Ruth 1smote them.De 13:15-17; 2Ch 25:13; 28:6-9; Pr 18:19came to hand. Heb. was found. they came to. Heb. werefound. 1 Elimelech, driven by famine into Moab, dies there.4 Mahlon and Chilion, having married wives of Moab, die also.6 Naomi, returning homeward,8 dissuades her two daughters-in-law from going with her.14 Orpah leaves her, but Ruth with great constancy accompanies her.19 They two come to Beth-lehem, where they are gladly received. the judges.Jud 2:16; 12:8ruled. Heb. judged. a famine.Ge 12:10; 26:1; 43:1; Le 26:19; De 28:23,24,38; 2Sa 21:11Ki 17:1-12; 18:2; 2Ki 8:1,2; Ps 105:16; 107:34; Jer 14:1Eze 14:13,21; Joe 1:10,11,16-20; Am 4:6Beth-lehem-judah.Jud 17:8; 19:1,2 Elimelech.The Rabbins say, that Elimelech was the son of Salmon, who married Rahab; and that Naomi was his niece. Naomi.20Mahlon.It is imagined, and not without probability, that Mahlon and Chilion are the same with Joash and Saraph, mentioned in 1 Ch 4:22. Ephrathites.Ge 35:19; 1Sa 1:1; 17:21; Mic 5:2continued. Heb. were. and she was.2Ki 4:1; Ps 34:19; Heb 12:6,10,11 they took.The Targum says, "they transgressed the decree of the word of the Lord, and took to them strange women." wives.De 7:3; 23:3; 1Ki 11:1,2Ruth.Mt 1:5 A.M. 2696. B.C. 1308. An. Ex. Is. 183. Mahlon.De 32:39; Ps 89:30-32; Jer 2:19died.The Targum adds, "And because they transgressed the decree of the word of the Lord, and joined affinity with strange people, therefore their days were cut off." and the woman.Isa 49:21; Mt 22:25-27; Lu 7:12 visited.Ge 21:1; 50:25; Ex 3:16; 4:31; 1Sa 2:21; Lu 1:68; 19:44; 1Pe 2:12in giving.Ge 28:20; 48:15; Ex 16:4-6; Ps 104:14,15; 111:5; 132:15; 145:15Ps 146:7; 147:14; Pr 30:8; Isa 55:10; Mt 6:11; 1Ti 6:8 she went.2Ki 8:3they went.10,14; Ex 18:27 Go.Jos 24:15-28; Lu 14:25-33the Lord.Php 4:18,19; 2Ti 1:16-18the dead.5; 2:20; Eph 5:22; 6:2,3; Col 3:18,24 rest.3:1she kissed.Ge 27:27; 29:11; 45:15; Ac 20:37 Surely.Ps 16:3; 119:63; Zec 8:23 are there.This alludes to the custom that when a married brother died, without leaving posterity, his brother should take his widow; and the children of such marriages were accounted those of the deceased brother. This address of Naomi to her daughter-in-law is exceedingly tender, persuasive, and affecting. that they.Ge 38:11; De 25:5 too old.Ge 17:17; 1Ti 5:9I should have. or, I were with. tarry. Heb. hope. it grieveth me much. Heb. I have muchbitterness. the hand. De 2:15; Jud 2:15; 1Sa 5:11; Job 19:21; Ps 32:4; 38:2; 39:9,10 Orpah.Ge 31:28,55; 1Ki 19:20; Mt 10:37; 19:22; Mr 10:21,22; 2Ti 4:10but Ruth.The LXX. add, [kai epestrepsen eis ton laon autes,] "and returned to her own people." The Vulgate, Syriac, and Arabic are to the same purpose. It seems a very natural addition, and agrees with the assertion in the next verse; and is accordingly adopted by Houbigant as a part of the text. De 4:4; 10:20; Pr 17:17; 18:24; Isa 14:1; Zec 8:23; Mt 16:24Joh 6:66-69; Ac 17:34; Heb 10:39 gone back.Ps 36:3; 125:5; Zep 1:6; Mt 13:20,21; Heb 10:38; 1Jo 2:19and unto.They were probably both idolaters at this time. That they were proselytes is an unfounded conjecture; and the conversion of Ruth now only commenced. her gods.Jud 11:24return.Jos 24:15,19; 2Sa 15:19,20; 2Ki 2:2; Lu 14:26-33; 24:28 Ruth.A more perfect surrender of friendly feelings to a friend was never made. This was a most extraordinary and disinterested attachment. Intreat me not. or, Be not against me. to leave.2Ki 2:2-6; Lu 24:28,29; Ac 21:13whither.2Sa 15:21; Mt 8:19; Joh 13:37; Re 14:4thy people.2:11,12; Ps 45:10; Isa 14:1thy God.Jos 24:18; Da 2:47; 3:29; 4:37; Ho 13:4; 2Co 6:16-18; 1Th 1:9 the lord.1Sa 3:17; 25:22; 2Sa 3:9,35; 19:13; 1Ki 2:23; 19:2; 20:10; 2Ki 6:31but death.Ac 11:23; 20:24 When.Ac 21:14was stedfastly minded. Heb. strengthened herself.Ac 2:42; Eph 6:10 all the city.From this it would appear that Naomi was not only well known, but also highly respected at Beth-lehem: a proof that Elimelech was of high consideration at that place. Mt 21:10Is this Naomi?Isa 23:7; La 2:15 Naomi. that is, Pleasant. Mara. that is, Bitter. theAlmighty. Ge 17:1; 43:14; Job 5:17; 11:7; Re 1:8; 21:22dealt.Job 6:4; 19:6; Ps 73:14; 88:15; Isa 38:13; La 3:1-20; Heb 12:11 and the.1Sa 2:7,8; Job 1:21the Lord.Job 10:17; 13:26; 16:8; Mal 3:5 in the beginning.At the beginning of Spring; for the barley harvest began immediately after the passover, and that festival was held on the 15th of Nisan, corresponding nearly with our March. 2:23; Ex 9:31,32; 2Sa 21:9
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