Exodus 39

1 The cloths of service and holy garments.

2 The ephod.

8 The breast-plate.

22 The robe of the ephod.

27 The coats, mitre, and girdle of fine linen.

30 The plate of the holy crown.

32 All is finished, reviewed, and approved by Moses.

the blue.

25:4; 26:1; 35:23


31:10; 35:19

holy place.

Ps 93:5; Eze 43:12; Heb 9:12,25

the holy.

28:2-4; 31:10; Eze 42:14

25:7; 28:6-12; Le 8:7

cunning work.

26:1; 36:8



28:8; 29:5; Le 8:7; Isa 11:5; Re 1:13

as the Lord.

Mt 28:20; 1Co 11:23

onyx stones.The meaning of the word {shoham} is not easily determined. It has been variously rendered a beryl, emerald, prasius, sapphire, sardius, ruby, carnelian, onyx, and sardonyx. It may signify both the onyx and sardonyx. The latter stone is a mixture of the chalcedony and carnelian, sometimes in strata, and at other times blended together, and is found striped with white and red strata, or layers. It is generally allowed that there is no real difference, except in hardness, between the carnelian, chalcedony, agate, sardonyx, and onyx. The onyx is of a darkish horny colour, resembling the nail or hoof, from which circumstance it has its name [(onyx).] It has often a plate of a blueish white or red in it, and when on one or both sides of this white there appears a plate of a reddish colour, the jewellers call the stone a sardonyx.

25:7; 28:9; 35:9; Job 28:16; Eze 28:13

ouches.{Mishbetzoth,} strait places, sockets, to insert the stones in, from {shavatz,} to straiten, enclose.

a memorial.

28:12,29; Jos 4:7; Ne 2:20; Mr 14:9,22-25

25:7; 28:4,13-29; Le 8:8,9; Ps 89:28; Isa 59:17; Eph 6:14


the first row.

28:16,17,21; Re 21:19-21

sardius. or, ruby.

a diamond.

28:18; Eze 28:13The word {yahalom} may mean the diamond, from {halam,} to beat, smite, because of its extreme hardness, by which it will beat to pieces the other stones. It is a fine pellucid substance never debased with any admixture of other matter; susceptible of elegant tinges from metal-line particles; giving fire with steel; not fermenting with acid menstrua; scarcely calcinable by any degree of fire; and of one simple and permanent appearance in all lights. It is the hardest and most valuable of all gems; when pure, perfectly clear and pellucid as the clearest water, and eminently distinguished from all other substances by its vivid splendour, and the brightness of its reflections.

a ligure.{Leshem,} the ligure, the same as the jacinth, or hyacinth, a precious stone of a deep red, with a considerable tinge of yellow. Theophrastus and Pliny say it resembles the carbuncle, of a brightness sparkling like fire.

an agate.{Shevo,} the agate, a semi-pellucid compound gem, formed of different simple minerals, as chalcedony, cornelian, jasper. horn-stone, quartz, amethyst, opal, etc.; joined irregularly or in layers. It is of a white, reddish, yellowish, or greenish ground; and so variously figured in its substance as to represent plants, trees, animals, and other objects.

an amethyst.{Achlamah,} an amethyst, a transparent gem, composed of a strong blue and deep red; and according as either prevails, affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching to violet, and sometimes even fading to a pale rose colour.

a beryl.Tarshish, a pellucid gem, of a sea or blueish green colour.

a jasper.{Yaspeh,} the jasper, a hard stone, of which there are not less than fifteen varieties of colour, as green, red, yellow, brown, black, etc.

Re 21:12

chains at the ends.

28:14; 2Ch 3:5; So 1:10; Joh 10:28; 17:12; 1Pe 1:5; Jude 1:1

gold rings.



two wreathen.

28:14; So 1:10






as the Lord.

Mt 16:24; 1Co 1:25,27



they made.



Ga 5:22


28:33,34; Ps 89:15

the pomegranates.

So 4:13


28:34; So 4:3,13; 6:7


De 22:12; Mt 9:20


28:39-42; Le 8:13; Isa 61:10; Eze 44:18; Ro 3:22; 13:14; Ga 3:27

Php 2:6-8; 1Pe 1:13

fine.The word {Shesh} seems rather to mean cotton, than either fine linen or silk; called also {butz,} and by the Greeks, [byssos,] and Romans, {byssus.}

a mitre.

28:4,39; Eze 44:18



breeches.{Michnasim,} from {kanas,} to wrap round.

a girdle.{Avnet,} a belt or girdle, of the same kind as the eastern sash, which confines the loose garments about the waist; and in which their long skirts are tucked up when at work or on a journey.


the plate.

26:36; 28:36-39; 1Co 1:30; 2Co 5:21; Heb 1:3; 7:26


28:36; Zec 14:20; Tit 2:14; Re 5:10


all the.

33,42; 25:1-31:18; 35:1-40:38; Le 8:1-9:24; Nu 3:25,26,31,36,37

Nu 4:4-32


42,43; 25:40; 40:32; De 12:32; 1Sa 15:22; 1Ch 28:19; Mt 28:20

Heb 3:2; 8:5

the tent.

25:1-30:38; 31:7-11; 35:11-19; 36:1-40:38


the mercy seat.

25:17; Heb 9:5,8

the shewbread.

25:30; 1Ki 7:48

even with.

27:21; Mt 5:14-16; Php 2:15

sweet incense. Heb. the incense of sweet spice.

25:6; 30:7; 31:11; 35:8; 37:29; 2Ch 2:4

38:30; 1Ki 8:64



1; 31:10

the holy.



32; 23:21,22; 25:1-31:18; De 12:32; Mt 28:20; 2Ti 2:15; 4:7



did look.

40:25; Ge 1:31; Ps 104:31

blessed them.

Ge 14:19; Le 9:22,23; Nu 6:23-27; Jos 22:6; 2Sa 6:18; 1Ki 8:14

1Ch 16:2; 2Ch 6:3; 30:27; Ne 11:2; Ps 19:11
Copyright information for TSK