All Is Vanity1The words of a the Preacher, ▼
▼Or Convener, or Collector; Hebrew Qoheleth (so throughout Ecclesiastes)the son of David, c king in Jerusalem. 2 d Vanity ▼
▼The Hebrew term hebel, translated vanity or vain, refers concretely to a “mist,” “vapor,” or “mere breath,” and metaphorically to something that is fleeting or elusive (with different nuances depending on the context). It appears five times in this verse and in 29 other verses in Ecclesiastesof vanities, says f the Preacher,
g vanity of vanities! h All is vanity.
3 i What j does man gain by all the toil
at which he toils under the sun?
4A generation goes, and a generation comes,
but k the earth remains forever.
5 l The sun rises, and the sun goes down,
and hastens ▼
▼Or and returns pantingto the place where it rises.
6 n The wind blows to the south
and goes around to the north;
around and around goes the wind,
and on its circuits the wind returns.
7All o streams run to the sea,
but the sea is not full;
to the place where the streams flow,
there they flow again.
8All things are full of weariness;
a man cannot utter it;
p the eye is not satisfied with seeing,
nor the ear filled with hearing.
9 q What has been is what will be,
and what has been done is what will be done,
and there is nothing new under the sun.
10Is there a thing of which it is said,
“See, this is new”?
It has been r already
in the ages before us.
11There is no s remembrance of former things, ▼
▼Or former people
nor will there be any remembrance
of later things ▼
▼Or later peopleyet to be
among those who come after.
The Vanity of Wisdom12I v the Preacher have been king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13And I w applied my heart ▼
▼The Hebrew term denotes the center of one’s inner life, including mind, will, and emotionsto seek and to search out by wisdom all that is done under heaven. It is an unhappy y business that God has given to the children of man to be busy with. 14I have seen everything that is done under the sun, and behold, all is z vanity ▼
▼The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath” (see note on 1:2)and a striving after wind. ▼
▼Or a feeding on wind; compare Hosea 12:1 (also in Ecclesiastes 1:17; 2:11, 17, 26; 4:4, 6, 16; 6:9)15 ac What is crooked cannot be made straight,
and what is lacking cannot be counted.
16I said in my heart, “I have acquired great ad wisdom, surpassing all who were over Jerusalem before me, and my heart has had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.” 17And I ae applied my heart to know wisdom and to know af madness and folly. I perceived that this also is but ag a striving after wind. 18 For ah in much wisdom is much vexation,
and he who increases knowledge increases sorrow.
Copyright information for ESV
Welcome to STEP Bible
From Tyndale House, Cambridge UK
Use the search box to find Bibles, commentaries, passages, search terms, etc. Here are some examples:
Examples to use the search box to find Bibles, passages, search terms, etc.-
This shows how to quickly lookup a passage.NIVESVKJVGen 1
Looking up a passage in three different translations is also easy.ESVbrother
This asks STEP to search for the Greek word for 'brother' and show the results in the ESV.NIVESVlandhe.sed
This example runs both a 'Hebrew word search' and a 'Text' search and shows the results in both the NIV and ESV.ESVthroneDavidIsa-Rev
You can mix most searches. This finds any word translated as 'throne' in the Prophets and the New Testament, but only in verses concerning the topic 'David'. This excludes verses which refer to a 'throne' in other contexts.KJVTHGNTJohn 1
Interlinear Hebrew & Greek is available for some translations with grammar (and more soon). To reverse the interlinear order, click on a version abbreviation under the verse number.
Examples of some Bible study tools +
KJVCol 3 Color code grammar
Highlight all the imperative verbs with red underlinesKJVCol 1 Color code grammar
Highlight main verbs (green underlines) and supporting verbs (purple)KJVMat 1 Color code grammar
Highlight the number (plural in bold) and gender (male in blue, feminine in red, neuter in black) of wordsESV1Jo 1 Quick tryout links
Highlight frequent words in the chapter or book
Examples to enable color code grammar +
KJVEph 1 Color code grammar
Look at KJV New Testament with color highlighted verbsSBLGRom 12 Color code grammar
Look at Greek New Testament with color code grammar, Greek root word and English vocabularyCUnCol 1 Color code grammar
Look at Chinese Union New Testament with color highlighted verbsSBLGKJVCUNEph 5 Color code grammar
Look at Greek, English and Chinese New Testament with color code grammar
© Tyndale House, Cambridge, UK - 2019