Numbers 261 The sum of all Israel is taken in the plains of Moab.52 The law of dividing among them the inheritance of the land.57 The families and number of the Levites.63 None was left of them which were numbered at Sinai, but Caleb and Joshua. 25:9 The plague having swept away the last of that devoted generation, which provoked the Lord to "swear in his wrath that they should not enter" Canaan; he now, after an interval of 38 years, commands another census of the Israelites to be made, to preserve the distinction of families, and to regulate the tribes previous to their entry into the promised land, as well as to ascertain the proportion of land which should be allotted to each tribe. For, though the whole was divided by lot, yet the portions were so disposed, that a numerous tribe did not draw where the lots assigned small inheritances, or the contrary. 1:2,3; Ex 30:12; 38:25,26 63; 22:1; 31:12; 33:48; 35:1; De 4:46-49; 34:1,6,8 1:1; 1Ch 21:1 the eldest.Ge 29:32; 49:2,3; 1Ch 5:1thy children.Ge 46:8,9; Ex 6:14; 1Ch 5:3 6 1,21; 2:11; Ge 46:9 8 1:16; 16:1,2-35; Ps 106:17; Jude 1:11 earth opened.16:2,31-35,38; 27:3; Ex 16:35; Ps 106:17,18together.The Samaritan text does not intimate that Korah was swallowed up, but that he was burnt, as appears to have been the fact; and the Psalmist also, (Ps 106:17,) only mentions Dathan and Abiram as having been swallowed up. "And the earth swallowed them up, what time that company died; and the fire devoured Korah with the 250 men, who became a sign." they became a sign.16:38; 1Sa 2:34; Jer 29:22; Eze 14:8; 1Co 10:6-10; 2Pe 2:6; Jude 1:7 It seems to be intimated in ch. 16:27, 31-33, that the sons and the little ones of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, were swallowed up; but the text here expressly affirms, that the children of Korah "died not;" and their descendants were famous even in David's time. On a close inspection, however, of ver. 27, we shall find, that the sons and the little ones of Dathan and Abiram alone are mentioned. 16:5; Ex 6:24; 1Ch 6:22-28; Ps 42:1; 44:1; 45:1; 46:1; 47:1; *titlesPs 48:1; 49:1; 50:1; *titles Nemuel.Ge 46:10; Ex 6:15Jemuel. Jachin.1Ki 7:21; 1Ch 4:24Jarib. Zerah.Ge 46:10Zohar. The immense decrease of this tribe, no less than 37,100, renders it highly probable, that, influenced by the bad example of Zimri, the Simeonites had been peculiarly criminal in the late wickedness, and that multitudes of them had died of the plague. It is remarkable, that Moses, in De ch. 33, bestows no blessing upon this tribe. 1:22,23; 2:12,13 Zephon.2:14; Ge 46:16Ziphion, Haggai, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, Areli. or, Ezbon.Ge 46:16 Ge 46:16Arodi. 1:24,25; 2:14,15 Er and Onan.Ge 38:1-10; 46:12; 1Ch 2:3-8 Shelah.Ge 38:5,11,14,26-30; 1Ch 4:21Pharez.Ge 38:27-29; 46:12; Ru 4:18-22; 1Ch 2:3-8; Ne 11:4,6,24Perez.Mt 1:3; Lu 3:33Phares. Zerah.Ge 38:30; 46:12Zarah.1Ch 2:4; Ne 11:24 21 1:26,27; 2:3,4; Ge 49:8; 1Ch 5:2; Ps 115:14; Heb 7:14 the sons.2:5; Ge 30:17,18; 46:13; 1Ch 7:1Pua. or, Phuvah. Jashub. or, Job.Ge 46:13 threescore.1:28,29; 2:5,6 Ge 30:19,20; 46:14 1:30,31; 2:7,8 Ge 41:51,52; 46:20; 48:5,13-20 Machir.32:39,40; 36:1; Ge 48:14; De 3:15; Jos 17:1; Jud 5:14; 1Ch 7:14-19 Jeezer. called Abiezer.Jos 17:2; Jud 6:11,24,34; 8:2 31 32 Zelophehad.27:1; 36:10-12 1:34,35; 2:20,21 Becher.1Ch 7:20,21Bered. Tahath. Eladah. Tahath. 36 1:32,33; 2:18,19 sons of Benjamin.1Ch 7:6-12Ahiram.Ge 46:2Ehi.1Ch 8:1Aharah. Shupham.Ge 46:21Muppim, and Huppim. Ard and Naaman.1Ch 8:3Addar. 1:36,37; 2:22,23; Ge 46:21 Shuam.Ge 46:23Hushim. 1:38,39; 2:25,26 the children of Asher.Ge 46:17Jimnah. Ishuah. Isui.1Ch 7:30Imnah. Isuah. Ishuai. 45 Sarah.Ge 46:17Serah. 1:40,41; 2:27,28 the sons of Naphtali.Ge 46:24; 1Ch 7:13 Shillem.1Ch 7:13Shallum. 1:42,43; 2:29,30 The following comparative statement will show how much some of the tribes had increased, and others had diminished, since the enumeration in ch. 1: Now. Before. 1. Reuben 43,730 46,500 2. Simeon 22,200 59,300 3. Gad 40,500 45,650 4. Judah 76,500 74,600 5. Issachar 64,300 54,400 6. Zebulun 60,500 57,400 7. Manasseh 52,700 32,200 8. Ephraim 32,500 40,500 9. Benjamin 45,600 35,400 10. Dan 64,400 62,700 11. Asher 53,400 41,500 12. Naphtali 45,400 53,400 _______ _______ Total 601,730 603,550 _______ _______ Thus we find there was the following increase and decrease in the several tribes: 1. Reuben 2,770 decrease 2. Simeon 37,100 decrease 3. Gad 5,150 decrease 4. Judah 1,900 increase 5. Issachar 9,900 increase 6. Zebulun 3,100 increase 7. Manasseh 20,500 increase 8. Ephraim 8,000 decrease 9. Benjamin 10,200 increase 10. Dan 1,700 increase 11. Asher 11,900 increase 12. Naphtali 8,000 decrease _______________ Decrease in all . . . . . . 61,020 Increase in all . . . . . . 59,200 ______ Decrease on the whole . . . 1,820 It should be observed, that among these there was not one of the former census, except Joshua and Caleb. (See ver. 64, 65.) Thus, though there was such an amazing increase in seven tribes, yet so great was the decrease in the other five tribes, that the balance against the present census is 1,820, as appears above. Notwithstanding the amazing increase in some, and decrease in other tribes, the same sort of proportion is kept in their several divisions; so as to keep the division in the front the largest, and that in the rear the next. 1:46; 2:32; Ne 9:23; Job 12:9,10,14,20-23; Ps 77:20 52 Ge 12:2,7; Jos 11:23; 14:1; Ps 49:14; 105:44; Eze 47:22; Da 7:27Mt 5:5; Re 5:10; 21:27 many.32:3,5; 33:54; Jos 17:14give the more. Heb. multiply his. give the less. Heb.diminish his. by lot.56; 33:54; 34:13; Jos 11:23; 14:2; 17:14; 18:6,10,11; 19:1,10Jos 19:17,24,32,40; Pr 16:33; 18:18; Ac 1:26; Col 1:12; Re 7:4-8 This division by lot seems to have respect only to the quarter, or situation, which each tribe was to possess, and not to the quantity or extent of land, which was to be proportioned to the numbers of each tribe, according to the register now formed. Thus, for instance, it was determined by lot which of the twelve tribes was to inherit in the south, which in the north, etc.: then, in that quarter where the lot fell, a larger or smaller portion of land was assigned them, according to the goodness of the soil, and in proportion as they were more or less numerous. Thus the decreasing of any tribe in the wilderness, proved the decrease of their future political importance and affluence in all succeeding ages. This equal division of property was, under God, the great bulwark and strength of the Hebrew commonwealth. According to the most exact calculations, Canaan contained 14,976,000 acres; which, divided among 600,000 men, will allow of more than 21 acres and a half to each, with a remainder of 1,976,000 acres for the princes of tribes, Levitical cities, etc.: so that there was an ample provision to enable each person, with all the advantages of that fertile country and fine climate, to live, if not in affluent, yet in very comfortable circumstances. Canaan lies between lat. 31 degrees and 33 degrees 30' N., and long. 35 degrees and 37 degrees E.; its length, from the city of Dan to Beersheba, is about 200 miles; and its breadth, from the shores of the Mediterranean to the eastern borders, about 90. The Canaanites, the descendants of Canaan, son of Ham, and the original inhabitants of the land, were divided into seven principal nations,--the Amorites, Hittites, Jebusites, Girgashites, Canaanites, Perizzites, and Hivites, and formed themselves into almost as many kingdoms as they had cities. After their defeat by the Israelites, such as escaped the sword became tributary; but in process of time, having seduced them to their idolatries, they recovered many of the strongest places in the country; and even formed themselves into a mighty kingdom in Galilee. They were, however, again defeated by Barak, but were not finally subdued till the reign of David and Solomon; the latter of whom employed 153,600 in the most servile parts of the work of building the temple, palace, etc. Ro 11:7; 1Co 12:4 these are.35:2,3; Ge 46:11; Ex 6:16-19; 1Ch 6:1,16-30of Gershon.3:1-4:49 3:17-21; 16:1 Ex 2:1,2; 6:20; Le 18:12 3:2,8 3:4; Le 10:1,2; 1Ch 24:1,2 those that.1:49; 3:39; 4:27,48; 18:20-24; 35:2-8; De 10:9; 14:27-29; 18:1,2Jos 13:14,33; 14:3they were not.1:49because.18:20-24; 35:2-8; De 10:9; 14:27-29; 18:1,2; Jos 13:14,33; 14:3 3 1:1-2:34; De 2:14,15; 4:3,4; 1Co 10:5 They shall.14:23,24,28-30,35,38; Ex 12:37; De 2:14,15; 32:49,50; Ps 90:3-7Ro 11:22; 1Co 10:5,6; Heb 3:17,18; Jude 1:5save Caleb.14:30,38
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