2 Samuel 241 David, tempted by Satan, forces Joab to number the people.5 The captains, in nine months and twenty days, bring the muster of thirteen hundred thousand fighting men.10 David repents, and having three plagues propounded by God, chooses the three days' pestilence.15 After the death of three score and ten thousand, David by prayer prevents the destruction of Jerusalem.18 David, by God's direction, purchases Araunah's threshing floor; where having sacrificed, the plague stays. A.M. 2987. B.C. 1017. An. Ex. Is. 474. again.21:1-14he.This verse, when read without reference to any other part of the word of God, is very difficult to understand, and has been used by those who desire to undermine the justice of God, to shew that he sought occasion to punish--that he incited David to sin; and when he had so incited him, gave to him the dreadful alternative of choosing one of three scourges by which his people were to be cut off. On the face of the passage these thoughts naturally arise, because "the Lord" is the antecedent to the pronoun "he,"--He moved David. But to those who "search the Scriptures," this exceedingly difficult passage receives a wonderful elucidation, By referring to 1 Ch 21:1, the reader will there find that Satan was the mover, and that the Lord most righteously punished David for the display of pride he had manifested. Oh! that Christians, who sometimes have their minds harassed with doubts, would remember the promise, that what they know not now they shall know hereafter; and if no other instance of elucidation than this passage occurred to them to remove their doubts, let this be a means of stirring them up to dig deeper than ever into the inexhaustible mines of the Inspired Word. Jas 1:13,14moved.12:11; 16:10; Ge 45:5; 50:20; Ex 7:3; 1Sa 26:19; 1Ki 22:20-23Eze 14:9; 20:25; Ac 4:28; 2Th 2:11Go, number.1Ch 27:23,24 Joab.2:13; 8:16; 20:23; 23:37Go now, etc. or, Compass now all.1Ch 21:2from Dan.3:10; 17:11; Jud 20:1and number.We know not in what the sinfulness of this action consisted. Some think it was a contempt of the promise that the Israelites should be innumerable, and that they ought not to have been numbered without an express command, as in the days of Moses. Others suppose with Josephus that it was a kind of sacrilege, in omitting to collect the half-shekel a-piece for the use of the sanctuary. It however would appear that pride and ambition, and a desire of conquest, induced David to this measure, and rendered it so displeasing to God. that I may.De 8:13,14; 2Ch 32:25,26,31; Pr 29:23; Jer 17:5; 2Co 12:7 10:12; 1Ch 21:3,4; Ps 115:14; Pr 14:28; Isa 60:5 the king's.1Ch 21:4; Ec 8:4went out.Ex 1:17; Ac 5:29 Aroer.De 2:36; Jos 13:9,16; 1Sa 30:28; Isa 17:2river. or, valley. Jazer.Nu 32:1,3,35; Isa 16:8,9 Gilead.Ge 31:21,47,48; Nu 32:1,39land of Tahtim-hodshi. or, nether land newly inhabited.Dan-jaan. Jos 19:47; Jud 18:29Zidon.Ge 10:15; Jos 11:8; 19:28; Jud 18:28 Tyre.Jos 19:29to Beer-sheba.2; Ge 21:31-33 8 eight hundred thousand.1Ch 21:5,6; 27:23,24 David's heart.1Sa 24:5; Joh 8:9; 1Jo 3:20,21I have sinned.12:13; 1Ch 21:8; 2Ch 32:26; Job 33:27,28; Ps 32:5; Pr 28:13Mic 7:8,9; 1Jo 1:9take away.Job 7:21; Ho 14:2; Joh 1:29foolishly.12:13; De 32:6; 1Sa 13:13; 26:21; 2Ch 16:9; Mr 7:22; Tit 3:3 Gad.1Sa 22:5; 1Ch 2:19; 29:29seer.1Sa 9:9 I offer.1Ch 21:10,11that I may.12:9,10,14; Le 26:41,43; Job 5:17,18; Pr 3:12; Heb 12:6-10Re 3:19 seven.21:1; Le 26:20; 1Ki 17:1-7; 1Ch 21:12; Eze 14:13,21; Lu 4:25flee.Le 26:17,36,37; De 28:25,52three days.Le 26:16,25; De 28:22,27,35; Ps 91:6; Eze 14:19-21 I am in.1Sa 13:6; 2Ki 6:15; Joh 12:27; Php 1:23for his.Ex 34:6,7; 1Ch 21:13; Ps 51:1; 86:5,15; 103:8-14; 119:156; 145:9Isa 55:7; Jon 4:2; Mic 7:18great. or, many. let me not.2Ki 13:3-7; 2Ch 28:5-9; Ps 106:41,42; Pr 12:10; Isa 47:6; Zec 1:15 the Lord.Nu 16:46-49; 25:9; 1Sa 6:19; 1Ch 21:14; 27:4; Mt 24:7; Re 6:8from Dan.2seventy thousand men.Isa 37:36 the angel.Ex 12:23; 2Ki 19:35; 1Ch 21:15,16; 2Ch 32:21; Ps 35:6; Ac 12:23repented.Ge 6:6; 1Sa 15:11; Ps 78:38; 90:13; 135:14; Jer 18:7-10Joe 2:13,14; Am 7:3,6; Hab 3:2It is enough.Ex 9:28; 1Ki 19:4; Isa 27:8; 40:1,2; 57:16; Joe 2:13,14; Mr 14:412Co 2:6Araunah.18; 1Ch 21:15; 2Ch 3:1Ornan. the Jebusite.5:8; Ge 10:16; Jos 15:63; Jud 1:21; 19:11; Zec 9:7 spake.1Ch 21:16,17Lo, I have sinned.10; Job 7:20; 42:6; Ps 51:2-5; Isa 6:5these sheep.1Ki 22:17; Ps 44:11; 74:1; Eze 34:2-6,23,24; Zec 13:7let thine.Ge 44:33; Joh 10:11,12; 1Pe 2:24,25 Gad.11; 1Ch 21:18-30threshing floor.These, among the ancient Jews, were only round, level plats of ground in the open air, as they are to this day in the East, where the corn was trodden out by oxen. Araunah. Heb. Araniah.16 as the Lord.Ge 6:22; 1Ch 21:19; 2Ch 20:20; 36:16; Ne 9:26; Heb 11:8 bowed.9:8; Ge 18:2; Ru 2:10; 1Ch 21:20,21 Wherefore.3,18To buy.Ge 23:8-16; 1Ch 21:22; Jer 32:6-14the plague.21:3-14; Nu 16:47-50; 25:8; Ps 106:30 Let my lord.Ge 23:11; 1Ch 21:22be oxen.1Sa 6:14; 1Ki 19:21 as a king.Ps 45:16; Isa 32:8The Lord.Job 42:8,9; Ps 20:3,4; Isa 60:7; Eze 20:40,41; Ho 8:13Ro 15:30,31; 1Ti 2:1,2; 1Pe 2:5 Nay.Ge 23:13; 1Ch 21:24; Mal 1:12-14; Ro 12:17So David.1Ch 21:25; 22:1 built there.Ge 8:20; 22:9; 1Sa 7:9,17So the Lord.14; 21:14; 1Ch 21:26,27; La 3:32,33
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