By Faith, or by Works of the Law?1 O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? a It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly b portrayed as crucified. 2 Let me ask you only this: c Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law or by d hearing with faith? 3 Are you so foolish? e Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by ▼
▼ Or now ending withthe flesh? 4 g Did you suffer ▼
▼ Or experienceso many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain? 5 Does he who supplies the Spirit to you and i works miracles among you do so j by works of the law, or by hearing with faith— 6 just as k Abraham “believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”? 7 Know then that it is l those of faith who are m the sons of Abraham. 8 And the Scripture, foreseeing that n God would justify ▼
▼ Or count righteous; also verses 11, 24the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying p “In you shall all the nations be blessed.” 9 So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.
The Righteous Shall Live by Faith10 For all who rely on works of the law are q under a curse; for it is written r “Cursed be everyone who does not s abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.” 11 Now it is evident that t no one is justified before God by the law, for u “The righteous shall live by faith.” ▼
▼ Or The one who by faith is righteous will live12 But the law is not of faith, rather w “The one who does them shall live by them.” 13 Christ x redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written y “Cursed is everyone who is hanged z on a tree”— 14 so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might aa come to the Gentiles, so that ab we might receive ac the promised Spirit ▼
▼ Greek receive the promise of the Spiritthrough faith.
The Law and the Promise15 ae To give a human example, brothers: ▼
▼ Or brothers and sistersag even with a man-made covenant, no one annuls it or adds to it once it has been ratified. 16 Now ah the promises were made ai to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, “And to offsprings,” referring to many, but referring to one aj “And to your offspring,” who is Christ. 17 This is what I mean: the law, which came ak 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as al to make the promise void. 18 For if the inheritance comes by the law, it no longer comes by promise; but am God gave it to Abraham by a promise. 19 Why then the law? an It was added because of transgressions ao until the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made, and it was ap put in place through angels aq by an intermediary. 20 Now ar an intermediary implies more than one, but as God is one. 21 Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For at if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. 22 But the Scripture au imprisoned everything under sin, so that av the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given aw to those who believe. 23 Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law ax imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed. 24 So then, ay the law was our az guardian until Christ came, ba in order that we might be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, 26 for in Christ Jesus bb you are all sons of God, through faith. 27 For as many of you as bc were baptized bd into Christ have be put on Christ. 28 bf There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave ▼
▼ Greek bondservantnor free bh there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And bi if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring bj heirs according to promise.
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