Leviticus 4

1 The sin offering of ignorance;

3 for the priest;

13 for the congregation;

22 for the ruler;

27 for any of the people;

1

through.

5:15,17; Nu 15:22-29; De 19:4; 1Sa 14:27; Ps 19:12; 1Ti 1:13

Heb 5:2; 9:7

which ought.

27; Ge 20:9; Jas 3:10

the priest.

8:12; 21:10-12; Ex 29:7,21

a young bullock.

14; 9:2; 16:6,11; Eze 43:19

for a sin.

5:6; Ex 29:14; 30:10; Nu 8:8; Ezr 8:35; Ro 8:3; 2Co 5:21; Heb 5:3

Heb 7:27,28

bring.

1:3; Ex 29:10,11

lay his hand.

1:4; 16:21; Isa 53:6; Da 9:26; 1Pe 3:18

16,17; 16:14,19; Nu 19:4; 1Jo 1:7

dip.

17,25,30,34; 8:15; 9:9; 16:14,19; Nu 19:4

seven times.The number seven is what is called a number of perfection among the Hebrews; and is often used to denote the completion, fulness, or perfection of a thing.

14:16,18,27; 25:8; 26:18,24,28; Jos 6:4,8

the horns.

8:15; 9:9; 16:18; Ex 30:1-10; Ps 118:27; Heb 9:21-15

all the blood.

18,34; 5:9; 8:15; Eph 2:13

19,26,31,35; 3:3-5,9-11,14-16; 7:3-5; 16:25; Isa 53:10; Joh 12:27

9

10

21; 6:30; 8:14-17; 9:8-11; 16:27; Ex 29:14; Nu 19:5; Ps 103:12

Heb 13:11-13

without the camp. Heb. to without the camp.This was intended, figuratively, to express the enormity of this sin, and the availableness of the atonement. The sacrifice, as having the sin of the priest transferred from himself to it, by his confession and imposition of hands, was become unclean and abominable, and was carried, as it were, out of God's sight; and thus its own offensiveness was removed, with the sin of the person in whose behalf it was offered.

13:46; Nu 5:3; 15:35; 19:3

the ashes.

6:10,11

burn him.

Ex 29:14; Nu 19:5; Heb 13:11

where the ashes are poured out. Heb. at the pouring out ofthe ashes.

the whole congregation.This may refer to some oversight in acts of religious worship, or to some transgression of the letter of the law, which arose out of the peculiar circumstances in which they were found, as in the case mentioned in 1 Sa 14:32, et seq. The sacrifices and rites in this case were the same as in the preceding; only here the elders laid their hands on the head of the victim, in the name of all the congregation.

through ignorance.

1,2; 5:2-5,17; Nu 15:24-29; Jos 7:11,24-26; 1Ti 1:13; Heb 10:26-29

and are guilty.

5:2-5,17; 6:4; Ezr 10:19; Ho 5:15; *marg:

1Co 11:27

young bullock.

3

the elders.

Ex 24:1,9; Nu 11:16,25; De 21:3-9

lay.

4; 1:4; 16:21

5-12; Heb 9:12-14

6,7

upon the.

7

and shall pour out.The reason for pouring out the blood, which is so constantly and strictly required by the law, was in opposition to an idolatrous custom of the ancient Zabii, who "were accustomed to eat of the blood of their sacrifices, because they imagined this to be the food of their gods, with whom they thought they had such communion, by eating their meat, that they revealed to them future things."--Maimonides

8-10,26,31,35; 5:6; 6:7; 12:8; 14:18; Nu 15:25; Ps 22:14; Heb 1:3

Heb 9:14

with the.

3

an atonement.

26; 1:4; 5:6; 6:7; 12:8; 14:18; Ex 32:30; Nu 15:25; Da 9:24; Ro 5:11

Ga 3:13; Heb 1:3; 2:17; 9:14; 10:10-12; 1Jo 1:7; 2:2; Re 1:5

as he.

11,12

a sin offering.

16:15,21; 2Ch 29:21-24; Ezr 8:35; Mt 20:28; 2Co 5:21; 1Ti 2:5,6

a ruler hath sinned.Under the term {nasi,} that is, one preferred or elevated above others, from {nasa,} to exalt, it is probable that any person is meant who held any kind of political dignity among the people; and it evidently means the head of a tribe as in Nu 1:4, 16; 7:2. But the Rabbins generally understand it of the prince of the great sanhedrin, who, when they were under the regal form of government, was the king. A kid of the goats was the sacrifice in this case; and the rites were nearly the same as in the preceding, only the fat was burnt as that of the peace offering. (ver. 26.)

Ex 18:21; Nu 16:2; 2Sa 21:1-3; 24:10-17

and done.

2,13

if his sin.

14; 5:4; 2Ki 22:10-13

a kid.

9:3; 23:19; Nu 7:16,22,28,34; 15:24; 28:15,30; 29:5,11,16,19

Ro 8:3

And he.

4-35; Isa 53:6

in the place.

1:5,11; 3:2,8,13; 4:4,15,29,33; 6:25; 7:2; 16:15; Ex 29:38

it is a sin.

3,21,31,35

put.

7,18,30,34; 8:10,15; 9:9; 16:18; Isa 40:21; Ro 3:24-26; 8:3,4; 10:4

Heb 2:10; 9:22

the fat.

8-10,35

See on ch.

3:5; 6:20-30

an atonement.

20; Nu 15:28

any one. Heb. any soul.

2; Nu 15:27

common people. Heb. people of the land .{Am haäretz;} that is, any individual who was not a priest, king, or ruler among the people; an ordinary person. Any of these having transgressed, was obliged to bring a lamb or kid, the ceremonies being nearly the same as in the preceding cases.

2,13; Ex 12:49; Nu 5:6; 15:16,29

a kid.

23,32; 5:6; Ge 3:15; Isa 7:14; Jer 31:22; Ro 8:3; Ga 4:4,5

a female.

23; Ga 3:28

4,15,24,33; Heb 10:4-14

upon the horns.

25,34; Isa 42:21; Ro 8:3,4; 10:4; Heb 2:10

pour out.There may have been some place at the bottom of the altar to receive and carry off the blood.

all the fat.

8-10,19,26,35; 3:3-5,9-11,14-16

a sweet.

1:9,13,17; 3:3,5; 8:21; Ex 29:18; Ezr 6:10; Job 42:8; Ps 40:6,7

Ps 51:16,17; 69:30,31; Isa 42:21; 53:10; Mt 3:17; Eph 5:2; Heb 1:3

Heb 9:12,14,15; 10:12,14; 1Pe 2:4,5; 1Jo 1:7; 4:9,10; Re 5:9

and the priest.

26,35

a lamb.

28; 3:6,7; 5:6; Ex 12:3,5; Isa 53:7; Lu 1:35; Joh 1:29,36; Heb 7:26

1Pe 1:18-20; 2:22,24; 3:18; Re 5:6,8,9

without blemish.

28; Eph 5:27; Heb 9:14; 1Pe 2:22; 3:18

4,29-31

the horns of the altar.

25,30; Isa 42:21; Joh 17:19; Ro 8:1,3; 10:4; 2Co 5:21; Heb 2:10

Heb 10:29; 1Pe 1:18-20; 2:24; 3:18

And he.

31

according.

1:1-6:19

and the priest shall make.

20,26,30,31; 1:4; 5:6,10,13; 6:7; 9:7; 12:8; 14:18,53; 16:1-34

Nu 15:25; Ro 3:24-26; 4:25; 5:6-11,15-21; 8:1,3,4; 10:4; 2Co 5:21

Eph 1:6,7; 5:2; Col 1:14; Heb 1:3; 4:14; 7:26; 9:14; 1Pe 1:18,19

1Pe 2:22,24; 3:18; 1Jo 1:7; 2:2; 4:9,10; Re 1:5,6
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