2 Samuel 13

1 Amnon loving Tamar, by Jonadab's counsel feigning himself sick, ravishes her.

15 He hates her, and shamefully turns her away.

19 Absalom entertains her, and conceals his purpose.

23 At a sheep-shearing among all the king's sons, he kills Amnon.

31 David grieving at the news, is comforted by Jonadab.

37 Absalom flies to Talmai at Geshur.

A.M. 2972. B.C. 1032. A. Ex. Is. 459. Absalom.

3:2,3; 1Ch 3:2

a fair sister.

11:2; Ge 6:2; 39:6,7; Pr 6:25; 31:30


14:27; 1Ch 3:9

loved her.

15; Ge 29:18,20; 34:3; 1Ki 11:1


1Ki 21:4; So 5:8; 2Co 7:10

Amnon, etc. Heb. it was marvellous, or hidden, in the eyesof Amnon.

a friend.

Ge 38:1,20; Jud 14:20; Es 5:10,14; 6:13; Pr 19:6


32; 1Sa 16:9

Shimeah. subtil man.

14:2,19,20; Ge 3:1; Jer 4:22; 1Co 3:19; Jas 3:15

Why art.

1Ki 21:7; Es 5:13,14; Lu 12:32

lean. Heb. thin. from day to day. Heb. morning by morning.I love.

Isa 3:9; Jer 8:12; Mic 7:3

my brother.

Le 18:9; 20:17

Lay thee.

16:21-23; 17:1-4; Ps 50:18,19; Pr 19:27; Mr 6:24,25; Ac 23:15

make me.

Ge 18:6; Mt 13:33


she took.Dr. Russell says, "The Eastern ladies often wash their own hands, prepare cakes, pastry, etc. in their apartments; and some few particular dishes are cooked by themselves, but not in their apartments: on such occasions, they go to some room near the kitchen."

flour. or, paste. and made cakes.Rather, as Mr. Parkhurst renders, "and tossed it (wattelabbaiv) in his sight, and dressed the tossed cakes (halleveevoth)." This will receive illustration from the account which Mr. Jackson gives of the Arabian manner of kneading and baking. "They have a small place built with clay, between two and three feet high, having a hole at the bottom for the convenience of drawing out the ashes, something similar to that of a brick-kiln. The oven is usually about fifteen inches wide at top, and gradually grows wider to the bottom. It is heated with wood; and when sufficiently hot, and perfectly clear from smoke, having nothing but clear embers at bottom, which continue to reflect great heat, they prepare the dough in a large bowl, and mould the cakes to the desired size on a board or stone placed near the oven. After they have kneaded the cake to a proper consistency, they pat it a little, then toss it about with great dexterity in one hand till it is as thin as they choose to make it. They then wet one side of it with water, at the same time wetting the hand and arm with which they put it into the oven."


And Ammon.

Ge 45:1; Jud 3:19; Joh 3:20


Come lie.

Ge 39:11,12

force me. Heb. humble me.

Ge 34:2; De 22:29

no such thing ought. Heb. it ought not so.

Le 18:9,11; 20:17


Ge 34:7; Jud 19:23; 20:6; Pr 5:22,23; 7:7

Now therefore.

Ge 19:8; Jud 19:24

forced her.

12:11; De 22:25-27; Jud 20:5; Es 7:8

hated her.

Eze 23:17

exceedingly. Heb. with great hatred greatly.



a garment.

Ge 37:3,32; Jud 5:30; Ps 45:13,14

put ashes.

1:2; Jos 7:6; Job 2:12; 42:6

laid her.

Jer 2:37

Amnon. Heb. Aminon. but hold.

Pr 26:24; Ro 12:19

regard not. Heb. set not thine heart on. desolate. Heb.and desolate.

Ge 34:2; 46:15

he was very wroth.The Septuagint and Vulgate add, [Kai ouk elupese to pneuma Amnon tou huiou autou, hoti egapa auton, hoti prototokos autou en;] et noluit contristare spiritum Amnon filii sui, quoniam diligebat eum, quia primogenitus erat ei: "But he would not grieve the soul of Amnon his son, for he loved him because he was his first-born." The same addition is found in Josephus; and it is probable that it once formed a part of the Hebrew text.

3:28,29; 12:5,10; Ge 34:7; 1Sa 2:22-25,29; Ps 101:8


Le 19:17,18; Pr 25:9; Mt 18:15

neither good.

Ge 24:50; 31:24,29


Le 19:17,18; Pr 10:18; 26:24; 27:4-6; Ec 7:9; Eph 4:26,31; 1Jo 3:15

A.M. 2974. B.C. 1030. An. Ex. Is 461. sheep-shearers.

Ge 38:12,13; 1Sa 25:2,4,36; 2Ki 3:4; 2Ch 26:10


1Ki 1:9,19,25

let the king.

11:8-15; Ps 12:2; 55:21; Jer 41:6,7


Ge 19:2,3; Jud 19:7-10; Lu 14:23; 24:29; Ac 16:15


14:22; *marg:

Ru 2:4

let my brother.He urged this with the more plausibility because Amnon was the first-born, and presumptive heir to the crown; and he had dissembled his resentment so long and so well that he was not suspected.

3:27; 11:13-15; 20:9; Ps 55:21


Pr 26:24-26


11:15; Ex 1:16,17; 1Sa 22:17,18; Ac 5:29

heart is merry.

11:13; Ge 9:21; 19:32-35; Jud 19:6,9,22; Ru 3:7; 1Sa 25:36-38

1Ki 20:16; Es 1:10; Ps 104:15; Ec 9:7; 10:19; Da 5:2-6,30; Na 1:10

Lu 21:34

fear not.

Nu 22:16,17; 1Sa 28:10,13

have not I. or, Will you not, since I have, etc.

Jos 1:9

valiant. Heb. sons of valour.


1Sa 22:18,19; 1Ki 21:11-13; 2Ki 1:9-12; Pr 29:12; Mic 7:3

gat him up. Heb. rode. mule.

18:9; Ge 36:24; Le 19:19; 1Ki 1:33



12:16; Ge 37:29,34; Jos 7:6; Job 1:20

all his servants.

1:11; 3:31




1Sa 16:9

Shammah. David's brother.This was a very bad man: he had given his cousin Amnon the most detestable advice; and here speaks coolly of a most bloody tragedy of which he had been the cause.

appointment. Heb. mouth. determined. or, settled.

Ge 27:41; Ps 7:14; Pr 24:11,12

let not my lord.


Absalom fled.

38; Ge 4:8-14; Pr 28:17; Am 5:19

as they servant said. Heb. according to the word of thyservant.


very sore. Heb. with a great weeping greatly.

15; *marg:

12:21; 18:33

Absalom fled.As Absalom had committed wilful murder, he could not avail himself of a city of refuge; but went to Talmai, king of Geshur, his maternal grandfather.


3:3; 1Ch 3:2

Ammihud. or, Ammihur.

A.M. 2974-2977. B.C. 1030-1027. An. Ex. Is. 461-464.Geshur. This was not the Geshur lying between Philistia and Egypt, (Jos 13:13. 1 Sa 27:8,) but another in Syria; probably the same as that beyond Jordan, whose inhabitants are joined with those of Maachathi, De 3:14. Jos 12:5.

14:23,32; 15:8

the soul of.

Ge 31:30; De 28:32; Php 2:26

longed. or, was consumed.

Ps 84:2; 119:20


12:23; Ge 24:67; 37:35; 38:12
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