Exodus 30

1 The altar of incense.

11 The ransom of souls.

17 The brazen laver.

22 The holy anointing oil.

34 The composition of the incense.

The Samaritan inserts the first ten verses of this chapterafter ver. 32 of chap. 26.

an altar.

7,8,10; 37:25-28; 40:5; Le 4:7,18; 1Ki 6:20; 2Ch 26:16; Re 8:3

to burn incense.Where so many sacrifices were offered, it was essentially necessary to have some pleasing perfume to counteract the disagreeable smells that must have arisen from the slaughter of so many animals, the burning of so much flesh, the sprinkling of the blood. No blood was ever sprinkled on this altar, except once a year, on the grand day of expiation. It was called also the golden altar (Nu 4:11); and the incense was as constantly burnt on it every day, as the morning and evening sacrifice of a lamb was burnt on the brazen altar.

the horns.


overlay it.


top. Heb. roof. sides. Heb. walls.


25:12,14,27; 26:29; 27:4,7

two corners. Heb. ribs.



26:31-35; 40:3,5,26; Mt 27:51; Heb 9:3,4

before the mercy seat that is over the testimony.The words [lpny hkprt ashr `l h`dt,] {liphney haccapporeth asher âl haaiduth,} "before the mercy-seat that is over the testimony," are thought to be a repetition of the preceding clause, [lpn` hprkt 'sha `l 'rn h`dt,] {liphney happarocheth asher âl aron haaiduth,} "before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony; the word [hprkt,] ,] {happarocheth,} "the vail," being corrupted, by transposing the letters into [hkprt,] ,] {hacapporeth,} "the mercy-seat," and the word ['rn,] ,] {aron,} "ark," omitted. This repetition, as Dr. Kennicott observes, places the altar of incense before the mercy-seat, and consequently in the Holy of Holies! Now this could not be, as the altar of incense was attended every day, and the Holy of Holies entered only once in the year. The five words which appear to be a repetition are wanting in twenty-six of Kennicott's and Rossi's MSS. and in the Samaritan Text.

25:21,22; Le 16:13; 1Ch 28:11; Heb 4:16; 9:5

I will.

36; 29:42,43; Nu 17:4

sweet incense. Heb. incense of spices.



27:20,21; 1Sa 2:28; 3:3; 1Ch 23:13; Lu 1:9; Ac 6:4

lighteth. or, setteth up. Heb. causeth to ascend. at even.Heb. between the two evens.

12:6; *marg:

a perpetual.

Ro 8:34; 1Th 5:17; Heb 7:25; 9:24

Le 10:1


29:36,37; Le 16:18,29,30; 23:27; Heb 1:3; 9:7,22,23,25

sin offering.

Le 16:5,6



38:25,26; Nu 1:2-5; 26:2-4; 2Sa 24:1

their number. Heb. them that are to be numbered. a ransom.

Nu 31:50; 2Ch 24:6; Job 33:24; 36:18; Ps 49:7; Mt 20:28; Mr 10:45

1Ti 2:6; 1Pe 1:18,19

no plague.

2Sa 24:2-15; 1Ch 21:12,14; 27:24

a shekel is.

Le 27:25; Nu 3:47; Eze 45:12

an half shekel.

38:26; Mt 27:24; *Gr:

from twenty.

Nu 1:3,18,20; 14:29; 26:2; 32:11


Job 34:19; Pr 22:2; Eph 6:9; Col 3:25

give more. Heb. multiply. give less than. Heb. diminish.an atonement.

12; Le 17:11; Nu 31:50; 2Sa 21:3


38:25-31; Ne 10:32,33

a memorial.

12:14; Nu 16:40; Lu 22:19


a laver.

31:9; 38:8; Le 8:11; 1Ki 7:23,38; 2Ch 4:2,6,14,15; Zec 13:1

Tit 3:5; *Gr:

1Jo 1:7

put it.


40:31,32; Ps 26:6; Isa 52:11; Joh 13:8-10; 1Co 6:9-11; Tit 3:5

Heb 9:10; 10:22; Re 1:5,6

die not.

12:15; Le 10:1-3; 16:1,2; 1Sa 6:19; 1Ch 13:10; Ps 89:7; Ac 5:5,10

Heb 12:28,29

a statute.



thee principal.

37:29; Ps 45:8; Pr 7:17; So 1:3,13; 4:14; Jer 6:20; Eze 27:19,22

pure myrrh.Myrrh is a white gum, issuing from the trunk and larger branches of a thorny tree resembling the acacia, growing in Arabia, Egypt, and Abyssinia. Its taste is extremely bitter; but its smell, though strong, is agreeable; and it entered into the composition of the most costly ointments among the ancients. The epithet {deror,} rendered pure, properly denotes fluid, from the Arabic {darra,} to flow; by which is meant the finest and most excellent kind, called {stacte,} which issues of itself from the bark without incision.

cinnamon.{Kinnamon bosem,} odoriferous or spicy cinnamon, is the bark of the canella, a small tree of the size of a willow growing in the island of Ceylon.

sweet calamus.{Kenaih bosem,} {calamus aromaticus,} or odoriferous cane, is a reed growing in Egypt, Syria, and India, about two feet in height, bearing from the root a knotted stalk, quite round, containing in its cavity a soft white pith. It is said to scent the air while growing; and when cut down, dried, and powdered, makes an ingredient in the richest perfumes.


Ps 45:8

the shekel.

Nu 3:47; Eze 45:12


29:40; Le 19:36; Nu 15:5

apothecary. or, perfumer.

1Ch 9:30

an holy.

37:29; Nu 35:25; Ps 89:20; 133:2; Heb 1:9

40:9-15; Le 8:10-12; Nu 7:1,10; Isa 61:1; Ac 10:38; 2Co 1:21,22

1Jo 2:20,27




29:37; Le 6:18; Mt 23:17,19


29:7-37; 40:15; Le 8:12,30; Nu 3:3


28:3; 29:9,35

an holy.

37:29; Le 8:12; 21:10; Ps 89:20


Le 21:10; Mt 7:6

it is.



38; Lu 12:1,2; Heb 10:26-29

a stranger.


cut off.

12:15,19; Ge 17:14; Le 7:20,21; 17:4,9; 19:8; 23:29; Nu 9:13

unto thee.

23; 25:6; 37:29

stacte. Heb. nataph.The Jews and others suppose it to be what was afterwards called the balm of Jericho, or Gilead.

onycha.The word {shechaileth} is generally allowed to denote onycha, (nail-fish, from its form,) as it is rendered by the LXX. and Vulgate. It is the shell of the purpura, and of the whole class of murex; and serves as the basis of the principal perfumes in India.

galbanum.{Chelbenah,} (probably from {chalay,} milk or gum, and {lavan,} white,) is the gummy, resinous juice of an umbelliferous plant, the {bubon gumniferum} of Linnæus, growing in Syria, Persia, and Africa. It rises with a ligneous stalk from eight to ten feet, and is garnished with leaves at every joint. The top of the stalk is terminated by an umbel of yellow flowers which are succeeded by oblong channelled seeds, which have a thin membrane or wing on their border. When any part of the plant is broken, there issues out a little thin juice, of a cream colour, of a fat, tough substance, like gum ammoniac, composed of many small, shining grains, of a strong, piercing smell and a sharp, warm taste.


Le 2:1,15; 5:11; 24:7; 1Ch 9:29,30; Ne 13:5; So 3:6; Mt 2:11


Pr 27:9; So 1:3; 3:6; Joh 12:3

after the.


tempered. Heb. salted.

Le 2:13

the testimony.


where I will.

6; 25:22; 29:42,43; Le 16:2

ye shall.


it shall.

29:37; Le 2:3

be cut off.

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