Sons and Heirs1 I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave ▼
▼ Greek bondservant; also verse 7though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father. 3 In the same way we also, when we were children, b were enslaved to the elementary principles ▼
▼ Or elemental spirits; also verse 9of the world. 4 But d when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son e born f of woman, born g under the law, 5 h to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive i adoption as sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent j the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” 7 So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then k an heir through God.
Paul’s Concern for the Galatians8 Formerly, when you l did not know God, you m were enslaved to those that by nature n are not gods. 9 But now that you have come to know God, or rather o to be known by God p how can you turn back again to q the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? 10 r You observe days and months and seasons and years! 11 I am afraid s I may have labored over you in vain. 12 Brothers ▼
▼ Or Brothers and sisters; also verses 28, 31u I entreat you, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. v You did me no wrong. 13 You know it was w because of a bodily ailment that I preached the gospel to you x at first, 14 and though my condition was a trial to you, you did not scorn or despise me, but received me y as an angel of God z as Christ Jesus. 15 What then has become of your blessedness? For I testify to you that, if possible, you would have gouged out your eyes and given them to me. 16 Have I then become your enemy by aa telling you the truth? ▼
▼ Or by dealing truthfully with you17 They make much of you, but for no good purpose. They want to shut you out, that you may make much of them. 18 It is always good to be made much of for a good purpose, and ac not only when I am present with you, 19 ad my little children ae for whom I am again in the anguish of childbirth until Christ af is formed in you! 20 I wish I could be present with you now and change my tone, for I am perplexed about you.
Example of Hagar and Sarah21 Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons ag one by a slave woman and ah one by a free woman. 23 But ai the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while aj the son of the free woman was born through promise. 24 Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two ak covenants. al One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. 25 Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; ▼
▼ Some manuscripts For Sinai is a mountain in Arabiashe corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But an the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. 27 For it is written, ao “Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear;
break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor!
For the children of the desolate one will be more
than those of the one who has a husband.”
28 Now you ▼
▼ Some manuscripts webrothers aq like Isaac ar are children of promise. 29 But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh as persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit at so also it is now. 30 But what does the Scripture say? au “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.” 31 So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but av of the free woman.
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