Deuteronomy 33

Moses’ Final Blessing on Israel

1This is the blessing with which Moses a  the man of God blessed the people of Israel before his death. 2He said,

b  “The  Lord came from Sinai
and dawned from Seir upon us;
Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew them

he shone forth from Mount Paran;
he came d  from the ten thousands of holy ones,
with flaming fire
The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
at his right hand.
3Yes f  he loved his people
Septuagint; Hebrew peoples

h  all his holy ones were in his
Hebrew your
hand;
j  so they followed
The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
in your steps,
receiving direction from you,
4when l  Moses commanded us a law,
as a possession for the assembly of Jacob.
5Thus the  Lord
Hebrew  Thus he
n  became king in o  Jeshurun,
when the heads of the people were gathered,
all the tribes of Israel together.
6 p  “Let Reuben live, and not die,
but let his men be few.”

7And this he said of Judah:

Hear, O  Lord, the voice of Judah,
and bring him in to his people.
With your hands contend
Probable reading; Hebrew  With his hands he contended
for him,
and be a help against his adversaries.”

8And r  of Levi he said,

“Give to Levi
Dead Sea Scroll, Septuagint; Masoretic Text lacks  Give to Levi
t  your Thummim,
and your Urim to your godly one,
u  whom you tested at Massah,
with whom you quarreled at the waters of Meribah;
9who said of his father and mother,
‘I regard them not’;
v  he disowned his brothers
and ignored his children.
For w  they observed your word
and kept your covenant.
10 x  They shall teach Jacob your rules
and Israel your law;
y  they shall put incense before you
and z  whole burnt offerings on your altar.
11Bless, O  Lord, his substance,
and aa  accept the work of his hands;
crush the loins of his adversaries,
of those who hate him, that they rise not again.”

12 ab  Of Benjamin he said,

“The beloved of the  Lord dwells in safety.
The High God
Septuagint; Hebrew  dwells in safety by him. He
surrounds
him all day long,
and dwells between his shoulders.”

13And ad  of Joseph he said,

ae  Blessed by the  Lord be his land,
with the choicest gifts of heaven af  above,
Two Hebrew manuscripts and Targum; Hebrew  with the dew

and of the deep that crouches beneath,
14with the choicest fruits of the sun
and the rich yield of the months,
15with the finest produce of the ancient mountains
and the abundance of ah  the everlasting hills,
16with the best gifts of the earth and ai  its fullness
and the favor of aj  him who dwells in the bush.
May these rest on the head of Joseph,
on the pate of him who is prince among his brothers.
17 ak  A firstborn bull
Dead Sea Scroll, Septuagint, Samaritan; Masoretic Text His firstborn bull
—he has majesty,
and his horns are the horns of a am  wild ox;
with them an  he shall gore the peoples,
all of them, to the ends of the earth;
ao  they are the ten thousands of Ephraim,
and they are the thousands of Manasseh.”

18And of Zebulun he said,

ap  Rejoice, Zebulun, in your going out,
and Issachar, in your tents.
19They shall call peoples aq  to their mountain;
there they offer ar  right sacrifices;
for they draw from the abundance of the seas
and the hidden treasures of the sand.”

20And as  of Gad he said,

Blessed be he who enlarges Gad!
Gad crouches at  like a lion;
he tears off arm and scalp.
21 au  He chose the best of the land for himself,
for there a commander’s portion was reserved;
and av  he came with the heads of the people,
with Israel he executed the justice of the  Lord,
and his judgments for Israel.”

22And aw  of Dan he said,

ax  Dan is a lion’s cub
ay  that leaps from Bashan.”

23And az  of Naphtali he said,

“O Naphtali, sated with favor,
and full of the blessing of the  Lord,
ba  possess the lake
Or west
and the south.”

24And bc  of Asher he said,

“Most blessed of sons be Asher;
let him be the favorite of his brothers,
and let him bd  dip his foot in oil.
25Your bars shall be iron and bronze,
and as your days, so shall your strength be.
26 be  “There is none like God, O bf  Jeshurun,
bg  who rides through the heavens to your help,
through the skies in his majesty.
27The eternal God is your bh  dwelling place
Or a dwelling place

and underneath are the everlasting arms.
Revocalization of verse 27 yields He subdues the ancient gods, and shatters the forces of old

And he thrust out the enemy before you
and said, ‘Destroy.’
28So Israel lived in safety,
bk  Jacob lived bl  alone
Hebrew the abode of Jacob was alone

in a land of grain and wine,
whose heavens drop down dew.
29Happy are you, O Israel! bn  Who is like you,
a people bo  saved by the  Lord,
bp  the shield of your help,
and the sword of your triumph!
Your enemies shall come fawning to you,
and you shall tread upon their backs.”
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