1 Kings 22

Jehoshaphat’s Alliance with Ahab

1There was a a lull of three years b without war between Aram and Israel. 2However, in the third year, Jehoshaphat c king of Judah went to visit the king of Israel. d 3The king of Israel had said to his servants, “Don’t you know that Ramoth-gilead e is ours, but we have failed to take it from the hand of the king of Aram?” 4So f he asked Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to fight Ramoth-gilead?” gJehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, “I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.” h 5But Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “First, please ask what the Lord’s will is.” i

6So the king of Israel gathered the prophets, about 400 men, j and asked them, “Should I go against Ramoth-gilead for war or should I refrain?”They replied, “March up, and the Lord will hand it over to the king.” k

7But Jehoshaphat asked, “Isn’t there a prophet of
Yahweh/Yah: Or The Lord; the personal name of God in Hebrew; "Yah" is the shortened form of the name.
Yahweh here anymore? m Let’s ask him.”

8The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is still one man who can ask Yahweh, but I hate him n because he never prophesies good about me, o but only disaster. He is Micaiah son of Imlah.”“The king shouldn’t say that!” Jehoshaphat replied.

9So the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Hurry and get Micaiah son of Imlah!”

10Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah, p clothed in royal attire, were each sitting on his own throne. They were on the threshing floor q at the entrance to Samaria’s
gate(s): The center for community discussions, political meetings, and trying of court cases
gate, and all the prophets were prophesying in front of them.
11Then Zedekiah s son of Chenaanah made iron horns t and said, “This is what the Lord says: ‘You will gore the Arameans with these until they are finished off.’” 12And all the prophets were prophesying the same: “March up to Ramoth-gilead u and succeed, for the Lord will hand it over to the king.”

Micaiah’s Message of Defeat

13 The messenger v who went to call Micaiah instructed him, “Look, the words of the prophets are unanimously favorable for the king. So let your words be like theirs, and speak favorably.”

14But Micaiah said, “As the Lord lives, w I will say whatever the Lord says to me.” x

15So he went to the king, and the king asked him, “Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth-gilead for war, or should we refrain?”Micaiah told him, “March up and succeed. Yahweh will hand it over to the king.”

16But the king said to him, “How many times must I make you swear not to tell me anything but the truth in the name of Yahweh?”

17So Micaiah said:

I saw all Israel scattered on the hills
like sheep without a shepherd. y
And the Lord said,
“They have no master;
let everyone return home in peace.” z

18So the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you he never prophesies good about me, but only disaster?”

19Then Micaiah said, “Therefore, hear the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on His throne, aa and the whole heavenly
Hosts/hosts: Military forces consisting of God's angels, sometimes including the sun, moon, and stars, and occasionally, Israel
host ac was standing by Him at His right hand and at His left hand.
20And the Lord said, ‘Who will entice Ahab to march up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ ad So one was saying this and another was saying that.

21“Then a spirit came forward, stood before the Lord, and said, ‘I will entice him.’

22“The Lord asked him, ‘How?’“He said, ‘I will go and become a lying spirit ae in the mouth of all his prophets.’“Then He said, ‘You will certainly entice him and prevail. af Go and do that.’

23“You see, the Lord has put a lying spirit into the mouth of all these prophets of yours, and the Lord has pronounced disaster against you.”

24Then Zedekiah ag son of Chenaanah came up, hit Micaiah in the face, and demanded, “Did
Lit Which way did
the Spirit of the Lord leave me to speak to you?” ai

25 Micaiah replied, “You will soon see when you go to hide yourself in an inner chamber on that day.” aj

26Then the king of Israel ordered, “Take Micaiah and return him to Amon, the governor of the city, and to Joash, the king’s son, ak 27and say, ‘This is what the king says: Put this guy in prison al and feed him only bread and water
Lit him on bread of oppression and water of oppression
until I come back safely.’”

28But Micaiah said, “If you ever return safely, the Lord has not spoken through me.” an Then he said, “Listen, all you people!”
LXX omits Then he said, “Listen, all you people!”

Ahab’s Death

29 Then aq the king of Israel and Judah’s King Jehoshaphat went up to Ramoth-gilead. ar 30But the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise as myself and go into battle, but you wear your royal attire.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle. at

31Now the king of Aram had ordered his 32 chariot commanders, au “Do not fight with anyone at all except the king of Israel.” av

32When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they shouted, “He must be the king of Israel!” So they turned to fight against him, but Jehoshaphat cried out. 33When the chariot commanders saw that he was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing him.

34But a man drew his bow aw without taking special aim and struck the king of Israel through the joints of his armor. So he said to his charioteer, “Turn around and take me out of the battle,
LXX; MT reads camp
for I am badly wounded!” ay
35The battle raged throughout that day, and the king was propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. He died that evening, az and blood from his wound flowed into the bottom of the chariot. 36Then the cry rang out in the army as the sun set, declaring:

Each man to his own city,
and each man to his own land! ba

37So the king died and was brought to Samaria. They buried the king in Samaria. bb 38Then someone washed the chariot at the pool of Samaria. The dogs licked up his blood, and the prostitutes bathed in it, according to the word of the Lord that He had spoken. bc

39The rest of the events of Ahab’s reign, along with all his accomplishments, including the ivory palace bd he built, and all the cities he built, are written in the Historical Record of Israel’s Kings. be 40 Ahab rested with his fathers, bf and his son Ahaziah bg became king in his place.

Judah’s King Jehoshaphat

41 Jehoshaphat bh son of Asa became king over Judah in the fourth year of Israel’s King Ahab. 42 Jehoshaphat was 35 years old when he became king; he reigned 25 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Azubah daughter of Shilhi. 43He walked in all the ways of his father Asa; bi he did not turn away from them but did what was right in the Lord’s sight. However, the
high place(s): An ancient place of worship most often associated with pagan religions, usually built on an elevated location
high places were not taken away;
LXX, Syr, Vg read he did not remove the high places
the people still sacrificed and burned incense on the high places. bl
44 Jehoshaphat also made peace with the king of Israel. bm

45The rest of the events of Jehoshaphat’s reign, along with the might he exercised and how he waged war, are written in the Historical Record of Judah’s Kings. bn 46He removed from the land the rest of the male cult prostitutes who were left from the days of his father Asa. bo 47There was no king in Edom; bp a deputy served as king. 48 Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish bq to go to Ophir br for gold, but they did not go because the ships were wrecked at Ezion-geber. bs 49At that time, Ahaziah bt son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my servants go with your servants in the ships,” but Jehoshaphat was not willing. 50 Jehoshaphat rested with his fathers and was buried with them in the city of his ancestor David. bu His son Jehoram bv became king in his place.

Israel’s King Ahaziah

51 Ahaziah bw son of Ahab became king over Israel in Samaria bx in the seventeenth year of Judah’s King Jehoshaphat by and reigned over Israel two years. 52He did what was evil in the Lord’s sight. bz He walked in the way of his father, ca in the way of his mother, cb and in the way of Jeroboam son of Nebat, who had caused Israel to sin. cc 53He served
Baal: A fertility god who was the main god of the Canaanite religion and the god of rain and thunderstorms; also the Hebrew word meaning "lord," "master," "owner," or "husband"
Baal and worshiped him. ce He provoked the Lord God of Israel just as his father had done. cf
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