2 Samuel 23

The Last Words of David

1Now these are the last words of David:

The oracle of David, the son of Jesse,
the oracle of athe man who was raised on high,
bthe anointed of the God of Jacob,
the sweet psalmist of Israel:
Or  the favorite of the songs of Israel

2 d“The Spirit of the  Lord speaks by me;
his word is on my tongue.
3The God of Israel has spoken;
ethe Rock of Israel has said to me:
When one rules justly over men,
ruling fin the fear of God,
4he gdawns on them like the morning light,
like the sun shining forth on a cloudless morning,
like rain
Hebrew from rain
that makes grass to sprout from the earth.
5 For does not my house stand so with God?
iFor he has made with me an everlasting covenant,
ordered in all things and secure.
For will he not cause to prosper
all my help and my desire?
6But worthless men
Hebrew worthlessness
are all like thorns that are thrown away,
for they cannot be taken with the hand;
7but the man who touches them
arms himself with iron and the shaft of a spear,
and they are utterly consumed with fire.”
Hebrew  consumed with fire in the sitting

David’s Mighty Men

8 lThese are the names of the mighty men whom David had: mJosheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite; he was chief of the three.
Or  of the captains
He wielded his spear
Compare 1 Chronicles 11:11; the meaning of the Hebrew expression is uncertain
against eight hundred whom he killed at one time.

9And next to him among the three mighty men was Eleazar the son of pDodo, son of qAhohi. He was with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel withdrew. 10He rose and struck down the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clung to the sword. And the  Lord brought about a great victory that day, and the men returned after him only to strip the slain.

11And next to him was Shammah, the son of Agee the rHararite. The Philistines gathered together at Lehi, where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the men fled from the Philistines. 12But he took his stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and struck down the Philistines, and the  Lord worked a great victory.

13And three of the thirty chief men went down and came about harvest time to David at the scave of Adullam, when a band of Philistines was encamped tin the Valley of Rephaim. 14David was then uin the stronghold, and vthe garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. 15And David said longingly, “Oh, that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!” 16Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and carried and brought it to David. But he would not drink of it. He poured it out to the  Lord 17and said, “Far be it from me, O  Lord, that I should do this. Shall I drink wthe blood of the men who went at the risk of their lives?” Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did.

18Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty.
Two Hebrew manuscripts, Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts three
And he wielded his spear against three hundred men
Or slain ones
and killed them and won a name beside the three.
19He was the most renowned of the thirty
Compare 1 Chronicles 11:25; Hebrew Was he the most renowned of the three?
and became their commander, but he did not attain to aathe three.

20And abBenaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man
Or the son of Ishhai
of adKabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two ariels
The meaning of the word ariel is unknown
of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen.
21And he struck down an Egyptian, a handsome man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 22These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and won a name beside the three mighty men. 23He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.

24 afAsahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 25 agShammah of Harod, Elika of Harod, 26Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh ahof Tekoa, 27Abiezer aiof Anathoth, Mebunnai ajthe Hushathite, 28Zalmon akthe Ahohite, Maharai alof Netophah, 29Heleb the son of Baanah amof Netophah, Ittai the son of Ribai of anGibeah of the people of Benjamin, 30Benaiah aoof Pirathon, Hiddai of the brooks of apGaash, 31Abi-albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth of aqBahurim, 32Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 33 arShammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite, 34Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai asof Maacah atEliam the son of auAhithophel of Gilo, 35Hezro
Or Hezrai
awof Carmel, Paarai the Arbite,
36Igal the son of Nathan axof Zobah, Bani the Gadite, 37Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai ayof Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 38 azIra the baIthrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 39 bbUriah the Hittite: thirty-seven in all.

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