Judges 1

then shall.

2Ki 24:20



1 The acts of Judah and Simeon.

4 Adonibezek justly requited.

8 Jerusalem taken.

10 Hebron taken.

11 Othniel has Achsah to wife for taking of Debir.

16 The Kenites dwell in Judah.

17 Hormah, Gaza, Askelon, and Ekron taken.

21 The acts of Benjamin.

22 Of the house of Joseph, who take Beth-el.

30 Of Zebulun.

31 Of Asher.

33 Of Naphtali.

34 Of Dan.


Jos 24:29,30


20:18,28; Ex 28:30; Nu 27:21; 1Sa 22:9,10; 23:9,10

Ge 49:8-10; Nu 2:3; 7:12; Ps 78:68-70; Heb 7:14; Re 5:5; 19:11-16


Ge 29:33; Jos 19:1

I likewise.

17; 2Sa 10:11


Ex 23:28,29; De 7:2; 9:3; Jos 10:8-10; 11:6-8; 1Sa 14:6,10

1Sa 17:46,47; 1Ki 22:6,15

Bezek.Eusebius and Jerome mention two villages of this name, near each other, about seventeen miles from Shechem, towards Scythopolis.

1Sa 11:8



their thumbs. Heb. the thumbs of their hands and of theirfeet. This was not an unusual act of cruelty in ancient times towards enemies.--Ælian informs us, that in after ages "the Athenians, at the instigation of Cleon, son of Cleoenetus, made a decree that all the inhabitants of the island of Ægina should have the thumb cut off from the right hand, so that they might ever after be disabled from holding a spear, yet might handle an oar." It was a custom among those Romans who did not like a military life, to cut off their thumbs, that they might be incapable of serving in the army; and for the same reason, parents sometimes cut off the thumbs of their children.

gathered. or, gleaned. as I have.

Ex 21:23-25; Le 24:19-21; 1Sa 15:33; Isa 33:1; Mt 7:1,2

Lu 6:37,38; Ro 2:15; Jas 2:13; Re 13:10; 16:6

21; Jos 15:63


Jos 10:36; 11:21; 15:13-20

valley. or, low country.


Jos 14:15


20; Nu 13:22,33; Jos 15:13,14; Ps 33:16,17; Ec 9:11; Jer 9:23


Jos 10:38,39; 15:15

And Caleb.The whole of this account is found in Jos 15:13-19, and seems to be inserted here by way of recapitulation.

Jos 15:16,17; 1Sa 17:25; 18:23

to him.In ancient times fathers assumed an absolute right over their children, especially in disposing of them in marriage; and it was customary for a king or great man to promise his daughter in marriage to him who should take a city, etc.


And it came.

Jos 15:18,19

and she lighted.{Watitznach,} "she hastily or suddenly alighted," as if she had forgotten something, or was about to return.

a blessing.

Ge 33:11; 1Sa 25:18,27; 2Co 9:5; *marg:

Heb 6:7; 1Pe 3:9

a south land.Which was probably dry, or very ill watered.

give me also springs of water.Let me have some fields with brooks, or wells already digged.

the Kenite.

4:11,17; Nu 10:29-32; 24:21,22; 1Sa 15:6; 1Ch 2:15; Jer 35:2


Ex 3:1; 4:18; 18:1,7,12,14-17,27; Nu 10:29

city of palm.

3:13; De 34:3; 2Ch 28:16


Nu 21:1; Jos 12:14

they went.

Nu 10:29-32; 1Sa 15:6

And Judah.



2Ch 14:10

Zephathah. Hormah.

Nu 14:45; 21:3; Jos 19:4

Also Judah.There is the following remarkable variation here in the Septuagint: [Kai ouk ekléronomésen Ioudas tén Gazan, oude ta horia autés; oude tén Askalóna, oude ta horia autés; kai tén Akkarón, oude ta horia autés; tén Azóton, oude ta perisporia autés.] "But Judah did not possess Gaza, nor the coasts thereof; nor Askelon, nor the coasts thereof; nor Ekron, nor the coasts thereof; nor Ashdod, nor the coasts thereof." Procopius and Augustine read the same; and Josephus (Ant. 1. v. c. 2) says that the Israelites only took Askelon and Ashdod, but not Gaza or Ekron; and from ch. 3:3, and the whole succeeding history, it appears that these cities were not in the possession of the Israelites, but of the Philistines.


3:3; 16:1,2,21; Ex 23:31

See on

Jos 11:22; 13:3; 15:45-47; 1Sa 6:17

the Lord.

2; 6:12,13; Ge 39:2,21; Jos 1:5,9; 14:12; 2Sa 5:10; 2Ki 18:7

Ps 46:7,11; 60:12; Ec 9:11; Isa 7:14; 8:10; 41:10,14,15; Mt 1:23

Ro 8:31

he drave, etc. or he possessed the mountain. but could.Not because the iron chariots were too strong for Omnipotence, or because he refused to help them; but because their courage and faith failed when they saw them.

27-32; Jos 7:12; Mt 14:30,31; 17:19,20; Php 4:13


Ex 14:7-31; Jos 11:1-9; 17:16-18; Ps 46:9

they gave.

Nu 14:24; De 1:36; Jos 14:9-14; 15:13,14; 21:11,12

the three sons.

10; Nu 13:22

19:10-12; Jos 15:63; 18:11-28; 2Sa 5:6-9

the house.

Nu 1:10,32; Jos 14:4; 16:1-4; 1Ch 7:29; Re 7:8

the Lord.

19; Ge 49:24; 2Ki 18:7


18:2; Jos 2:1; 7:2


Ge 28:19; 35:6; 48:3

we will.

Jos 2:12-14; 1Sa 30:15

they smote.

Jos 6:22-25

the land.

2Ki 7:6; 2Ch 1:17


Jos 17:11-13


5:19; Jos 21:25

the Canaanites.

Ex 23:32; De 7:2; 1Sa 15:9; Ps 106:34,35; Jer 48:10


Jos 16:10; 1Ki 9:16

Kitron.The Talmudists say Kitron is "tzippor," that is, Sepphoris, or Diocæsarea, a celebrated city of Galilee, now the village Safoury, situated in the plain of Esdraelon, twenty miles (north-west) from Tiberias, according to Benjamin of Tudela.


Jos 19:15


Jos 19:24-30

Accho.Accho, the Ptolemais of the Greeks and Romans, and called Saint John of Acre by the Crusaders, is situated on the Mediterranean, in a fine plain, at the north angle of a bay to which it gives name, and which extends in a semicircle of three leagues as far as Carmel, and nine leagues from Tyre.

Zidon.Another celebrated city of Phoenicia, now Saidè, situated in a fine country on the Mediterranean, 400 stadia from Berytus, and 200 (north) from Tyre, according to Strabo, one day's journey from Paneas, according to Josephus, and sixty-six miles from Damascus, according to Abulfeda.

Achzib.Or, Ecdippa, now Zib, nine miles north, from Accho.

Ps 106:34,35


Jos 19:32-38

he dwelt.



30,35; Ps 18:24

18:1; Jos 19:47


12:12; Jos 10:12


Jos 19:42; 1Ki 4:9

prevailed. Heb. was heavy.

from the going. or, Maaleh-akrabbim.

Nu 34:4; Jos 15:2
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