Galatians 4

Sons and Heirs

1I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave
Greek bondservant; also verse 7
though he is the owner of everything,
2but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father. 3In the same way we also, when we were children, b  were enslaved to the elementary principles
Or elemental spirits; also verse 9
of the world.
4But d  when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son e  born f  of woman, born g  under the law, 5 h  to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive i  adoption as sons. 6And because you are sons, God has sent j  the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” 7So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then k  an heir through God.

Paul’s Concern for the Galatians

8Formerly, when you l  did not know God, you m  were enslaved to those that by nature n  are not gods. 9But now that you have come to know God, or rather o  to be known by God p  how can you turn back again to q  the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? 10 r  You observe days and months and seasons and years! 11I am afraid s  I may have labored over you in vain.

12Brothers
Or  Brothers and sisters; also verses 28, 31
u  I entreat you, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. v  You did me no wrong.
13You know it was w  because of a bodily ailment that I preached the gospel to you x  at first, 14and though my condition was a trial to you, you did not scorn or despise me, but received me y  as an angel of God z  as Christ Jesus. 15What then has become of your blessedness? For I testify to you that, if possible, you would have gouged out your eyes and given them to me. 16Have I then become your enemy by aa  telling you the truth?
Or by dealing truthfully with you
17They make much of you, but for no good purpose. They want to shut you out, that you may make much of them. 18It is always good to be made much of for a good purpose, and ac  not only when I am present with you, 19 ad  my little children ae  for whom I am again in the anguish of childbirth until Christ af  is formed in you! 20I wish I could be present with you now and change my tone, for I am perplexed about you.

Example of Hagar and Sarah

21Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons ag  one by a slave woman and ah  one by a free woman. 23But ai  the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while aj  the son of the free woman was born through promise. 24Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two ak  covenants. al  One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. 25Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia;
Some manuscripts For Sinai is a mountain in Arabia
she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.
26But an  the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. 27For it is written,

ao  Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear;
break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor!
For the children of the desolate one will be more
than those of the one who has a husband.”

28Now you
Some manuscripts we
brothers aq  like Isaac ar  are children of promise.
29But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh as  persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit at  so also it is now. 30But what does the Scripture say? au  “Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.” 31So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but av  of the free woman.

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