1 Kings 7

Solomon’s Palace Complex

1 Solomon completed his entire palace complex after 13 years of construction. a 2He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon. b It was 150 feet
Lit 100 cubits
long, 75 feet
Lit 50 cubits
wide, and 45 feet
Lit 30 cubits
high on four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams on top of the pillars.
3It was paneled above with cedar at the top of the chambers that rested on 45 pillars, 15 per row. 4There were three rows of window frames, facing each other
Lit frames, window to window
in three tiers.
Lit three times; = at 3 different places
5 All the doors and doorposts had rectangular frames, the openings facing each other
Lit frames, opposing window to window
in three tiers.
Lit three times; = at 3 different places
6He made the hall of pillars 75 feet
Lit 50 cubits
long and 45 feet
Lit 30 cubits
wide. A portico was in front of the pillars, and a canopy with pillars
Hb obscure
was in front of them.
7He made the Hall of the Throne where he would judge n – the Hall of Judgment. It was paneled with cedar from the floor to the rafters.
Syr, Vg; MT reads floor
8Solomon’s own palace where he would live, in the other courtyard behind the hall, was of similar construction. And he made a house like this hall for Pharaoh’s daughter, his wife.
Lit daughter he had taken

9 All of these buildings were of costly stones, cut to size and sawed with saws on the inner and outer surfaces, from foundation to coping and from the outside to the great courtyard. 10The foundation was made of large, costly stones 12 and 15 feet
Lit ten cubits and eight cubits
11 Above were also costly stones, cut to size, as well as cedar wood. 12 Around the great courtyard, as well as the inner courtyard of the Lord’s temple and the portico of the temple, were three rows of dressed stone and a row of trimmed cedar beams. s

13 King Solomon had Hiram
= Huram in 2Ch 4:11
u brought from Tyre.
14 He was a widow’s son from the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a bronze craftsman. Hiram had great skill, v understanding, and knowledge to do every kind of bronze work. So he came to King Solomon and carried out all his work. w

The Bronze Pillars

15 He cast two hollow bronze pillars: x each 27 feet
Lit 18 cubits
high and 18 feet
Lit 12 cubits
in circumference.
LXX adds and the thickness of the pillar was four fingers hollowed and similarly the second pillar
16He also made two capitals ac of cast bronze to set on top of the pillars; 71/2 feet
Lit five cubits
was the height of the first capital, and 71/2 feet
Lit five cubits
was also the height of the second capital.
17The capitals on top of the pillars had gratings of latticework, wreaths
Lit tassels
made of chainwork – seven for the first capital and seven for the second.

18He made the pillars with two encircling rows of pomegranates on the one grating to cover the capital on top; he did the same for the second capital. 19And the capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were shaped like lilies, six feet
Lit four cubits
20The capitals on the two pillars were also immediately above the rounded surface next to the grating, and 200 pomegranates ah were in rows encircling each
Lit encircling the second
21He set up the pillars at the portico aj of the sanctuary: he set up the right pillar and named it Jachin;
= He Will Establish
then he set up the left pillar and named it Boaz.
= In Him Is Strength
22The tops of the pillars were shaped like lilies. Then the work of the pillars was completed. an

The Reservoir

23 He made the cast metal reservoir,
Lit sea
ap 15 feet
Lit 10 cubits
from brim to brim, perfectly round. It was 71/2 feet
Lit five cubits
high and 45 feet
Lit 30 cubits
in circumference.
24Ornamental gourds at encircled it below the brim, 10 every half yard,
Lit 10 per cubit
completely encircling the reservoir. av The gourds were cast in two rows when the reservoir was cast.
25It stood on 12 oxen, aw three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The reservoir was on top of them and all their hindquarters were toward the center. 26The reservoir was three inches
Lit a handbreadth
thick, and its rim was fashioned like the brim of a cup or of a lily blossom. It held 11,000 gallons.
Lit 2,000 baths

The Bronze Water Carts

27 Then he made 10 bronze water carts.
Lit bronze stands
ba Each water cart was six feet
Lit four cubits
long, six feet
Lit four cubits
wide, and 41/2 feet
Lit three cubits
28 This was the design of the carts: They had frames; the frames were between the cross-pieces, 29and on the frames between the cross-pieces were lions, oxen, and
cherubim: A class of winged angels, associated with the throne of God, who function as guardians and who prevented Adam and Eve from returning to the garden of Eden
cherubim. bf On the cross-pieces there was a pedestal above, and below the lions and oxen were wreaths of hanging
Or hammered-down
30 Each cart bh had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. Underneath the four corners of the basin were cast supports, each next to a wreath. 31And the water cart’s opening inside the crown on top was 18 inches
Lit a cubit
wide. The opening was round, made as a pedestal 27 inches
Lit one and a half cubits
wide. On it were carvings, but their frames were square, not round.
32There were four wheels under the frames, and the wheel axles were part of the water cart; each wheel was 27 inches
Lit was one and a half cubits
33The wheels’ design was similar to that of chariot wheels: their axles, rims, spokes, and hubs were all of cast metal. 34 Four supports were at the four corners of each water cart; each support was one piece with the water cart. 35At the top of the cart was a band nine inches
Lit half a cubit
high encircling it; also, at the top of the cart, its braces and its frames were one piece with it.
36He engraved cherubim, lions, and palm trees bm on the plates of its braces and on its frames, wherever each had space, with encircling wreaths. 37In this way he made the 10 water carts using the same casting, dimensions, and shape for all of them.

Bronze Basins and Other Utensils

38 Then he made 10 bronze basins bn – each basin holding 220 gallons
Lit 40 baths
and each was six feet
Lit four cubits
wide – one basin for each of the 10 water carts.
39He set five water carts on the right side of the temple and five on the left side. He put the reservoir near the right side of the temple toward the southeast. bq 40Then Hiram made br the basins, the shovels, and the sprinkling basins.

Completion of the Bronze Works

So Hiram finished all the work that he was doing for King Solomon on the Lord’s temple:
41 two pillars; bs bowls for the capitals that were on top of the two pillars; the two gratings for covering both bowls of the capitals that were on top of the pillars; bt 42the 400 pomegranates for the two gratings (two rows of pomegranates for each grating covering both capitals’ bowls on top of the pillars bu); 43the 10 water carts; bv the 10 basins on the water carts; bw 44the reservoir; bx the 12 oxen underneath the reservoir; by 45and the pots, shovels, and sprinkling basins. bz All the utensils that Hiram made for King Solomon at the Lord’s temple were made of burnished bronze. 46The king had them cast in clay molds in the Jordan Valley between Succoth ca and Zarethan. cb 47 Solomon left all the utensils unweighed because there were so many; the weight of the bronze was not determined. cc

Completion of the Gold Furnishings

48 Solomon also made all the equipment in the Lord’s temple: the gold altar; the gold table that the
Bread of the Presence: Literally bread of presentation; 12 loaves, representing the 12 tribes of Israel, put on the table in the holy place in the tabernacle, and later in the temple. The priests ate the previous week's loaves; Ex 25:30; 29:32; Lv 24:5-9.
bread of the Presence was placed on; ce
49the pure gold lampstands in front of the inner sanctuary, five on the right and five on the left; cf the gold flowers, lamps, and tongs; 50the pure gold ceremonial bowls, wick trimmers, sprinkling basins, ladles,
Or dishes, or spoons; lit palms
and firepans; ch and the gold hinges for the doors of the inner temple (that is, the most holy place) and for the doors of the temple sanctuary.

51So all the work King Solomon did in the Lord’s temple was completed. ci Then Solomon brought in the consecrated things of his father David cj – the silver, the gold, and the utensils – and put them in the treasuries of the Lord’s temple. ck
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