

brim to brim. Heb. his brim to his brim.

And under.

1Ki 7:24-26; Eze 1:10; 10:14; 1Co 9:9,10; Re 4:7

oxen.In the parallel passage of Kings, instead of {bekarim,} "oxen," we have {pekaïm,} "knops," in the form of colocynths. (See on 1 Ki 6:18, and 2 Ki 4:39;) which last is supposed by able critics to be the reading which ought to received be here; {bekarim,} "oxen," being a mistake for {pekaïm,} "knops." Houbigant, however, contends that the words in both places are right; but that {bakar} does not signify an ox here, but a large kind of grape, according to its meaning in Arabic. But Dr. A. Clarke states that {bakar,} or {bakarat,} has no such meaning in Arabic, though the phrase {aino 'lbikri,} or "ox-eye," signifies a species of black grape, very large, and of incredible sweetness; that consequently the criticism of this great man is not solid; and that the likeliest method of reconciling the two places is to suppose a change in the letters as above.

It stood.

Mt 16:18; Eph 2:20; Re 21:14


Mt 28:19,20; Mr 16:15; Lu 24:46,47; Ac 9:15

with flowers of lilies. or, like a lily flower. threethousand baths. In the parallel passage, it is said to hold only two thousand baths; which some think may be reconciled by supposing that the quantity of water which was commonly in it was 2,000 baths, but that, if filled up to the top, it would hold 3,000. But, as we have already seen that the Babylonish cubit was less than that of the ancient Hebrews, it might be the same with measures of capacity; so that 2,000 of the ancient Jewish baths might have been equal to 3,000 of those used after the captivity. The Targum cuts the knot: "It received 3,000 baths of dry measure, and held 2,000 of liquid measure." See 1 Ki 7:26.

1Ki 7:26

ten lavers.

Ex 30:18-21; 1Ki 7:38,40; Ps 51:2; 1Co 6:11; 1Jo 1:7

such things as they offered for the burnt offering. Heb. thework of burnt offering.

Le 1:9,13; Eze 40:38

but the sea.

2; Ex 29:4; Heb 9:14,23; Re 1:5,6; 7:14

ten candlesticks.

1Ki 7:49; 1Ch 28:15; Zec 4:2,3,11-14; Mt 5:14-16; Joh 8:12

Re 1:20

according to.

Ex 25:31-40; 1Ch 28:12,19; Heb 8:5

ten tables.

Ex 25:23-30; 37:10-16; 1Ki 7:48; Isa 25:6; Eze 44:16; Mal 1:12

1Co 10:21

basons. or, bowls.

Jer 52:18,19; Zec 14:20

the court.

1Ki 6:36; 7:12

1Ki 7:39

the pots.

1Ki 7:40,45

basons. or, bowls. finished. Heb. finished to make.

To wit.


the pommels.

1Ki 7:41

four hundred.

Ex 28:33,34; 1Ki 7:20,42; So 4:13; Jer 52:23

pillars. Heb. face of the pillars.


1Ki 7:27-43

lavers. or, caldrons.



pots also.

11; Ex 27:3; 38:3; Zec 14:20,21


1Sa 2:13,14; 1Ch 28:17


1Ki 7:13,14,45

Hiram. his father.


bright. Heb. made bright, or scoured.

clay ground. Heb. thicknesses of the ground. Zeredathah.

1Ki 7:46


the weight.

1Ki 7:47; 1Ch 22:3,14; Jer 52:20

all the vessels.

36:10,18; 1Ki 7:48-50; 2Ki 24:13; 25:13-15; Ezr 1:7-11; Jer 28:3

Jer 52:18,19; Da 5:2,3,23

the golden.

26:16-18; Ex 30:1-10; 37:25-29; Re 8:3; 9:13

the tables.

Ex 25:23-30; Le 24:5-8; 1Ch 28:16

the candlesticks.

7; Ex 25:31-37

burn after.

Ex 27:20,21

the oracle.

1Ki 6:5,16,17; 8:6; Ps 28:2

the flowers.Probably each branch of the chandelier was made like a plant in flower; and the opening of the flower was either the lamp, or served to support it.

5; Ex 25:31-40; 37:20; 1Ki 6:18,29,35

perfect gold. Heb. perfections of gold.That is, the purest and best gold.


Ex 37:23; 1Ki 7:50; 2Ki 12:13; 25:14; Jer 52:18

basons. or, bowls. the entry.Capellus and others suppose we should read, agreeably to 1 Ki 7:50, "The hinges also of the doors of the inner house," etc.; the word {pothoth,} "hinges," being mistaken for {paithach,} "an entry" or "door-way."

1Ki 6:31,32
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