Exodus 5

1 Pharaoh chides Moses and Aaron for their message.

6 He increases the Israelites' task.

15 He checks their complaints.

19 They cry out upon Moses and Aaron.

22 Moses complains to God.

and told.

1Ki 21:20; Ps 119:46; Eze 2:6; Jon 3:3,4; Mt 10:18,28; Ac 4:29

a feast.

10:9; Isa 25:6; 1Co 5:8


3:19; 2Ki 18:35; 2Ch 32:15,19; Job 21:15; Ps 10:4; 12:4; 14:1

I know not.

1Sa 2:12; Joh 16:3; Ro 1:28; 2Th 1:8


3:19; Jer 44:16,17

The God.


lest he.

De 28:21; 2Ki 17:25; 2Ch 30:8; Ezr 7:23; Eze 6:11; Zec 14:16-19


Jer 38:4; Am 7:10; Lu 23:2; Ac 16:20,21; 24:5

let.{Taphreeoo,} from {pard,} to loose, disengage; and which we render let, from the Anglo-Saxon {lettan,} to hinder. Ye hinder the people from their work: "Get you unto your burdens." "Let religion alone and mind your work." The language not only of tyranny, but of thoughtless irreligion.



1:7-11; Pr 14:28

taskmasters.{Nogesim,} literally, exactors, oppressors. These taskmasters were Egyptians, (ch. 1:11,) but the officers were Hebrews. See ver. 14.

10,13,15,19; 1:11; Pr 12:10

officers.{Shoterim,} from the Arabic {saytara,} to overlook, superintend, seems to denote, as {musaytar} in Arabic also does, overseers, superintendents. They may have been somewhat like the chiefs of trades, who are found in every city in the East; where every trade has a head, who is entrusted with authority over them, and is in some measure answerable for them to Government. Compare ch. 2:14.

Nu 11:16; De 1:15; 16:18; Jos 8:33; 24:1,4; 2Ch 26:11

straw.The straw was mixed with clay, in order to make the bricks. This is expressly affirmed by Philo, (vit. Mos.) who was himself a native of Alexandria, in Egypt. He says, describing the oppression of the Israelites, that some were obliged to work in clay, and others to gather straw for the formation of bricks, [plinthou gar achyra desmos,] because straw is the binding of the brick. Philo's account is confirmed by Dr. Shaw, who says that "some of the Egyptian pyramids are made of brick, the composition whereof is only a mixture of clay, mud, and straw, slightly blended and kneaded together, and afterwards baked in the sun. The straw, which keeps the bricks together, and still preserves its original colour, seems to be a proof that these bricks were never burnt or made in kilns." The same materials are now used for building in Egypt. Mr. Baumgarten says, "The houses are for the most part of bricks that are only hardened by the heat of the sun, and mixed with straw to make them firm."

Ge 24:25; Jud 19:19

tale.Tale denotes number, from the Anglo-Saxon {tællan,} to number, count, etc.

ye shall lay.

Ps 106:41

Let there more work be laid upon the men. Heb. Let the workbe heavy upon the men. vain words.

2Ki 18:20; Job 16:3; Jer 43:2; Zec 1:6; Mal 3:14; Eph 5:6


1:11; Pr 29:12

not ought.



15:7; Isa 5:24; 47:14; Joe 2:5; Na 1:10; Ob 1:18; 1Co 3:12

daily tasks. Heb. a matter of a day in his day.




Mt 26:8; Joh 6:27; 2Th 3:10,11

yet shall ye deliver.

Eze 18:18; Da 2:9-13

evil case.

De 32:36; Ec 4:1; 5:8


The Lord.

4:31; 6:9; Ge 16:5

our savour.

Ec 10:1; Joe 2:20; 2Co 2:15,16

to be abhorred. Heb. to stink.

Ge 34:30; 1Sa 13:4; 27:12; 2Sa 10:6; 1Ch 19:6


17:4; 1Sa 30:6; Ps 73:25; Jer 12:1

why is it.

Nu 11:14,15; 1Ki 19:4,10; Jer 20:7; Hab 2:3

in thy name.

Ps 118:26; Jer 11:21; Joh 5:43

neither hast thou delivered. Heb. delivering, thou hast notdelivered.

Isa 26:17,18; 28:16; Heb 10:36,37
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