Leviticus 5

1“If anyone sins in that he hears a public a  adjuration to testify, and though he is a witness, whether he has seen or come to know the matter, yet does not speak, he shall b  bear his iniquity; 2or c  if anyone touches an unclean thing, whether a carcass of an unclean wild animal or a carcass of unclean livestock or a carcass of unclean swarming things, and it is hidden from him and he has become unclean, and he realizes his guilt; 3or if he touches d  human uncleanness, of whatever sort the uncleanness may be with which one becomes unclean, and it is hidden from him, when he comes to know it, and realizes his guilt; 4or if anyone utters with his lips a e  rash oath to do evil or to do good, any sort of rash oath that people f  swear, and it is hidden from him, when he comes to know it, and he realizes his guilt in any of these; 5when he realizes his guilt in any of these and g  confesses the sin he has committed, 6he shall bring to the  Lord as his compensation
Hebrew  his guilt penalty; so throughout Leviticus
for the sin that he has committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a goat, for a sin offering. And the priest shall make atonement for him for his sin.

7“But i  if he cannot afford a lamb, then he shall bring to the  Lord as his compensation for the sin that he has committed two j  turtledoves or two pigeons
Septuagint  two young pigeons; also verse 11
one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.
8He shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer first the one for the sin offering. He shall l  wring its head from its neck m  but shall not sever it completely, 9and he shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, while n  the rest of the blood shall be drained out o  at the base of the altar; it is a sin offering. 10Then he shall offer the second for a burnt offering according to the rule. p  And the priest shall make atonement for him for the sin that he has committed, and he shall be forgiven.

11“But if he cannot afford two turtledoves or two pigeons, then he shall bring as his offering for the sin that he has committed a q  tenth of an ephah
An  ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters
of fine flour for a sin offering. He s  shall put no oil on it and shall put no frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.
12And he shall bring it to t  the priest, and the priest shall take a handful of it as its memorial portion and u  burn this on the altar, on the  Lord’s food offerings; it is a sin offering. 13Thus v  the priest shall make atonement for him for the sin which he has committed in any one of these things, and he shall be forgiven. And the remainder
Septuagint; Hebrew it
shall be for the priest, as in the grain offering.”

Laws for Guilt Offerings

14The  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 15 x  “If anyone commits a breach of faith and sins unintentionally in any of the holy things of the  Lord y  he shall bring to the  Lord as his compensation, a ram without blemish out of the flock, valued
Or  flock, or its equivalent
in silver shekels
A  shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
according to the ab  shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt offering.
16He shall also make restitution for what he has done amiss in the holy thing and ac  shall add a fifth to it and give it to the priest. ad  And the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and he shall be forgiven.

17 ae  If anyone sins, doing any of the things that by the  Lord’s commandments ought not to be done af  though he did not know it, then realizes his guilt, he shall bear his iniquity. 18 ag  He shall bring to the priest a ram without blemish out of the flock, or its equivalent for a guilt offering, and ah  the priest shall make atonement for him for the mistake that he made unintentionally, and he shall be forgiven. 19It is a guilt offering; he has indeed incurred guilt before
Or  he has paid full compensation to
the  Lord.”

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