iSee ch. 7:23-25
j[1 Kgs. 17:1; Jer. 14:1, 22]
k[ch. 3:14]; See Ps. 80:8-11
p[Lev. 26:26; Hag. 1:6; 2:16]
bdSee ch. 10:28-31
The Vineyard of the Lord Destroyed1 Let me sing for my beloved
my love song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had aa vineyard
on a very fertile hill.
2He dug it and cleared it of stones,
and planted it with bchoice vines;
he built a watchtower in the midst of it,
and hewed out a wine vat in it;
and che looked for it to yield grapes,
but it yielded wild grapes.
3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem
and men of Judah,
judge between me and my vineyard.
4 dWhat more was there to do for my vineyard,
that I have not done in it?
eWhen I looked for it to yield grapes,
why did it yield wild grapes?
5 And now I will tell you
what I will do to my vineyard.
I will remove fits hedge,
and it shall be devoured; ▼
▼Or grazed over; compare Exodus 22:5
hI will break down its wall,
and it shall be trampled down.
6I will make it a waste;
it shall not be pruned or hoed,
and ibriers and thorns shall grow up;
jI will also command the clouds
that they rain no rain upon it.
7 kFor the vineyard of the Lord of hosts
is the house of Israel,
and the men of Judah
are his pleasant planting;
and he looked for justice,
but behold, bloodshed; ▼
▼The Hebrew words for justice and bloodshed sound alike
but behold, an outcry! ▼
▼The Hebrew words for righteous and outcry sound alike
Woe to the Wicked8 Woe to those who njoin house to house,
who add field to field,
until there is no more room,
and you are made to dwell alone
in the midst of the land.
9The Lord of hosts has sworn in my hearing:
o“Surely many houses shall be desolate,
large and beautiful houses, without inhabitant.
10 pFor ten acres ▼
▼Hebrew ten yoke, the area ten yoke of oxen can plow in a dayof vineyard shall yield but one bath,
and a rhomer of seed shall yield but an ephah.” ▼
▼A bath was about 6 gallons or 22 liters; a homer was about 6 bushels or 220 liters; an ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters
11 Woe to those who trise early in the morning,
that they may run after strong drink,
who tarry late into the evening
as wine inflames them!
12 uThey have lyre and harp,
tambourine and flute and wine at their feasts,
vbut they do not regard the deeds of the Lord,
or see the work of his hands.
13 Therefore my people go into exile
wfor lack of knowledge; ▼
▼Or without their knowledge
their yhonored men go hungry, ▼
▼Or die of hunger
and their multitude is parched with thirst.
14Therefore Sheol has aaenlarged its appetite
and opened abits mouth beyond measure,
and the nobility of Jerusalem ▼
▼Hebrew her nobilityand her multitude will go down,
her revelers and he who adexults in her.
15 aeMan is humbled, and each one is brought low,
and the eyes of the haughty ▼
▼Hebrew highare brought low.
16 agBut the Lord of hosts is exalted ▼
▼Hebrew highin justice,
and the Holy God shows himself holy in righteousness.
17Then shall the lambs graze aias in their pasture,
and ajnomads shall eat among the ruins of the rich.
18 Woe to those who draw iniquity with akcords of falsehood,
who draw sin as with cart ropes,
19who say: al“Let him be quick,
let him speed his work
that we may see it;
let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw near,
and let it come, that we may know it!”
20Woe to amthose who call evil good
and good evil,
anwho put darkness for light
and light for darkness,
who put bitter for sweet
and sweet for bitter!
21Woe to those who are aowise in their own eyes,
and shrewd in their own sight!
22Woe to those who are apheroes at drinking wine,
and valiant men in mixing strong drink,
23who aqacquit the guilty for a bribe,
and deprive the innocent of his right!
24 Therefore, aras the tongue of fire devours the stubble,
and as dry grass sinks down in the flame,
so astheir root will be atas rottenness,
and their blossom go up like dust;
for they have aurejected the law of the Lord of hosts,
and have avdespised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
25Therefore awthe anger of the Lord was kindled against his people,
and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them,
and axthe mountains quaked;
and their corpses were ayas refuse
in the midst of the streets.
azFor all this his anger has not turned away,
and his hand is stretched out still.
26 He will baraise a signal for nations far away,
and bbwhistle for them bcfrom the ends of the earth;
and behold, quickly, speedily they come!
27 bdNone is weary, none stumbles,
none slumbers or sleeps,
not a waistband is loose,
not a sandal strap broken;
28 betheir arrows are sharp,
all their bows bent,
their horses’ hoofs seem like flint,
and their wheels bflike the whirlwind.
29Their roaring is like a lion,
like young lions they roar;
they growl and bgseize their prey;
they carry it off, and none can rescue.
30They will growl over it on that day,
like the growling of the sea.
And if one looks to the land,
behold bhdarkness and distress;
and the light is darkened by its clouds.
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