Isaiah 361 Sennacherib invades Judah.2 Rabshakeh, sent by Sennacherib, by blasphemous persuasions solicits the people to revolt.22 His words are told to Hezekiah. it came.2Ki 18:13,17; 2Ch 32:1that Sennacherib.1:7,8; 7:17; 8:7,8; 10:28-32; 33:7,8 A.M. 3294. B.C. 710. sent.2Ki 18:17-37; 2Ch 32:9-23the conduit.7:3; 22:9-11 Eliakim.22:15-20Shebna.2Sa 8:16,17; 20:24,25scribe. or, secretary. Thus saith.10:8-14; 37:11-15; Pr 16:18; Eze 31:3-18; Da 4:30; Ac 12:22,23Jude 1:16Assyria.Assyria proper, now Kourdistan, was bounded by Armenia on the north, Media and Persia on the east, Babylonia on the south, and the Tigris, which divides it from Mesopotamia, on the west, between 33 degrees and 38 degrees N. lat. and 42 degrees and 46 degrees E. long. But the Assyrian empire, the bounds of which were different at different times, in its most flourishing state, according to the descriptions of the Greek and Roman writers, comprehended all the countries and nations between the Mediterranean on the west, and the Indus on the east, and between the deserts of Scythia on the north, and the Indian ocean on the south. What.2Ki 18:5,19-37; 19:10; 2Ch 32:7-10,14-16; Ps 42:3,10; 71:10,11 vain words. Heb. a word of lips. I have counsel andstrength for war. or, but counsel and strength are for the war. Pr 21:30,31; 24:5,6that.2Ki 18:7; 24:1; Ne 2:19,20; Jer 52:3; Eze 17:15 20:5,6; 30:1-7; 31:3; 2Ki 17:4; 18:21; Jer 37:5-8; Eze 29:6,7 We trust.2Ki 18:5,22; 1Ch 5:20; 2Ch 16:7-9; 32:7,8; Ps 22:4,5; 42:5,10,11is it not.De 12:2-6,13,14; 2Ki 18:4; 2Ch 30:14; 31:1; 32:12; 1Co 2:15 pledges. or, hostages.2Ki 14:14and I.10:13,14; 1Sa 17:40-43; 1Ki 20:10,18; 2Ki 18:23; Ne 4:2-5Ps 20:7,8; 123:3,4 the least.10:8; 2Ki 18:24and put.6; 30:16,17; De 17:16; Pr 21:31; Jer 2:36 10:5-7; 37:28; 1Ki 13:18; 2Ki 18:25; 2Ch 35:21; Am 3:6 in the Syrian.2Ki 18:26,27; Ezr 4:7; Da 2:4 that they may.9:20; Le 26:29; De 28:53-57; 2Ki 6:25-29; 18:27; Jer 19:9La 4:9,10; Eze 4:16 cried.1Sa 17:8-11; 2Ki 18:28-32; 2Ch 32:18; Ps 17:10-13; 73:8,9; 82:6,7Hear.4; 8:7; 10:8-13; Eze 31:3-10; Da 4:37 37:10-13; 2Ki 19:10-13,22; 2Ch 32:11,13-19; Da 3:15-17; 6:20Da 7:25; 2Th 2:4; Re 13:5,6 7; 37:23,24; Ps 4:2; 22:7,8; 71:9-11; Mt 27:43 Make an agreement with me by a present. or, Seek my favourby a present. Heb. Make with me a blessing. Ge 32:20; 33:11; 1Sa 25:27; 2Sa 8:6; 2Ki 5:15; 18:31; 2Co 9:5; *marg:come out.1Sa 11:3; 2Ki 24:12-16eat ye.1Ki 4:20,25; Mic 4:4; Zec 3:10 I come.2Ki 17:6-23; 18:9-12; 24:11; Pr 12:10a land of corn.Ex 3:8; De 8:7-9; 11:12; Job 20:17The other copy in 2 Ki 18:32, adds here, "a land of oil olive, and of honey; that ye may live, and not die: and hearken not unto Hezekiah when he seduceth you." lest.7,10,15; 37:10; Ps 12:4; 92:5-7Hath.37:12,13,17,18; 2Ki 18:33-35; 19:12,13,17,18; 2Ch 32:13-17Ps 115:2-8; 135:5,6,15-18; Jer 10:3-5,10-12; Da 3:15; Hab 2:19,20 Hamath.Nu 34:8; 2Sa 8:9Arphad.The variation of Arphad and Arpad exists only in the translation; the original being uniformly ['Arpâd .] 10:9; Jer 49:23Arpad.Sepharvaim.Calmet is of opinion that Sepharvaim was the capital of the Saspires, who, according to Herodotus, were the only people that inhabited between the Colchians and Medes; and probably the Sarapases, whom Strabo places in Armenia. Hiller considers the name as denoting Sephar of the Parvaim, i.e., Mount Sephar adjacent to the regions of Arabia called Parvaim. But it is more probable, as Wells and others suppose, that Sepharvaim is the [Sipphara,] Sipphara, of Ptolemy, the [Sipparenon polis,] the city of the Sippareni, mentioned by Abydenus, and probably the Hipparenum of Pliny, a city of Mesopotamia, situated upon the Euphrates, near where it is divided into two arms, by one of which, it is probable, it was divided into two parts. 2Ki 17:24and have.10:10,11; 2Ki 17:5-7; 18:10-12 that the Lord.37:18,19,23-29; 45:16,17; Ex 5:2; 2Ki 19:22-37; 2Ch 32:15,19Job 15:25,26; 40:9-12; Ps 50:21; 73:9; Da 3:15 2Ki 18:26,37; Ps 38:13-15; 39:1; Pr 9:7; 26:4; Am 5:13; Mt 7:6 Eliakim.3,11with their.33:7; 37:1,2; 2Ki 5:7; Ezr 9:3; Mt 26:65The history of the invasion of Sennacherib, observes Bp. Lowth, and the miraculous destruction of his army, which makes the subject of so many of Isaiah's prophecies, is very properly inserted here, as affording the best light to many parts of these prophecies; and as almost necessary to introduce the prophecy in the 37th chapter, being the answer of God to Hezekiah's prayer, which could not be properly understood without it. Sennacherib succeeded his father Shalmaneser on the throne of Assyria, A.M. 3290, B.C. 714, and reigned only about eight years.
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