By Faith1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of a things not seen. 2 For by it the people of old received their commendation. 3 By faith we understand that the universe was created by b the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of c things that are visible. 4 By faith d Abel offered to God e a more acceptable sacrifice than Cain, through which he was commended as righteous, God commending him by accepting his gifts. And f through his faith, though he died, he g still speaks. 5 By faith h Enoch was taken up so that he should not see death, and he was not found, because God had taken him. Now before he was taken he was commended as having pleased God. 6 And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God i must believe that he exists and j that he rewards those who seek him. 7 By faith k Noah, being warned by God concerning l events as yet unseen, in reverent fear constructed an ark for the saving of his household. By this he condemned the world and became an heir of m the righteousness that comes by faith. 8 By faith n Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place o that he was to receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. 9 By faith he went to live in p the land of promise, as in a foreign land, q living in tents r with Isaac and Jacob, heirs with him of the same promise. 10 For he was looking forward to s the city that has t foundations u whose designer and builder is God. 11 By faith v Sarah herself received power to conceive, even when she was past the age, since she considered w him faithful who had promised. 12 Therefore from one man, and x him as good as dead, were born descendants y as many as the stars of heaven and as many as the innumerable grains of sand by the seashore. 13 These all died in faith z not having received the things promised, but aa having seen them and greeted them from afar, and ab having acknowledged that they were ac strangers and exiles on the earth. 14 For people who speak thus make it clear that they are seeking a homeland. 15 If they had been thinking of that land from which they had gone out ad they would have had opportunity to return. 16 But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed ae to be called their God, for af he has prepared for them a city. 17 By faith ag Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was in the act of offering up his only son, 18 of whom it was said ah “Through Isaac shall your offspring be named.” 19 ai He considered that God was able even to raise him from the dead, from which, figuratively speaking, he did receive him back. 20 By faith aj Isaac invoked future blessings on Jacob and Esau. 21 By faith ak Jacob, when dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, al bowing in worship over the head of his staff. 22 By faith am Joseph, at the end of his life, made mention of the exodus of the Israelites and gave directions concerning his bones. 23 By faith an Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw that the child was beautiful, and they were not afraid of ao the king’s edict. 24 By faith Moses, when he was grown up, ap refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 aq choosing rather to be mistreated with the people of God than to enjoy ar the fleeting pleasures of sin. 26 as He considered the reproach of Christ greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking to at the reward. 27 By faith he au left Egypt, av not being afraid of the anger of the king, for he endured aw as seeing him who is invisible. 28 By faith ax he kept the Passover and sprinkled the blood, so that the Destroyer of the firstborn might not touch them. 29 By faith ay the people crossed the Red Sea as on dry land, but the Egyptians, when they attempted to do the same, were drowned. 30 By faith az the walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days. 31 By faith ba Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she bb had given a friendly welcome to the spies. 32 And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of bc Gideon bd Barak be Samson bf Jephthah, of bg David and bh Samuel and the prophets— 33 who through faith conquered kingdoms, enforced justice, obtained promises bi stopped the mouths of lions, 34 bj quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, were made strong out of weakness bk became mighty in war bl put foreign armies to flight. 35 bm Women received back their dead by resurrection. Some were tortured, refusing to accept release, so that they might rise again to a better life. 36 Others suffered mocking and flogging, and even bn chains and imprisonment. 37 bo They were stoned, they were sawn in two ▼
▼ Some manuscripts add they were temptedbq they were killed with the sword. br They went about in skins of sheep and goats, destitute, afflicted, mistreated— 38 of whom the world was not worthy— bs wandering about in deserts and mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth. 39 And all these bt though commended through their faith bu did not receive what was promised, 40 since God had provided something better for us, bv that apart from us they should not be made perfect.
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