Ezekiel 40

1 The time, manner, and end of the vision of the city and temple.

6 The description of the east gate of the outer court;

20 of the north gate;

24 of the south gate;

27 of the south gate of the inner court;

32 of the east gate;

35 and of the north gate.

39 Eight tables.

44 The chambers.

48 The porch of the house.

In the five.On Tuesday, April 20.

1:2; 8:1; 29:17; 32:1,17


33:21; 2Ki 25:1-30; Jer 39:1-18; 52:1-34


Ex 12:41


1:3; 3:14,22; 11:24; 37:1; Re 1:10

the visions.There can be little doubt, that the grand outlines of the description of the temple, in the following extraordinary vision, were taken from that of Solomon's, with all the additions made to it in after ages; and we may suppose that Zerubbabel and the other Jews had respect to it, as far as circumstances would permit, in rebuilding the temple after the captivity. There are, however, many circumstances which conclusively shew, that something infinitely superior to either the first or second temple was intended; and that the external description must be considered as a figure and emblem of spiritual blessings. Probably the more immediate accomplishment of the prophecy will be subsequent to the conversion and restoration of the Jews, the destruction of Gog and Magog, and the pouring out of the Spirit, mentioned at the close of the last chapter; but whether there will be any external forms analogous to these cannot be determined, though in some respects it seems improbable.

1:1; 8:3; Da 7:1,7; Ac 2:17; 16:9; 2Co 12:1-7

a very.

17:22,23; Isa 2:2,3; Da 2:34,35; Mic 4:1; Re 21:10

by. or, upon. as the.

48:30-35; Ga 4:26; Re 21:10-23


1Ch 28:12,19

on the south.

Isa 48:2; 14:13


1:7,27; Da 10:5,6; Re 1:15


47:3; Isa 8:20; 28:17; Zec 2:1,2; Re 11:1; 21:15


2:7,8; 3:17; 43:10; 44:5; Mt 10:27; 13:9,51,52


Isa 21:10; Jer 26:2; Ac 20:27; 1Co 11:23

a wall.

42:20; Ps 125:2; Isa 26:1; 60:18; Zec 2:5; Re 21:12


De 3:11

so he.



20; 8:16; 11:1; 43:1; 44:1; 46:1,12; 1Ch 9:18,24; Ne 3:29; Jer 19:2

which looketh. Heb. whose face was the way. stairs.

26; 1Ki 6:8


10:18; 43:8; 46:2; 47:1; Ps 84:10; *marg:

one reed.


42:5; 1Ki 6:5-10; 1Ch 9:26; 23:28; 2Ch 3:9; 31:11; Ezr 8:29

Jer 35:4


the posts.


the little.


they three.The entrance into the outer court seems to have been through a porch with doors at both ends; and on each side of this porch were three small chambers, or rooms, for the use of the porters, a reed square in size, with a passage of five cubits between them. The common cubit, termed the "cubit of a man," (De 3:11,) was about 18 inches; but the cubit used by the angel was, as we learn from ch. 43:13, "a cubit and a hand breadth," or about three inches more than the common cubit, that is 21 inches. Hence the measuring reed, which was "six cubits long, by the cubit and the hand breadth," (ver. 5,) must have been about 10® feet


space. Heb. limit, or bound.


the gate.The whole arch of the east gate, measured from the southern extremity of one room to the northern extremity of the opposite room, was 25 cubits; including the dimensions of the two rooms, or twelve cubits, (ver. 7;) the spaces before the rooms, or two cubits, (ver. 12;) and the breadth of the entrance, ten cubits, (ver. 11;) making all 24 cubits, leaving one cubit for the thickness of the walls.


the court.

8:7; 42:1; Ex 27:9; 35:17; Le 6:16; 1Ch 28:6; Ps 100:4; Isa 62:9

the face of the gate.This was the whole length of the porch, from the outward front, (ch. 41:21, 25,) to the inner side which looks into the first court, (ver. 17,) including the thickness of the walls, (ver. 6,) chambers, (ver. 7,) and spaces between them.


narrow. Heb. closed.

41:16; 1Ki 6:4; 1Co 13:12

the little.


arches. or, galleries, or porches.

21,22,25,30; 41:15; 42:3; Joh 5:2

inward. or, within. palm trees.

1Ki 6:29,32,35; 2Ch 3:5; Ps 92:12; Re 7:9

the outward.

10:5; 42:1; 46:21; Re 11:2

there were.

1Ki 6:5; 1Ch 9:26; 23:28; 2Ch 31:11


42:4; 45:5


unto the.

23,27; 46:1,2

without. or, from without.

the gate.


that looked. Heb. whose face was.

the little.


arches. or, galleries, or porches.




palm trees.

16,31,37; 1Ki 6:29,32,35; 7:36; 2Ch 3:5; Re 7:9

and they.

6,26,31,34,37,49; Heb 6:1

before them.Or, "suitable to them," that is, to the arches of the east gate. The north gate into the outward court, and every thing belonging to it, were exactly the same as the east gate.

the gate of.That is, the gate of the inner court was opposite, and exactly answered to the gate of the outward court, both on the north and east side; and between the gates of the outward and inner court was a space of an hundred cubits.


and he.

Ex 27:9-18; 38:9-12

and behold.

6,20,35; 46:9

and he.


according.That is, according to the measures of the eastern and northern gates. There does not appear to have been any gates on the west, though the courts seem to have extended to the western wall


16,22,29; Joh 12:46; 1Co 13:12; 2Pe 1:19

the length.



6,22,29; 2Pe 3:18

palm trees.

16,22; Ps 92:12,13; So 7:7,8

in the.


and he.


he brought.As the outward court inclosed the inner, the prophet was led from the south gate of the outward court to the south gate of the inner, which was opposite it, and so into the inner court itself.



the little.The entrance into the inner court seems to have been through a portico, exactly like that at each gate of the outward court; but the ascent was by eight steps, instead of seven.

7,10,12; 1Ch 28:11,12; 2Ch 31:11; Ne 13:5,9; Jer 35:2-4; 36:10

and there.


the arches.These are supposed to have been built over the spaces which separated the little chambers, or porters' lodges.

five and.


five cubits.Instead of five cubits, it seems evident, from the parallel places, that we should read twenty-five: the word {êsrim} appears to have been lost out of the text.

broad. Heb. breadth.

and palm.




into the.


it was.


palm trees.That is, probably, the capital of each pillar was ornamented with sculpture, representing leaves or branches of the palm tree.

eight steps.


to the.

27,32; 44:4; 47:2

measured.The north gate, as well as the east, was built in the same manner, and of the same dimensions, as the south gate. See the parallel passages.



the posts.


the utter court.That is, "the outer court," as the word utter primarily denotes.

the chambers.

12; 41:10,11; 1Ki 6:8

where.This place, where the legs and entrails of the sacrifices, especially of the burnt offerings, were washed, was just within the portico of the north entrance to the inner court, or court of the priests. An allusion to this is most probably made by the inspired apostle when writing his Epistle to the Hebrews, at the 10th chapter and 22nd verse. "Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water."

Le 1:9; 8:21; Heb 10:22

tables on that.

41:22; 44:16; Mal 1:7,12; Lu 22:30; 1Co 10:16-21

the burnt.

Le 1:3-17

the sin.

Le 4:2,3,13-35; Isa 53:5,10; 2Co 5:21

the trespass.

Le 5:6-13; 6:6; 7:1,2

at the side.Two tables were on each side, as you come into the porch of the gate; and two on each side of the inner part of the gate that looked towards the altar; in all eight tables, on which they slew and cut up the victims. It does not appear that any such tables were used either in the tabernacle or temple; and this seems to intimate the introduction of a new and more spiritual dispensation: See the referemces.

as one goeth up. or, at the step.




within.These were probably for hanging up the victims in order to flay them.

hooks. or, end-irons, or, the two hearth-stones. upon.

Le 1:6,8; 8:20

the inner.



7,10,29; 1Ch 6:31,32; 16:41-43; 25:1-31; Eph 5:19; Col 3:16

chamber.The word chamber probably here denotes a row of chambers, of which there seems to have been three: one for the singers; one for the priests who in their courses took charge of the sacred vessels and treasures; and one for the priests who attended on the altar and sacrifices.



the keepers.

Le 8:35; Nu 3:27,28,32,38; 18:5; 1Ch 6:49; 9:23; 2Ch 13:11

Ps 134:1; Mal 2:4-7; 1Ti 6:20; Re 1:6

charge. or, ward, or, ordinance, and so ver.


the keepers.

44:15; Le 6:12,13; Nu 18:5


43:19; 44:15; 48:11; 1Ki 2:35

which come.

Le 10:3; Nu 16:5,40; Eph 2:13

court.This was the inner court, or court of the priests, which was of the same dimensions with each division of the outer court; and the altar stood directly before the porch of the temple.

an hundred cubits long.


the porch.The length of the porch was twenty cubits, the same as the breadth of the temple, and the breadth eleven cubits, that is, one cubit more than in Solomon's temple. Two bivalve, or folding doors, each leaf of them being three cubits wide, seem to have formed the entrance; which, with five cubits, perhaps of brick or stone work, one each side, called "the post of the porch," amount to sixteen cubits; and the other four cubits may be supposed to have been the distance from these posts to the outside walls of the temple.

1Ki 6:3; 2Ch 3:4

The steps.This was a flight of steps which led from the inner court into the temple.



1Ki 7:15-21; 2Ch 3:17; Jer 52:17-23; Re 3:12
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