Joshua 101 Five kings war against Gibeon.6 Joshua rescues it.10 God fights against them with hailstones.12 The sun and moon stand still at the word of Joshua.16 The five kings are mured in a cave.22 They are brought forth;24 scornfully used;26 and hanged.28 Seven kings more are conquered.43 Joshua returns to Gilgal. Adoni-zedec.Ge 14:18; Heb 7:1as he had.6:21; 8:2,22-29how the.9:15-27; 11:19,20 they feared.2:9-13,24; Ex 15:14-16; De 11:25; 28:10; Ps 48:4-6; Pr 1:26,27Pr 10:24; Heb 10:27,31; Re 6:15-17Gibeon.Gibeon was situated on an eminence, as its name imports, 40 furlongs north from Jerusalem, according to Josephus. the royal cities. Heb. cities of the kingdom.1Sa 27:5; 2Sa 12:26 king of Jerusalem.1,5; 12:10-13; 15:35-39,54,63; 18:28Hebron.Hebron was situated on an eminence, 20 miles south of Jerusalem, and the same distance north of Beersheba. It is now called El Khalil, "the well-beloved," the usual epithet which the Turks and Arabs apply to Abraham, whose sepulchral cave they still shew; over which St. Helena built a magnificent church. Its original site was on an eminence, at the southern foot of which the present village is pleasantly situated, on which are the remains of an ancient castle, its sole defence. 14:15; Ge 23:2; 37:14; Nu 13:22; 2Sa 2:11Lachish.2Ki 18:14,17; 2Ch 11:9; Mic 1:13 and help.Isa 8:9,10; 41:5-7; Ac 9:24-27; 21:28; Re 16:14; 20:8-10we may.1; 9:15; Mt 16:24; Joh 15:19; 16:2,3; Ac 9:23; 2Ti 3:12; Jas 4:41Pe 4:4 6; 9:1,2; Ge 15:16; Isa 8:9,10 to the camp.5:10; 9:6Slack.2Ki 4:24from thy.9:15,24,25; Isa 33:22mountains.21:11; De 1:15; Ps 125:2; Lu 1:39 Isa 8:12,14 1:5-9; 8:1; 11:6; De 3:2; 20:1-4; Jud 4:14,15; Ps 27:1,2Isa 41:10-15; Ro 8:31 all night.1Sa 11:9-11; Pr 22:29; 24:11,12; Ec 9:10; 2Ti 2:3; 4:2 the Lord.11:8; Jud 4:15; 1Sa 7:10-12; 2Ch 14:12; Ps 18:14; 44:3; 78:55at Gibeon.Isa 28:21Beth-horon.16:3,5; 21:22; 1Sa 13:18Azekah.11; 15:35; Jer 34:7Makkedah.28; 12:16; 15:41 the Lord.Ge 19:24; Ex 9:22-26; Jud 5:20; Ps 11:6; 18:12-14; 77:17,18Isa 28:2; 30:30; Eze 13:11; Re 11:19; 16:21 Sun.Joshua doubtless acted, on this occasion, by an immediate impulse upon his mind from the Spirit of God. The terms here employed to record the miracle, agree with the accustomed manner in which the the motions of the earth and sun are described in our own day. The sun apparently moves, but really is stationary; while the diurnal movement of the earth on its axis is by us unnoticed, and would not have been known except by astronomical science. The sun appeared to the Israelites over Gibeon, and the moon over the valley of Ajalon, and there they stayed in their course for "a whole day." Many vain enquiries have been made concerning the way in which this miracle was wrought, and many difficulties and objections have been urged against understanding it literally. But the fact is authenticated by the Divine testimony; and the manner in which it was accomplished lies entirely out of our province, because beyond our comprehension. 13; De 4:19; 17:3; Job 9:7; 31:26,27; Ps 19:4; 74:16; 148:3Isa 28:21; 38:8; 60:20; Am 8:9; Hab 3:11stand thou. Heb. be silent.Hab 2:20; *marg:Zec 2:13Ajalon.19:42; Jud 12:12Aijalon. until.Nu 31:2; Jud 5:2; 16:28; Es 8:13; Lu 18:7; Re 6:10Jasher. or, the upright.Nu 21:14; 2Sa 1:18So the sun.11,14; Ps 19:4; 74:16,17; 136:7-9; 148:3; Isa 24:23; 38:8Joe 2:10,31; 3:15; Mt 5:45; 24:29; Ac 2:20; Re 6:12; 8:12; 16:8,9Re 21:23 there was.2Ki 20:10,11; Isa 38:8the Lord.Zec 4:6,7; Mt 21:21,22; Mr 11:22-24; Lu 17:6for the Lord.42; 23:3; De 1:30 6,43 and hid.Ps 48:4-6; 139:7-10; Isa 2:10-12; Am 9:2; Re 6:15in a cave.Jud 6:2; 1Sa 13:6; 24:3,8; Isa 2:19-22; 24:21,22; Mic 7:17 This information brought to Joshua, is an evidence that there were those of the country, who knew the holes and fastnesses of it, that were in his interests. And the care Joshua took to secure them there, as it is an instance of his policy and presence of mind, even in the heat of action; so, in the success of their project, it shews how they who think to hide themselves from God, not only deceive, but destroy themselves. Their refuge of lies will but bind them over to God's judgment. 17 22; Jud 9:46-49; Job 21:30; Am 5:19; 9:1; Mt 27:66 stay ye.Ps 18:37-41; Jer 48:10smite. Heb. cut off the tail.Isa 9:14,15suffer them.20; 2Sa 17:13; 20:6; Jer 8:14 had made.10; 8:24; 2Ch 13:17fenced cities.2Sa 20:6; Jer 8:14 to the camp.15-17none.Ex 11:7; Isa 54:17; 57:4 1Sa 15:32See on ver.16-18 1,3,5 put your feet.De 33:29; Jud 8:20; Ps 2:8-12; 18:40; 91:13; 107:40; 110:1,5Ps 149:8,9; Isa 26:5,6; 60:11,12; Mal 4:3; Ro 16:20; Re 2:26,27 Fear not.1:9; De 31:6-8; 1Sa 17:37; Ps 63:9; 77:11; 2Co 1:10; 2Ti 4:17,18be strong.Eph 6:10thus shall.De 3:21,22; 7:19; Ro 8:37 Joshua.Jud 8:21; 1Sa 15:33hanged.8:29; Nu 25:4; De 21:22,23; 2Sa 21:6,9; Es 2:23; 7:9,10; Mt 27:25Ga 3:13 they took.8:29; De 21:23; 2Sa 18:17until this very day.4:9; 7:26 Makkedah.Situated, according to Eusebius, 8 miles east from Eleutheropolis. It was afterwards assigned to the tribe of Judah. 15:41them.32,35,37,39; 6:21; De 7:2,16; 20:16,17; Ps 21:8,9; 110:1; Lu 19:271Co 15:25and he did.30; 8:2 Libnah.This city was situated in the south of Judah, and in the district of Eleutheropolis, according to Eusebius and Jerome. It is probably the Libnah in the neighbourhood of which the Israelites encamped. 12:15; 15:42; 21:13; Nu 33:20; 2Ki 8:22; 19:8; Jer 52:1as he did.28; 6:21; 8:2,29 30 Lachish.Lachish was also situated in the south of Judah, seven miles south from Eleutheropolis, according to Eusebius and Jerome. It appears to have been anciently a very strong place; for though the people were panic struck, and the Israelites flushed with success, yet Joshua could not reduce it till the second day; and the king of Assyria afterwards was obliged to raise the siege. 3,5; 12:11; 15:39; 2Ki 19:8; 2Ch 11:9; Isa 37:8; Mic 1:13 to Libnah.30 Gezer.Gezer was situated on the confines of Ephraim and Manasseh, between Beth-horon and the sea; and is evidently the village of Gazara mentioned by Eusebius, four miles (north) from Nicopolis or Emmaus. 12:12; 16:3,10; 21:21; Jud 1:29; 1Ki 9:16,17; 1Ch 6:67; 20:4 Eglon.This town appears to have been no great distance from Lachish, with which it is mentioned, ch. 15:39, as one of the cities given to Judah. 3; 12:12; 15:39 on that day.32utterly.37; Le 26:44; Job 19:10 Hebron.3,5; 14:13,14; 15:13,54; 21:13; Ge 13:18; Nu 13:22; Jud 1:102Sa 5:1-5; 15:9,10; 1Ch 12:23,28 the king.From ver. 23, we learn that the king of Hebron was one of the five whom Joshua slew and hanged on five trees at Makkedah. This slaying of the king of Hebron, therefore, must either refer to what had already been done, or the Hebronites had set up another, whom Joshua now slew when he took the city. according.35 Debir.Debir was situated in the south of the tribe of Judah, near Hebron. The expression of Joshua's returning to Debir, probably denotes, that having carried his conquests in the southern parts as far as Gaza, (ver. 41,) which was in the south-west angle of Canaan, he then marched back to besiege Debir. 12:13; 15:15,49; 21:15; Jud 1:11-15 he left none.33,37,40; 11:8; De 3:3; 2Ki 10:11; Ob 1:18 all the country.15:21-63; 18:21-28; 19:1-8,40-48utterly.35,37; 1Ki 15:29; Ps 9:17; 2Th 1:7-9as the Lord.6:17; 8:2,27; 9:24; Ex 23:31-33; 34:12; De 7:2-16; 26:16,17 Kadesh-barnea.14:6,7; Nu 13:26; 32:8; 34:4; De 9:23Gaza.Ge 10:19; Jud 16:1,21; 1Sa 6:17; Zec 9:5; Ac 8:26all the country.The country of Goshen, mentioned here, seems to have been in the south of Judah; and to have taken its name from the city of Goshen, situated in the same tribe. 11:16; 15:51Gibeon.2,12; 1Ki 3:5 because.14; Ex 14:14,25; De 20:4; Ps 44:3-8; 46:1,7,11; 80:3; 118:6Isa 8:9,10; 43:4; Ro 8:31-37 unto the camp.15; 4:19; 1Sa 11:14
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