Leviticus 16

The Day of Atonement

1The  Lord spoke to Moses after a  the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the  Lord and died, 2and the  Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron your brother not to b  come at any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat that is on the ark, so that he may not die. For c  I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat. 3But in this way Aaron shall come into the Holy Place: d  with a bull from the herd for a sin offering and e  a ram for a burnt offering. 4He shall put on f  the holy linen coat and shall have the linen undergarment on his body, and he shall tie the linen sash around his waist, and wear the linen turban; these are the holy garments. g  He shall bathe his body in water and then put them on. 5And he shall take from h  the congregation of the people of Israel two male goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.

6Aaron shall i  offer the bull as a sin offering for himself and shall j  make atonement for himself and for his house. 7Then he shall take the two goats and set them before the  Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 8And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the  Lord and the other lot for k  Azazel.
The meaning of  Azazel is uncertain; possibly the name of a place or a demon, traditionally a scapegoat; also verses 10, 26
9And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the  Lord and use it as a sin offering, 10but the goat on which the lot fell for m  Azazel shall be presented alive before the  Lord to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to n  Azazel.

11Aaron shall present o  the bull as a sin offering for himself, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house. He shall kill the bull as a sin offering for himself. 12And he shall take p  a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the  Lord, and two handfuls of sweet incense beaten small, and he shall bring it inside the veil 13 q  and put the incense on the fire before the  Lord, that the cloud of the incense may cover r  the mercy seat that is over the testimony, so that he does not die. 14And s  he shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the front of the mercy seat on the east side, and in front of the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.

15 t  “Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering that is for the people and bring its blood u  inside the veil and do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, sprinkling it over the mercy seat and in front of the mercy seat. 16Thus he shall v  make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleannesses of the people of Israel and because of their transgressions, all their sins. And so he shall do for the tent of meeting, which dwells with them in the midst of their uncleannesses. 17 w  No one may be in the tent of meeting from the time he enters to make atonement in the Holy Place until he comes out and has made atonement for himself and for his house and for all the assembly of Israel. 18Then he shall go out to the altar that is x  before the  Lord and y  make atonement for it, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar all around. 19And he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it and consecrate it from the uncleannesses of the people of Israel.

20“And when he has made an end of z  atoning for the Holy Place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall present the live goat. 21And Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the people of Israel, and all their transgressions, all their sins. And he shall aa  put them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who is in readiness. 22The goat shall ab  bear all their iniquities on itself to a remote area, and ac  he shall let the goat go free in the wilderness.

23“Then Aaron shall come into the tent of meeting and ad  shall take off the linen garments that he put on when he went into the Holy Place and shall leave them there. 24And he shall bathe his body in water in a holy place and put on his garments and come out and ae  offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people and make atonement for himself and for the people. 25And af  the fat of the sin offering he shall burn on the altar. 26And he who lets the goat go to ag  Azazel shall wash his clothes and ah  bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp. 27 ai  And the bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried outside the camp. Their skin and their flesh and their dung shall be burned up with fire. 28And he who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.

29“And it shall be a statute to you forever that aj  in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall ak  afflict yourselves
Or  shall fast; also verse 31
and shall do no work, either am  the native or the stranger who sojourns among you.
30For on this day shall atonement be made for you an  to cleanse you. You shall be clean before the  Lord from all your sins. 31 ao  It is a Sabbath of solemn rest to you, and you shall ap  afflict yourselves; it is a statute forever. 32 aq  And the priest who is anointed and ar  consecrated as priest in his father’s place as  shall make atonement, wearing the holy linen garments. 33He shall make atonement for at  the holy sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for au  the altar, and he shall make atonement for av  the priests and for aw  all the people of the assembly. 34And this shall be a statute forever for you, that atonement may be made for the people of Israel ax  once in the year because of all their sins.” And Aaron
Hebrew he
did as the  Lord commanded Moses.

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