k[See ver. 3 above]
l[See ver. 3 above]
an[See ver. 8 above]
cn[See ver. 29 above]
fl[See ver. 22 above]
gf[See ver. 33 above]
gr[See ver. 48 above]

Exodus 7

Moses and Aaron Before Pharaoh

1And the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like aGod to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your bprophet. 2 cYou shall speak all that I command you, and your brother Aaron shall tell Pharaoh to let the people of Israel go out of his land. 3But dI will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I emultiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, 4Pharaoh will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and bring my hosts, my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great acts of judgment. 5The Egyptians fshall know that I am the Lord, when I stretch out my hand against Egypt and bring out the people of Israel from among them.” 6Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7Now Moses was geighty years old, and Aaron eighty-three years old, when they spoke to Pharaoh.

8Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 9“When Pharaoh says to you, hProve yourselves by working a miracle,’ then you shall say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and cast it down before Pharaoh, that it may become a serpent.’” 10So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did just as the Lord commanded. Aaron cast down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants, and it became a serpent. 11Then Pharaoh summoned the wise men and the sorcerers, and they, the imagicians of Egypt, also jdid the same by their secret arts. 12For each man cast down his staff, and they became serpents. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 13Still kPharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, las the Lord had said.

The First Plague: Water Turned to Blood

14Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hardened; he refuses to let the people go. 15 mGo to Pharaoh in the morning, as he is going out to the water. Stand on the bank of the Nile to meet him, and take in your hand nthe staff that turned into a oserpent. 16And you shall say to him, ‘The pLord, the God of the Hebrews, sent me to you, saying, “Let my people go, qthat they may serve me in the wilderness.” But so far, you have not obeyed. 17Thus says the Lord, “By this ryou shall know that I am the Lord: behold, with the staff that is in my hand I will strike the water that is in the Nile, and sit shall turn into blood. 18The fish in the Nile shall die, and the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will tgrow weary of drinking water from the Nile.”’” 19And the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and ustretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, their canals, and their ponds, and all their pools of water, so that they may become blood, and there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, even in vessels of wood and in vessels of stone.’”

20Moses and Aaron did as the Lord commanded. In the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants he vlifted up the staff and struck the water in the Nile, and all the wwater in the Nile turned into blood. 21And the fish in the Nile died, and the Nile stank, so that the Egyptians xcould not drink water from the Nile. There was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. 22But ythe magicians of Egypt did the same by their secret arts. So zPharaoh’s heart remained hardened, and he would not listen to them, as aathe Lord had said. 23Pharaoh turned and went into his house, and he did not take even this to heart. 24And all the Egyptians dug along the Nile for water to drink, for they could not drink the water of the Nile.

25Seven full days passed after the Lord had struck the Nile.

Exodus 8

The Second Plague: Frogs

1
Ch 7:26 in Hebrew
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Let my people go, that acthey may serve me.
2But if you adrefuse to let them go, behold, I will plague all your country with aefrogs. 3The Nile shall swarm with frogs that shall come up into your house and into afyour bedroom and on your bed and into the houses of your servants and your people,
Or among your people
and into your ovens and your kneading bowls.
4The frogs shall come up on you and on your people and on all your servants.”’” 5
Ch 8:1 in Hebrew
And the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, aiStretch out your hand with your staff over the rivers, over the canals and over the pools, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt!’”
6So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and ajthe frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt. 7But akthe magicians did the same by their secret arts and made frogs come up on the land of Egypt.

8Then Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron and said, alPlead with the Lord to take away the frogs from me and from my people, and amI will let the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.” 9Moses said to Pharaoh, “Be pleased to command me when anI am to plead for you and for your servants and for your people, that the frogs be cut off from you and your houses and be left only in the Nile.” 10And he said, “Tomorrow.” Moses said, “Be it as you say, so aothat you may know that apthere is no one like the Lord our God. 11The frogs shall go away from you and your houses and your servants and your people. They shall be left only in the Nile.” 12So Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried to the Lord about the frogs, as he had agreed with Pharaoh.
Or which he had brought upon Pharaoh
13And the Lord did according to the word of Moses. The frogs died out in the houses, the courtyards, and the fields. 14And they gathered them together in heaps, and the land stank. 15But when Pharaoh saw that there was a arrespite, he ashardened his heart and would not listen to them, as the Lord had said.

The Third Plague: Gnats

16Then the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, at‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the earth, so that it may become gnats in all the land of Egypt.’” 17And they did so. Aaron stretched out his hand with his staff and struck the dust of the earth, and authere were gnats on man and beast. All the dust of the earth became gnats in all the land of Egypt. 18The avmagicians tried by their secret arts to produce gnats, but they could not. So there were gnats on man and beast. 19Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is awthe finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, as the Lord had said.

The Fourth Plague: Flies

20Then the Lord said to Moses, ax“Rise up early in the morning and present yourself to Pharaoh, as he goes out to the water, and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, ay“Let my people go, that they may serve me. 21Or else, if you will not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and your servants and your people, and into your houses. And the houses of the Egyptians shall be filled with swarms of flies, and also the ground on which they stand. 22But on that day azI will set apart the land of Goshen, where my people dwell, so that no swarms of flies shall be there, bathat you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of the earth.
Or that I the Lord am in the land
23Thus I will put a division
Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew set redemption
between my people and your people. Tomorrow this sign shall happen.”’”
24And the Lord did so. bdThere came great swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh and into his servantshouses. Throughout all the land of Egypt the land was ruined by the swarms of flies.

25Then Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 26But Moses said, “It would not be right to do so, for the offerings we shall sacrifice to the Lord our God are an beabomination to the Egyptians. If we sacrifice offerings bfabominable to the Egyptians before their eyes, will they not stone us? 27We must go bgthree daysjourney into the wilderness and sacrifice to the Lord our God bhas he tells us.” 28So Pharaoh said, “I will let you go to sacrifice to the Lord your God in the wilderness; only you must not go very far away. biPlead for me.” 29Then Moses said, “Behold, I am going out from you and I will plead with the Lord that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, tomorrow. Only let not Pharaoh bjcheat again by not letting the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.” 30So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord. 31And the Lord did as Moses asked, and removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; not one remained. 32But Pharaoh bkhardened his heart this time also, and did not let the people go.

Exodus 9

The Fifth Plague: Egyptian Livestock Die

1Then the Lord said to Moses, blGo in to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says bmthe Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Let my people go, that they may serve me. 2For if you refuse to let them go and still hold them, 3behold, bnthe hand of the Lord will fall with a very severe plague upon your livestock that are in the field, the horses, the donkeys, the camels, the herds, and the flocks. 4 boBut the Lord will make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, so that nothing of all that belongs to the people of Israel shall die.”’” 5And the Lord set a time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this thing in the land.” 6And the next day the Lord did this thing. bpAll the livestock of the Egyptians died, but not one of the livestock of the people of Israel died. 7And Pharaoh sent, and behold, not one of the livestock of Israel was dead. But bqthe heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.

The Sixth Plague: Boils

8And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from the kiln, and let Moses throw them in the air in the sight of Pharaoh. 9It shall become fine dust over all the land of Egypt, and become brboils breaking out in sores on man and beast throughout all the land of Egypt.” 10So they took soot from the kiln and stood before Pharaoh. And Moses threw it in the air, and it became boils breaking out in sores on man and beast. 11And bsthe magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for the boils came upon the magicians and upon all the Egyptians. 12 btBut the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he did not listen to them, as buthe Lord had spoken to Moses.

The Seventh Plague: Hail

13Then the Lord said to Moses, bv“Rise up early in the morning and present yourself before Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Let my people go, that they may serve me. 14For this time I will send all my plagues on you yourself
Hebrew  on your heart
and on your servants and your people, so bxthat you may know that there is none like me in all the earth.
15For by now I could have put out my hand and struck you and your people with pestilence, and you would have been cut off from the earth. 16 byBut for this purpose I have raised you up, to show you my power, so bzthat my name may be proclaimed in all the earth. 17 caYou are still exalting yourself against my people and will not let them go. 18Behold, about this time tomorrow I will cause very heavy hail to fall, such as never has been in Egypt from the day it was founded until now. 19Now therefore send, cbget your livestock and all that you have in the field into safe shelter, for every man and beast that is in the field and is not brought home will die when the hail falls on them.”’” 20Then whoever feared the word of the Lord among the servants of Pharaoh hurried his slaves and his livestock into the houses, 21but whoever did not pay attention to the word of the Lord left his slaves and his livestock in the field.

22Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, so that there may be cchail in all the land of Egypt, on man and beast and every plant of the field, in the land of Egypt.” 23Then Moses stretched out his staff toward heaven, and the cdLord sent thunder and hail, and fire ran down to the earth. And the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt. 24There was hail and fire flashing continually in the midst of the hail, very heavy hail, such as had never been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. 25The hail struck down everything that was in the field in all the land of Egypt, both man and beast. And the hail cestruck down every plant of the field and broke every tree of the field. 26 cfOnly in the land of Goshen, where the people of Israel were, was there no hail.

27Then Pharaoh sent and called Moses and Aaron and said to them, “This time cgI have sinned; the chLord is in the right, and I and my people are in the wrong. 28 ciPlead with the Lord, for there has been enough of God’s thunder and hail. I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer.” 29Moses said to him, “As soon as I have gone out of the city, cjI will stretch out my hands to the Lord. The thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that ckthe earth is the Lord’s. 30But as for you and your servants, clI know that you do not yet fear the Lord God.” 31(The flax and the barley were struck down, for the barley was in the ear and the flax was in bud. 32But the wheat and the emmer
A type of wheat
were not struck down, for they are late in coming up.)
33So Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh and cnstretched out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain no longer poured upon the earth. 34But when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunder had ceased, he sinned yet again and cohardened his heart, cphe and his servants. 35So cqthe heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people of Israel go, just as the Lord had spoken through Moses.

Exodus 10

The Eighth Plague: Locusts

1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, that I may show these signs of mine among them, 2and crthat you may tell in the hearing of your son and of your grandson how I have dealt harshly with the Egyptians and what signs I have done among them, csthat you may know that I am the Lord.”

3So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, ‘How long will you refuse to cthumble yourself before me? Let my people go, that they may serve me. 4For if you refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring culocusts into your country, 5and they shall cover the face of the land, so that no one can see the land. And they shall cveat what is left to you after the hail, and they shall eat every tree of yours that grows in the field, 6and they shall fill cwyour houses and the houses of all your servants and of all the Egyptians, as neither your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen, from the day they came on earth to this day.’” Then he turned and went out from Pharaoh.

7Then Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not yet understand that Egypt is ruined?” 8So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. And he said to them, cxGo, serve the Lord your God. But which ones are to go?” 9Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old. We will go with our sons and daughters and with our flocks and herds, for cywe must hold a feast to the Lord.” 10But he said to them, “The Lord be with you, if ever I let you and your czlittle ones go! Look, you have some evil purpose in mind.
Hebrew before your face
11No! Go, the men among you, and serve the Lord, for that is what you are asking.” And they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.

12Then the Lord said to Moses, db“Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, so that they may come upon the land of Egypt and dceat every plant in the land, all that the hail has left.” 13So Moses stretched out his staff over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind upon the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind had brought the locusts. 14 ddThe locusts came up over all the land of Egypt and settled on the whole country of Egypt, desuch a dense swarm of locusts as had never been before, nor ever will be again. 15They covered the face of the whole land, so that the land was darkened, and dfthey ate all the plants in the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Not a green thing remained, neither tree nor plant of the field, through all the land of Egypt. 16Then Pharaoh hastily called Moses and Aaron and said, dg“I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you. 17Now therefore, forgive my sin, please, only this once, and dhplead with the Lord your God only to remove this death from me.” 18So dihe went out from Pharaoh and pleaded with the Lord. 19And the Lord turned the wind into a very strong west wind, which lifted the locusts and drove them djinto the Red Sea. Not a single locust was left in all the country of Egypt. 20But the Lord dkhardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go.

The Ninth Plague: Darkness

21Then the Lord said to Moses, dl“Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be dmdarkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness to be felt.” 22So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was pitch darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. 23They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but dnall the people of Israel had light where they lived. 24Then Pharaoh called Moses and said, doGo, serve the Lord; dpyour little ones also may go with you; only let your flocks and your herds remain behind.” 25But Moses said, “You must also let us have sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God. 26Our livestock also must go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind, for we must take of them to serve the Lord our God, and we do not know with what we must serve the Lord until we arrive there.” 27But the Lord dqhardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let them go. 28Then Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from me; take care never to see my face again, for on the day you see my face you shall die.” 29Moses said, “As you say! drI will not see your face again.”

Exodus 11

A Final Plague Threatened

1The Lord said to Moses, “Yet dsone plague more I will bring upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt. Afterward he will let you go from here. dtWhen he lets you go, he will drive you away completely. 2Speak now in the hearing of the people, that duthey ask, every man of his neighbor and every woman of her neighbor, for silver and gold jewelry.” 3 dvAnd the Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants and in the sight of the people.

4So Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: dw‘About midnight I will go out in the midst of Egypt, 5and every firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the slave girl who is dxbehind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 6 dyThere shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has never been, nor ever will be again. 7But not a dog shall growl dzagainst any of the people of Israel, either man or beast, that you may know that the Lord eamakes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.’ 8And eball these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, you and all the people who follow you.’ And after that I will go out.” And he went out from Pharaoh in hot anger. 9Then the Lord said to Moses, ecPharaoh will not listen to you, that edmy wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”

10Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, and the Lord eehardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go out of his land.

Exodus 12

The Passover

1The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 efThis month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. 3Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb egaccording to their fathershouses, a lamb for a household. 4And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. 5Your lamb shall be ehwithout blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, 6and you shall keep it until the eifourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.
Hebrew between the two evenings


7“Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the ektwo doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with elunleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but emroasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts. 10And enyou shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn. 11In this manner you shall eat it: with eoyour belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. epIt is the Lord’s Passover. 12For eqI will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on erall the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: esI am the Lord. 13 etThe blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

14This day shall be eufor you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations, as a evstatute forever, you shall keep it as a feast. 15 ewSeven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, exthat person shall be cut off from Israel. 16On the first day you shall hold a eyholy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you. 17And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for ezon this very day I brought your fahosts out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day, throughout your generations, as a statute forever. 18 fbIn the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 fcFor seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses. If anyone eats what is leavened, fdthat person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, fewhether he is a sojourner or a native of the land. 20You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwelling places you shall eat unleavened bread.”

21Then Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and select lambs for yourselves ffaccording to your clans, and kill the Passover lamb. 22Take a bunch of fghyssop and fhdip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch fithe lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. fjNone of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23 fkFor the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians, and when he sees the blood on flthe lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over the door and fmwill not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you. 24You shall observe this rite as a statute for you and for your sons forever. 25And when you come to the land that the Lord will give you, fnas he has promised, you shall keep this service. 26And fowhen your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27you shall say, fp‘It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, for he passed over the houses of the people of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses.’” And the people fqbowed their heads and worshiped.

28Then the people of Israel went and did so; as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn

29 frAt midnight the fsLord struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, ftfrom the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock. 30And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians. And there was fua great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where someone was not dead. 31Then he summoned Moses and Aaron by night and said, “Up, go out from among my people, fvboth you and the people of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as you have said. 32 fwTake your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also!”

The Exodus

33 fxThe Egyptians were urgent with the people to send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.” 34So the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their cloaks on their shoulders. 35The people of Israel had also done as Moses told them, for they had fyasked the Egyptians for silver and gold jewelry and for clothing. 36 fzAnd the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that gathey let them have what they asked. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.

37And the gbpeople of Israel journeyed from gcRameses to Succoth, gdabout six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. 38A gemixed multitude also went up with them, and very much livestock, both flocks and herds. 39And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough that they had brought out of Egypt, for it was not leavened, because gfthey were thrust out of Egypt and ggcould not wait, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves.

40The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years. 41At the end of gh430 years, on that very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42It was a night of watching by the Lord, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a ginight of watching kept to the Lord by all the people of Israel throughout their generations.

Institution of the Passover

43And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it, 44but every slave
Or servant; the Hebrew term  ‘ebed designates a range of social and economic roles (see Preface)
that is gkbought for money may eat of it after you have circumcised him.
45 glNo foreigner or hired worker may eat of it. 46It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and gmyou shall not break any of its bones. 47 gnAll the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48 goIf a stranger shall sojourn with you and would keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised. Then he may come near and keep it; he gpshall be as a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. 49There shall be gqone law for the native and for the grstranger who sojourns among you.”

50All the people of Israel did just as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 51And on that very day the gsLord brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their gthosts.

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