Joshua 7

1 The Israelites are smitten at Ai.

6 Joshua's complaint.

10 God instructs him what to do.

16 Achan is taken by the lot.

19 His confession.

24 He and all he had are destroyed in the valley of Achor.

committed.

20,21; 22:16; 2Ch 24:18; Ezr 9:6; Da 9:7

for Achan.

22:20; 1Ch 2:6,7

Achar, Zimri. took.

6:17,18

the anger.

22:18; 2Sa 24:1; 1Ch 21:7; Ec 9:18; Jon 1:7; 1Co 5:1-6

Heb 12:15,16

to Ai.

12:9; Ge 12:8

Hai.

Ne 11:31

Aija. Beth-aven.

18:12; Ge 28:19; Ho 4:15

Go up.

2:1; Pr 20:18; 24:6; Mt 10:16; Eph 5:15

about two. Heb. about 2,000 men, or about 3,000 men.labour.

Pr 13:4; 21:25; Lu 13:24; Heb 4:11; 6:11,12; 2Pe 1:5,10

fled.

Le 26:17; De 28:25; 32:30; Isa 30:17; 59:2

for they.

De 1:44

the going down. or, Morad. wherefore.

2:9,11; 5:1; Le 26:36; Ps 22:14; Isa 13:7

rent.

Ge 37:29,34; Nu 14:6; 2Sa 13:31; Ezr 9:3-5; Es 4:1; Job 1:20

Ac 14:14

fell.

Nu 16:22,45; 2Sa 12:16

until the eventide.

Jud 20:23,26; 21:2; 2Sa 1:12

put dust.Rending the clothes, beating the breast, tearing the hair, throwing dust upon the head, and falling prostrate, were usual signs of deep affliction and distress among the ancient Israelites. In illustration of this custom, see 1 Sa 4:12, when the messenger brought tidings to Eli of the discomfiture of the armies of Israel by the Philistines; again, in the case of Tamar, 2 Sa 13:19, and in Ne 9:1, when a whole nation, "assembled with fasting, and with sackcloth, and earth upon them." See also the case of Mordecai, Es 4:1, and Job 2:12, where his friends abased themselves to comfort him; refer also to Eze 27:30. Jon 3:6. Mic 1:10. In each of these instances it is worthy of remark, that putting dust on the head generally follows rending of the clothes, and was the usual mode of evincing poignant sorrow.

wherefore.

Ex 5:22,23; Nu 14:3; 2Ki 3:10; Ps 116:11; Jer 12:1,2; Heb 12:5

to deliver.

Ex 14:11,12; 17:3; Nu 20:4,5; Mt 17:17,20; Mr 8:17,18

would to.

Ex 16:3

and dwelt.

1:2-4

what shall.

Ezr 9:10; Hab 2:1; Ro 3:5,6

back. Heb. necks.

shall hear.

Ex 32:12; Nu 14:13

environ.

Ps 83:4; 124:2,3

what wilt thou.

De 32:26,27; Ps 106:6-8; Eze 20:9; 36:22,23; Joe 2:17; Joh 12:28

wherefore.

Ex 14:15; 1Sa 15:22; 16:1; 1Ch 22:16

liest. Heb. fallest.

6

Israel.

1,20,21

transgressed.

23:16; De 17:2; Jud 2:20; 2Ki 18:12; Isa 24:5; 50:1,2; Jer 31:32

Ho 6:7

the accursed.

21; 6:17-19

stolen.

Mal 3:8,9; Mt 22:21

dissembled.

2Ki 5:25,26; Joh 12:5,6; Ac 5:1,2,9; Heb 4:13

among.

Le 5:15; Hab 2:6; Zec 5:4

the children.

22:18-20; Nu 14:45; Jud 2:4; Ps 5:4,5; Pr 28:1; Isa 59:2; Hab 1:13

they were.

6:18; De 7:26; Hag 2:13,14

neither.

Jer 6:8; 23:33; Ho 9:12

sanctify.

3:5; Ex 19:10-15; La 3:40,41; Joe 2:16,17; Zep 2:1,2

an accursed.

11; 2Ch 28:10; Mt 7:5

take away.

1Co 5:1-6,11-13

the tribe.

17,18; 1Sa 10:19-21; 14:38-42; Pr 16:33; Jon 1:7; Ac 1:24-26

he that is.

25,26; De 13:15,16; 1Sa 14:38,39

he hath.

11

wrought.

Ge 34:7; Jud 20:6; 1Sa 26:21; 2Sa 13:13

folly. or, wickedness.

rose up.

3:1; Ge 22:3; Ps 119:60; Ec 9:10

and brought.

14

Ge 38:30

Zarah.

Nu 26:20; 1Ch 2:4-7

was taken.

Nu 32:23; 1Sa 14:42; Pr 13:21; Jer 2:26; Ac 5:1-10

My son.

2Ti 2:25; Tit 2:2; Jas 1:20; 1Pe 3:8,9

give.

1Sa 6:5; Isa 13:12; Jer 13:16; Lu 17:18; Joh 9:24; Re 16:9

make.

Nu 5:6,7; 2Ch 30:22; 33:12,13; Ezr 10:10,11; Ps 32:5; 51:3

Pr 28:13; Jer 3:12,13; Da 9:4; Ro 10:10; 1Jo 1:8-10

tell me.

1Sa 14:43; Jon 1:8-10

Indeed.

Ge 42:21; Ex 10:16; Nu 22:34; 1Sa 15:24,30; Job 7:20; 33:27

Ps 38:18; Mt 27:4

I saw.

Ge 3:6; 6:2; 2Sa 11:2; Job 31:1; Ps 119:37; Pr 23:31; 28:22

Mt 5:28,29; 1Jo 2:15,16

Babylonish garment.{Addereth shinâr,} "a splendid or costly robe of Shinar," the plain in which Babylon stood. Bochart and Calmet have shewn at large, that Babylonish robes were very splendid, and in high reputation. Calmet says, they are generally allowed to have been of various colours, though some suppose they were woven thus; others, that they were embroidered with the needle; and others, that they were painted. Silius Italicus seems to think they were woven. Martial supposes them to have been embroidered with the needle; and Pliny and Apuleius speak of them as painted.

Ge 10:10; *marg:

wedge. Heb. tongue. I coveted.

Ex 20:17; De 7:25; 1Ki 21:1,2; 2Ki 5:20-27; Hab 2:9; Lu 12:15

Ro 7:7,8; Eph 5:3; Col 3:5; 1Ti 6:9,10; Heb 13:5; 2Pe 2:15

took them.

Pr 4:23; Mic 2:1,2; Jas 1:15

they are hid.

2Sa 11:6-17; 2Ki 5:24,25; Isa 28:15; 29:15; Lu 12:2

22

laid them out. Heb. poured.

23

took Achan.

1; Job 20:15; Pr 15:27; Ec 5:13; Eze 22:13,14; 1Ti 6:9,10

his sons.

6:18,21; Ge 18:25; Ex 20:5; Nu 16:27-31; Job 20:23-28

the valley.

26; 15:7; Isa 65:10; Ho 2:15

Why hast.

11-13; 6:18; Ge 34:30; 1Ki 18:17,18; 1Ch 2:7; Hab 2:6-9; Ga 5:12

2Th 1:6; Heb 12:15

all Israel.

Le 20:2; 24:14; De 13:10; 17:5; 21:21; 22:21-24

burned.

15; Ge 38:24; Le 20:14; 21:9

raised.

8:29; 10:27; 2Sa 18:17; La 3:53

So the Lord.

De 13:17; 2Sa 21:14; Isa 40:2; Joe 2:13,18; Joh 3:9,10; Zec 6:8

The valley.

24; Isa 65:10; Ho 2:15

Achor. that is, Trouble.

25
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