By Faith1Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of athings not seen. 2For by it the people of old received their commendation. 3By faith we understand that the universe was created by bthe word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of cthings that are visible. 4By faith dAbel offered to God ea more acceptable sacrifice than Cain, through which he was commended as righteous, God commending him by accepting his gifts. And fthrough his faith, though he died, he gstill speaks. 5By faith hEnoch was taken up so that he should not see death, and he was not found, because God had taken him. Now before he was taken he was commended as having pleased God. 6And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God imust believe that he exists and jthat he rewards those who seek him. 7By faith kNoah, being warned by God concerning levents as yet unseen, in reverent fear constructed an ark for the saving of his household. By this he condemned the world and became an heir of mthe righteousness that comes by faith. 8By faith nAbraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place othat he was to receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. 9By faith he went to live in pthe land of promise, as in a foreign land, qliving in tents rwith Isaac and Jacob, heirs with him of the same promise. 10For he was looking forward to sthe city that has tfoundations uwhose designer and builder is God. 11By faith vSarah herself received power to conceive, even when she was past the age, since she considered whim faithful who had promised. 12Therefore from one man, and xhim as good as dead, were born descendants yas many as the stars of heaven and as many as the innumerable grains of sand by the seashore. 13These all died in faith znot having received the things promised, but aahaving seen them and greeted them from afar, and abhaving acknowledged that they were acstrangers and exiles on the earth. 14For people who speak thus make it clear that they are seeking a homeland. 15If they had been thinking of that land from which they had gone out adthey would have had opportunity to return. 16But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed aeto be called their God, for afhe has prepared for them a city. 17By faith agAbraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was in the act of offering up his only son, 18of whom it was said ah“Through Isaac shall your offspring be named.” 19 aiHe considered that God was able even to raise him from the dead, from which, figuratively speaking, he did receive him back. 20By faith ajIsaac invoked future blessings on Jacob and Esau. 21By faith akJacob, when dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, albowing in worship over the head of his staff. 22By faith amJoseph, at the end of his life, made mention of the exodus of the Israelites and gave directions concerning his bones. 23By faith anMoses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw that the child was beautiful, and they were not afraid of aothe king’s edict. 24By faith Moses, when he was grown up, aprefused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 aqchoosing rather to be mistreated with the people of God than to enjoy arthe fleeting pleasures of sin. 26 asHe considered the reproach of Christ greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking to atthe reward. 27By faith he auleft Egypt, avnot being afraid of the anger of the king, for he endured awas seeing him who is invisible. 28By faith axhe kept the Passover and sprinkled the blood, so that the Destroyer of the firstborn might not touch them. 29By faith aythe people crossed the Red Sea as on dry land, but the Egyptians, when they attempted to do the same, were drowned. 30By faith azthe walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days. 31By faith baRahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she bbhad given a friendly welcome to the spies. 32And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of bcGideon bdBarak beSamson bfJephthah, of bgDavid and bhSamuel and the prophets— 33who through faith conquered kingdoms, enforced justice, obtained promises bistopped the mouths of lions, 34 bjquenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, were made strong out of weakness bkbecame mighty in war blput foreign armies to flight. 35 bmWomen received back their dead by resurrection. Some were tortured, refusing to accept release, so that they might rise again to a better life. 36Others suffered mocking and flogging, and even bnchains and imprisonment. 37 boThey were stoned, they were sawn in two ▼
▼Some manuscripts add they were temptedbqthey were killed with the sword. brThey went about in skins of sheep and goats, destitute, afflicted, mistreated— 38of whom the world was not worthy— bswandering about in deserts and mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth. 39And all these btthough commended through their faith budid not receive what was promised, 40since God had provided something better for us, bvthat apart from us they should not be made perfect.
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