Romans 1

Greeting

1Paul a  a servant
Or slave (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface)
of Christ Jesus c  called to be an apostle d  set apart for the gospel of God,
2which e  he promised beforehand f  through his prophets in the holy Scriptures, 3concerning his Son g  who was descended from David
Or  who came from the offspring of David
i  according to the flesh
4and j  was declared to be the Son of God k  in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord, 5through whom l  we have received grace and m  apostleship n  to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name o  among all the nations, 6including you who are p  called to belong to Jesus Christ,

7To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints:

q  Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Longing to Go to Rome

8First r  I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you s  because your faith is proclaimed in all the world. 9 t  For God is my witness u  whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son v  that without ceasing I mention you 10always in my prayers, asking that somehow w  by God’s will I may now at last succeed in coming to you. 11For x  I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to strengthen you 12that is, that we may be mutually encouraged y  by each other’s faith, both yours and mine. 13I do not want you to be unaware, brothers,
Or  brothers and sisters. The plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) refers to siblings in a family. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, adelphoi may refer either to men or to both men and women who are siblings (brothers and sisters) in God’s family, the church
that aa  I have often intended to come to you (but ab  thus far have been prevented), in order that I may reap some ac  harvest among you as well as among the rest of the Gentiles.
14 ad  I am under obligation both to Greeks and to ae  barbarians
That is, non-Greeks
both to the wise and to the foolish.
15So I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

The Righteous Shall Live by Faith

16For ag  I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is ah  the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew ai  first and also to aj  the Greek. 17For in it ak  the righteousness of God is revealed al  from faith for faith
Or beginning and ending in faith
an  as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.”
Or  The one who by faith is righteous shall live

God’s Wrath on Unrighteousness

18For ap  the wrath of God aq  is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19For what can be ar  known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature as  have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world
Or  clearly perceived from the creation of the world
in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.
21For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they au  became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 av  Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23and aw  exchanged the glory of ax  the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.

24Therefore ay  God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to az  the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, 25because they exchanged the truth about God for ba  a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, bb  who is blessed forever! Amen.

26For this reason bc  God gave them up to bd  dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged natural relations for those that are contrary to nature; 27and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another be  men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in themselves the due penalty for their error.

28And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God bf  God gave them up to bg  a debased mind to do bh  what ought not to be done. 29They were filled with all manner of unrighteousness, evil, covetousness, malice. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, maliciousness. They are gossips, 30slanderers, haters of God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless. 32Though they know bi  God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things bj  deserve to die, they not only do them but bk  give approval to those who practice them.

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